LAMP is a an acronym for a combined set of software to run a Webserver containig following Software Products: Apache, Mysql Perl, Python or PHP. The "L" stands for Linux, therefore there is also an acronym named WAMP representing the Windows Operating System. This also means that the title of this article is misleading. The approach is to install the same combined set of software, but using NetBSD as the Operating System instead of Linux.
We will install all components using pkgsrc, building all packages from source. An installation using existing binaries provided by ftp.netbsd.org is not possible.
The new Apache 2.2 server comes with two different threading models from which prefork is installed by default. It is not recommended to use the Worker model, if you wish to use Apache and PHP. As that is the case, we will install a default Apache 2.2 server.
# make install clean clean-depends
This will install the Apache 2.2 server and all it's dependencies. The package currently depends on 10 other packages like perl, gmake and libtool to name a few. All dependencies are build before the Apache webserver is build, otherwise it wouldn't be dependencies.
If your build was successful, you should now edit the Apache configuration file
/usr/pkg/etc/httpd/httpd.conf to fit your needs. At least set the
Listen Attribute and your
ServerName. Please ensure that if your machines hostname does not globally resolve, to put it into your
/etc/hosts file, otherwise Apache will refuse to start.
If you wish to start the Apache webserver at boottime, please copy the rc.d example script from
/etc/rc.d and then add
apache=yes to your
# cp /usr/pkg/share/examples/rc.d/apache /etc/rc.d
If you want to copy the rc.d scripts automatically with pkgsrc, you can use:
in your /etc/mk.conf
You could now start, stop and restart the Apache Webserver using apachectl or using boot script /etc/rc.d/apache
To start the Server enter:
# apachectl start
# /etc/rc.d/apache start
To stop the server, substitute start with stop. If you're running a production server, pay attention to the apachectl graceful option.
You can skip this part, if you don't want to install a MySQL Server. To install the MySQL Server enter:
# cd /usr/pkgsrc/databases/mysql5-server # make install clean clean-depends
This will install the mysql server and all it's dependencies, like the mysql client.
Please copy the example start script to /etc/rc.d
# cp /usr/pkg/share/examples/rc.d/mysqld /etc/rc.d
and add mysqld=yes to your /etc/rc.conf
You can now start, stop and restart the MySQL server using
# /etc/rc.d/mysqld start
to start and respectively stop and restart.
The default mysql server database root password is empty. For security reasons, you should set your root password as soon as possible.
You can pass most of the Options to the Server via the file /etc/my.cnf. If you want the Server to listen only on localhost, for instance, create /etc/my.cnf and add
[mysqld] port=3306 bind-address=127.0.0.1
and restart your mysql server. To check, if your mysql server is really listening only on localhost, use.
# sockstat -l
For much more Options, consider reading the MySQL Documentation.
# cd /usr/pkgsrc/www/ap-php # make install clean
This will install by default the latest Version of PHP 5.x and the PHP5 Module for Apache 2.2
You should now add the Module and the PHP Handlers to your Apache Configuration File
Add following lines:
LoadModule php5_module /usr/pkg/lib/httpd/mod_php5.so
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
and if you wish
DirectoryIndex index.html index.php
This step is important and enables you to make mysql database connections from your php skript.
cd /usr/pkgsrc/databases/php-mysql/ make install clean
/usr/pkg/etc/php.ini and add the line
You need this to enable mysql functions in your php module.
Now restart your Apache webserver. To test, if PHP is working, create a small file called test.php in your document root directory, which is by default
/usr/pkg/share/httpd/htdocs, containing only one line with the function phpinfo().
<?php phpinfo(); ?>
if you use php5 and wish to use short tags like
<? phpinfo() ?>, then edit your
/usr/pkg/etc/php.ini file and change option
short_open_tag = Offto
On to make this line working. In PHP5 short_open_tag is off by default.
Open your browser and point it to this url:
You should now see a website with information regarding your PHP installation and a table named mysql, in the middle of the document, with mysql informations.