Annotation of wikisrc/tutorials/how_to_install_netbsd_on_a_power_macintosh_g4___40__grey__41__.mdwn, revision 1.1

1.1     ! mspo        1: **Contents**
        !             2: 
        !             3: [[!toc]]
        !             4: 
        !             5: #Requirements
        !             6: 
        !             7: You will need an Apple Power Macintosh G4, the NetBSD macppc installation CD-ROM and a working internet connection.
        !             8: The installation CD-ROM
        !             9: 
        !            10: You can download the NetBSD/macppc installation CD-ROM from the NetBSD [[Mirrors|Get_BSD]].
        !            11: For example from: <ftp://ftp3.de.netbsd.org/pub/NetBSD/iso/3.0.1/macppccd-3.0.1.iso>
        !            12: 
        !            13: #Booting
        !            14: 
        !            15: Please hold down the Keys *Apple+Alt+O+F*, after the Apple boot tone sounds to enter OpenFirmeware and enter:
        !            16: 
        !            17:     boot cd:,ofwboot.xcf netbsd.macppc
        !            18: 
        !            19: #Sysinst
        !            20: 
        !            21: Now, wait until sysinst shows up, but don't start the normal installation. We need to create an Apple HFS partition first that are readable by OpenFirmware. The current NetBSD disklabel isn't able to create the partitions yet. 
        !            22: 
        !            23: #Configure the Network
        !            24: 
        !            25: Please configure now your integrated gem0 (100baseTX) or wi0 (WLAN) NIC to have an internet connection to match your local network configuration and exit the sysinst program.
        !            26: 
        !            27: #Fetching pdisk
        !            28: 
        !            29: We will need to fetch pdisk, the partition tool to partition the hard disk. To fetch pdisk from your local ftp mirror enter:
        !            30: 
        !            31:     # cd /sbin
        !            32:     # ftp -a ftp://ftp3.de.netbsd.org/pub/NetBSD/arch/macppc/netbsd-pdisk/netbsd-pdisk.macppc-1-6
        !            33: 
        !            34: and rename it to pdisk
        !            35: 
        !            36:     # mv netbsd-pdisk.macppc-1-6 pdisk
        !            37:        
        !            38: #Partitioning the hard disk
        !            39: 
        !            40: Now we're going to partition the disk. Enter:
        !            41: 
        !            42:     # pdisk /dev/wd0c
        !            43: 
        !            44: to start the pdisk program. Create a new partition map using i.
        !            45: 
        !            46: Create a partition with offset at 2p with the size 32m and type Apple_HFS using the C option. Name it boot.
        !            47: 
        !            48: Create a partition with offset at 3p with size Xg and bzb bit a (root) using the c option. Name is root. Now if you want to have the whole system on one partition (root) assign the rest of disk space here.
        !            49: 
        !            50: Create a partition with offset at 4p with size Xg and bzb bit b (swap) using the c option. Name is swap.
        !            51: 
        !            52: If you want to create further partitions like /tmp /var /home do the following
        !            53: 
        !            54: Create a partition with offset at 5p with size 1g and bzb bit e (tmp) using c option. Name is tmp.
        !            55: 
        !            56: Create a partition with offset at 6p with size 1g and bzb bit f (var) using c option. Name is var.
        !            57: 
        !            58: Create a partition with offset at 7p with size 5g and bzb bit g (usr) using c option. Name is usr.
        !            59: 
        !            60: Dump the partition configuration using p.
        !            61: 
        !            62: If you have configured the new partition map, it should look like this:
        !            63: <pre><code>
        !            64:    1: Apple partition map
        !            65:    2: 32m HFS boot
        !            66:    3: 1g Apple_UNIX_SVR2 root /    a
        !            67:    4: 1g Apple_UNIX_SVR2 swap      b
        !            68:    5: 1g Apple_UNIX_SVR2 tmp       e
        !            69:    6: 1g Apple_UNIX_SVR2 var       f
        !            70:    7: 5g Apple_UNIX_SVR2 usr  /usr g
        !            71:    8: *g Apple_UNIX_SVR2 home      h
        !            72: </code></pre>
        !            73: Write the partition map using w. 
        !            74: 
        !            75: #Newfs
        !            76: 
        !            77: Now newfs your partitions:
        !            78: 
        !            79:     # newfs /dev/wd0x
        !            80: 
        !            81: Note: Don't care about error messages that newfs couldn't touch the disklabel - that's right since we've created everything with pdisk.
        !            82: 
        !            83: #Mounting root
        !            84: 
        !            85: Mount the root partition to /mnt2 and create following directories:
        !            86: 
        !            87:     # mount /dev/wd0a /mnt2
        !            88:     # cd /mnt2
        !            89:     # mkdir etc tmp usr var home
        !            90: 
        !            91: #Create fstab
        !            92: 
        !            93: Create the file fstab that should match your wd0 disklabel configuration.
        !            94: 
        !            95:     # echo /dev/wd0a / ffs rw 1 1 >> /mnt2/etc/fstab
        !            96:     # echo /dev/wd0b none swap sw 0 0 >> /mnt2/etc/fstab
        !            97:     # echo /dev/wd0e /tmp ffs rw 1 2 >> /mnt2/etc/fstab
        !            98:     # echo /dev/wd0g /var ffs rw 1 2 >> /mnt2/etc/fstab
        !            99:     # echo /dev/wd0f /usr ffs rw 1 2 >> /mnt2/etc/fstab
        !           100:     # echo /dev/wd0h /home ffs rw 1 2 >> /mnt2/etc/fstab
        !           101: 
        !           102: #Umount
        !           103: 
        !           104: Unmount /mnt2 again and enter sysinst.
