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Wed Sep 9 14:28:56 2020 UTC (2 months, 3 weeks ago) by kim
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    1: **Contents**
    2: 
    3: [[!toc]]
    4: 
    5: #  What is CVS 
    6: 
    7: CVS is an abbreviation for Concurrent Versions System. 
    8: 
    9: #  Requirements 
   10: 
   11: Nothing. CVS comes with the NetBSD base installation. 
   12: 
   13: #  Setting up the repository 
   14: 
   15: First decide where you want to store all cvs repositories. Let's take /usr/cvsrepositories 
   16:     
   17:     # mkdir /usr/cvsrepositories
   18:     
   19: 
   20: Now you can create directories for different projects. 
   21:     
   22:     # cd /usr/cvsrepositories
   23:     # mkdir mycompany
   24:     # mkdir myprivatestuff
   25:     
   26: 
   27: This projects must have chmod 770 to separate them from each other. 
   28:     
   29:     # chmod 770 mycompany
   30:     # chmod 770 myprivatestuff
   31:     
   32: 
   33: #  Creating user groups 
   34: 
   35: You should create a group for projects, where people are working together. 
   36:     
   37:     # group add mycompanyname
   38:     
   39: 
   40: You should now assign this group to the project directory they belong. 
   41:     
   42:     # cd /usr/cvsrepositories
   43:     # chgrp mycompanyname mycompany/
   44:     
   45: 
   46: #  cvs init 
   47: 
   48: Before you can either checkout or import anything, you have to init your projects root directory. To keep the path short for the CVSROOT environment variable, I recommend using symlinks to the repository from the root /. 
   49:     
   50:     # cd /
   51:     # ln -s /usr/cvsrepositories/mycompany mycompany
   52:     
   53: 
   54: Now create the cvs repository using 
   55:     
   56:     # cvs -d /mycompany/ init
   57:     
   58: 
   59: #  Creating users 
   60: 
   61: Now create users that are allowed to check out from your repository. Keep company workers in the group you have created before. 
   62:     
   63:     # useradd -G mycompanyname -m john
   64:     
   65: 
   66: And set a password for the user john 
   67:     
   68:     # passwd john
   69:     
   70: 
   71: It's your decision if you want to grant the users shell access or not. 
   72: 
   73: #  Setting environment variables 
   74: 
   75: Please set the environment variables CVSROOT and CVS_RSH. Bash or ksh users please use export. 
   76:     
   77:     # export CVSROOT=username@yourserver.com:/mycompany
   78:     # export CVS_RSH=ssh
   79:     
   80: 
   81: csh users set it like this: 
   82:     
   83:     # setenv CVSROOT username@yourserver.com:/mycompany
   84:     # setenv CVS_RSH ssh
   85:     
   86: 
   87: As you can see we use ssh as the transport protocol. This is recommended. Keep your transfers encrypted. 
   88: 
   89: #  Initial check in 
   90: 
   91: You should now proceed with the the initial check in of your (code)work. You can do this from another server aswell. Don't forget to set the environment variables there too. 
   92: 
   93: Now please change into the directory you wish to import initially. 
   94:     
   95:     # cd myproject
   96:     
   97: 
   98: and import it to your cvs server. 
   99:     
  100:     # cvs import -m "myproject initial import" myproject myproject initial
  101:     
  102: 
  103: this should produce an output like this: 
  104:     
  105:     
  106:     N myproject/test.c
  107:     N myproject/test.h
  108:     N myproject/mi/mi.h
  109:     N myproject/md/md.h
  110:     
  111:     No conflicts created by this import
  112:     
  113: 
  114: #  checkout 
  115: 
  116: To checkout the work, set your environment variables and enter 
  117:     
  118:     # cvs co -PA myproject
  119:     
  120: 
  121: This will checkout myproject. 
  122: 
  123: #  ssh config 
  124: 
  125: Please configure your ssh client to fit your need in .ssh/config, like using a different ssh port than 22. 
  126: 
  127: That's it. For more information about [[!template id=man name="cvs" section="1"]] and using it please read the manpage. 
  128: 
  129: #  See also 
  130: 
  131:   * [[!template id=man name="cvs" section="1"]]
  132:   * [[!template id=man name="groupadd" section="8"]]
  133:   * [[!template id=man name="useradd" section="8"]]
  134: 

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