Access to some hardware registers and other things can only be done by one CPU at a time.
An easy way to do this is to make the entire network stack runs with a single lock held, so operations only take place on one core.
This is inefficient, if you ever want to use more than one core, for faster performing cards.

Adapting old drivers to be able to run with the rest of the network stack not having this lock will improve NetBSD networking.
A large number of drivers must be adapted, and some of them can be emulated from virtual machines too, some examples:

You may find others listed in pci(4). It is possible you have a computing device with a device for which the driver hasn't been converted yet.

The file src/doc/TODO.smpnet in the NetBSD source tree contains a list of fully converted drivers that you may use an an example, as well as some general guidelines.

When applying for this project, please note which driver you would like to work on.