Annotation of wikisrc/users/jruoho/doc.mdwn, revision 1.9

1.8       jruoho      1: # A Test.
1.4       jruoho      2: 
                      3: Problems:
                      4: 
                      5: * All documents must be HTML ready (the eternal <, >, &, etc.).
1.8       jruoho      6:   The ability to inline HTML can cause additional problems.
1.6       jruoho      7: * There seems to be no easy way to define custom macros (cf. &os;, etc.).
1.8       jruoho      8: * When using [toc], only the H1-headers are enumerated in the table of
                      9:   contents. Also: headers are not enumerated in the body text.
1.2       jruoho     10: 
1.6       jruoho     11: Benefits:
                     12: 
                     13: * Much, much clearer syntax compared to XML. The *Markdown* almost resembles
                     14:   plain text. This should be a big benefit in lowering the barriers of entry
                     15:   to documentation.
                     16: 
1.9     ! jruoho     17: ## About NetBSD
1.2       jruoho     18: 
1.9     ! jruoho     19: [[!toc]]
1.5       jruoho     20: 
1.9     ! jruoho     21: ### What is NetBSD?
1.4       jruoho     22: 
                     23: NetBSD is a free, fast, secure, and highly portable Unix-like Open Source
                     24: operating system.  It is available for many platforms, from 64-bit x86 servers
                     25: and PC desktop systems to embedded ARM and MIPS based devices. Its clean design
                     26: and advanced features make it excellent in both production and research
                     27: environments, and it is user-supported with complete source.  Many applications
                     28: are easily available through pkgsrc, the NetBSD Packages Collection.
1.2       jruoho     29: 
1.9     ! jruoho     30: ### The story of NetBSD
1.4       jruoho     31: 
                     32: The first version of NetBSD (0.8) dates back to 1993 and springs from the
                     33: 4.3BSD Lite operating system, a version of Unix developed at the University
                     34: of California, Berkeley (BSD = Berkeley Software Distribution), and from the
                     35: 386BSD system, the first BSD port to the Intel 386 CPU.  In the following
                     36: years, modifications from the 4.4BSD Lite release (the last release from the
                     37: Berkeley group) were integrated into the system. The BSD branch of Unix has
                     38: had a great importance and influence on the history of Unix-like operating
                     39: systems, to which it has contributed many tools, ideas and improvements
                     40: which are now standard: the vi editor, the C shell, job control, the
                     41: Berkeley fast file system, reliable signals, support for virtual memory and
                     42: TCP/IP, just to name a few.  This tradition of research and development
                     43: survives today in the BSD systems and, in particular, in NetBSD.
                     44: 
1.9     ! jruoho     45: ### NetBSD features
1.4       jruoho     46: 
                     47: NetBSD operates on a vast range of hardware platforms and is very portable.
                     48: The full source to the NetBSD kernel and userland is available for all the
                     49: supported platforms; please see the details on the official site of the
1.7       jruoho     50: [NetBSD Project](http://www.NetBSD.org/ "NetBSD")
                     51: .
1.4       jruoho     52: 
1.6       jruoho     53: * Code quality and correctness
                     54: * Portability to a wide range of hardware
                     55: * Secure defaults
                     56: * Adherence to industry standards
                     57: * Research and innovation
                     58: 
                     59: These characteristics bring also indirect advantages. For example, if you work
                     60: on just one platform you could think that you're not interested in portability.
                     61: But portability is tied to code quality; without a well written and well
                     62: organized code base it would be impossible to support a large number of
                     63: platforms. And code quality is the base of any good and solid software system,
                     64: though surprisingly few people seem to understand it.
                     65: 
                     66: One of the key characteristics of NetBSD is that its developers are not
                     67: satisfied with partial implementations. Some systems seem to have the
                     68: philosophy of *if it works, it's right*. In that light NetBSD's philosophy
                     69: could be described as *it doesn't work unless it's right*. Think about how
                     70: many overgrown programs are collapsing under their own weight and "features"
                     71: and you'll understand why NetBSD tries to avoid this situation at all costs.
1.5       jruoho     72: 
1.9     ! jruoho     73: ### Supported platforms
1.5       jruoho     74: 
1.6       jruoho     75: NetBSD supports many platforms, including the popular PC platform (i386 and
                     76: amd64), SPARC and UltraSPARC, Alpha, Amiga, Atari, and m68k and PowerPC
                     77: based Apple Macintosh machines. Technical details for all of them can be
1.7       jruoho     78: found on
                     79: [the NetBSD site](http://www.NetBSD.org/ports "NetBSD Ports")
                     80: .
1.5       jruoho     81: 
1.9     ! jruoho     82: ### NetBSD's target users
1.6       jruoho     83: 
                     84: The NetBSD site states that: *the NetBSD Project provides a freely available
                     85: and redistributable system that professionals, hobbyists, and researchers
                     86: can use in whatever manner they wish*. It is also an ideal system if you
                     87: want to learn Unix, mainly because of its adherence to standards (one of the
                     88: project goals) and because it works equally well on the latest PC hardware
                     89: as well as on hardware which is considered obsolete by many other operating
                     90: systems. To learn and use Unix you don't need to buy expensive hardware; you
                     91: can use that old PC or Mac in your attic. It is important to note that
                     92: although NetBSD runs on old hardware, modern hardware is well supported and
                     93: care has been taken to ensure that supporting old machines does not inhibit
                     94: performance on modern hardware.  In addition, if you need a Unix system
                     95: which runs consistently on a variety of platforms, NetBSD is probably your
                     96: best choice.
                     97: 
1.9     ! jruoho     98: ### Applications for NetBSD
1.6       jruoho     99: 
                    100: Aside from the standard Unix productivity tools, editors, formatters, C/C++
                    101: compilers and debuggers and so on that are included with the base system,
                    102: there is a huge collection of packages (currently over 8,000) that can be
                    103: installed both from source and in pre-compiled form. All the packages that
                    104: you expect to find on a well configured system are available for NetBSD for
                    105: free.  The framework that makes this possible, pkgsrc, also includes a
                    106: number of commercial applications.  In addition, NetBSD provides binary
                    107: emulation for various other *nix operating systems, allowing you to run
                    108: non-native applications.  Linux emulation is probably the most relevant
                    109: example.  You can run the Linux versions of
                    110: 
                    111: * Firefox
                    112: * the Adobe Flash player plugin
                    113: * Acrobat Reader
                    114: * many other programs
                    115: 
1.9     ! jruoho    116: ### How to get NetBSD
1.6       jruoho    117: 
                    118: NetBSD is an Open Source operating system, and as such it is freely
1.7       jruoho    119: available for download from
                    120: [ftp.NetBSD.org](ftp://ftp.NetBSD.org "ftp.NetBSD.org")
                    121: and its
                    122: [mirrors](http://www.NetBSD.org/mirrors/ "NetBSD mirrors")
                    123: .
1.6       jruoho    124: 
                    125: There is no "official" supplier of NetBSD CD-ROMs but there are various
                    126: resellers.  You can find the most up to date list on the relevant
1.7       jruoho    127: [page](http://www.NetBSD.org/sites/cdroms.html "CD-ROMs")
                    128: on the NetBSD site.
1.6       jruoho    129: 

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