# What is CVS
CVS is an abbreviation for Concurrent Versions System.
Nothing. CVS comes with the NetBSD base installation.
# Setting up the repository
First decide where you want to store all cvs repositories. Let's take /usr/cvsrepositories
# mkdir /usr/cvsrepositories
Now you can create directories for different projects.
# cd /usr/cvsrepositories
# mkdir mycompany
# mkdir myprivatestuff
This projects must have chmod 770 to separate them from each other.
# chmod 770 mycompany
# chmod 770 myprivatestuff
# Creating user groups
You should create a group for projects, where people are working together.
# group add mycompanyname
You should now assign this group to the project directory they belong.
# cd /usr/cvsrepositories
# chgrp mycompanyname mycompany/
# cvs init
Before you can either checkout or import anything, you have to init your projects root directory. To keep the path short for the CVSROOT environment variable, I recommend using symlinks to the repository from the root /.
# cd /
# ln -s /usr/cvsrepositories/mycompany mycompany
Now create the cvs repository using
# cvs -d /mycompany/ init
# Creating users
Now create users that are allowed to check out from your repository. Keep company workers in the group you have created before.
# useradd -G mycompanyname -m john
And set a password for the user john
# passwd john
It's your decision if you want to grant the users shell access or not.
# Setting environment variables
Please set the environment variables CVSROOT and CVS_RSH. Bash or ksh users please use export.
# export CVSROOTemail@example.com:/mycompany
# export CVS_RSH=ssh
csh users set it like this:
# setenv CVSROOT firstname.lastname@example.org:/mycompany
# setenv CVS_RSH ssh
As you can see we use ssh as the transport protocol. This is recommended. Keep your transfers encrypted.
# Initial check in
You should now proceed with the the initial check in of your (code)work. You can do this from another server aswell. Don't forget to set the environment variables there too.
Now please change into the directory you wish to import initially.
# cd myproject
and import it to your cvs server.
# cvs import -m "myproject initial import" myproject myproject initial
this should produce an output like this:
No conflicts created by this import
To checkout the work, set your environment variables and enter
# cvs co -PA myproject
This will checkout myproject.
# ssh config
Please configure your ssh client to fit your need in .ssh/config, like using a different ssh port than 22.
That's it. For more information about [[!template id=man name="cvs" section="1"]] and using it please read the manpage.
# See also
* [[!template id=man name="cvs" section="1"]]
* [[!template id=man name="groupadd" section="8"]]
* [[!template id=man name="useradd" section="8"]]
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