        !           105: 
        !           106:     # cd /
        !           107:     # umount /mnt2
        !           108:     # sysinst
        !           109: 
        !           110: #Using Sysinst
        !           111: 
        !           112: In sysinst just use Re-install sets and proceed with the installation. After finishing these steps (equivalent to standard installation and which will create all device nodes in /dev) you can configure your Timezone and set a root password through going to the Utilities menu again.
        !           113: 
        !           114: #First boot
        !           115: 
        !           116: Now we're ready for the first boot. Exit sysinstall and enter reboot.
        !           117: 
        !           118:     # reboot
        !           119: 
        !           120: Leave the installation CD in your drive and enter:
        !           121: 
        !           122:     boot cd:,ofwboot.xcf hd:3,/netbsd
        !           123: 
        !           124: Wait until netbsd boots into single user mode and use /bin/sh.
        !           125: 
        !           126: * Set your terminal to VT100 
        !           127: 
        !           128:     # export TERM=vt100
        !           129: 
        !           130: * Remount root read-write using: 
        !           131: 
        !           132:     # mount -uw /
        !           133: 
        !           134: Cd to /etc and edit your rc.conf:
        !           135: 
        !           136:     cd /etc
        !           137:     vi rc.conf
        !           138: 
        !           139: Please set:
        !           140: 
        !           141:     rc_configured=YES
        !           142:     wscons=YES
        !           143:     hostname=my.powermac.g4
        !           144:     dhclient=yes
        !           145: 
        !           146: Please use /etc/ifconfig.gem0 if you don't have a DHCP Server in your network and remove dhclient=yes from rc.conf
        !           147: 
        !           148: Right now, set up your network. Either use dhclient to configure your network via DHCP
        !           149: 
        !           150:     # dhclient gem0  
        !           151: 
        !           152: or manually specify your network using ifconfig.
        !           153: 
        !           154:     # ifconfig gem0 192.168.0.124 netmask 255.255.255.0
        !           155: 
        !           156: Fetch pkgsrc.tar.gz
        !           157: 
        !           158:     ftp -a ftp://ftp.netbsd.org/pub/NetBSD/NetBSD-current/tar_files/pkgsrc.tar.gz 
        !           159: 
        !           160: and extract it to /usr
        !           161: 
        !           162:     tar xvfz pkgsrc.tar.gz -C /usr
        !           163: 
        !           164: Install hfsutils from sysutils
        !           165: 
        !           166:     # cd /usr/pkgsrc/sysutils/hfsutils 
        !           167:     # make install clean 
        !           168: 
        !           169: Format your boot partition through:
        !           170: 
        !           171:     # hformat /dev/wd0d
        !           172: 
        !           173: Place your ofwboot.xcf file of your installation cdrom (mount /dev/cd0a /mnt) to that partition:
        !           174: 
        !           175:     # hcopy /mnt/ofwboot.xcf :
        !           176: 
        !           177: 
        !           178: Reboot and enter OpenFirmware and enter following commands:
        !           179: 
        !           180:     # eject cd 
        !           181: 
        !           182: You don't need the installation disk anymore.
        !           183: <pre><code>
        !           184:    reset-nvram
        !           185:    setenv auto-boot? false
        !           186:    setenv boot-device hd:2,ofwboot.xcf
        !           187:    setenv boot-file hd:3,/netbsd
        !           188:    reset-all
        !           189: </pre></code>
        !           190: Next time you reboot your mac you get kicked into OpenFirmware directly. Just type:
        !           191: 
        !           192:     boot 
        !           193: 
        !           194: and you will boot into NetBSD :-)
        !           195: 
        !           196: #XF86Config
        !           197: 
        !           198: As for X11 here is my XF86Config file:
        !           199: <pre><code>
        !           200: Section "Files" 
        !           201:     FontPath    "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/local/"
        !           202:     FontPath    "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/misc/"
        !           203:     FontPath    "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/75dpi/:unscaled"
        !           204:     FontPath    "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/100dpi/:unscaled"
        !           205:     FontPath    "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/Type1/"
        !           206:     FontPath    "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/CID/"
        !           207:     FontPath    "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/Speedo/"
        !           208:     FontPath    "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/75dpi/"
        !           209:     FontPath    "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/100dpi/"
        !           210: EndSection
        !           211: 
        !           212: Section "ServerFlags"
        !           213:     Option      "blank time"    "10"    # 10 minutes
        !           214:     Option      "standby time"  "20"
        !           215:     Option      "suspend time"  "30"
        !           216:     Option      "off time"      "60"
        !           217:     Option      "PCI type"      "UniNorth"
        !           218: EndSection
        !           219: 
        !           220: Section "InputDevice"
        !           221:     Identifier "Keyboard1"  
        !           222:     driver  "keyboard"      
        !           223:     option "protocol" "wskbd"
        !           224:     option "device"  "/dev/wskbd1"
        !           225:     Option  "AutoRepeat"    "500 5"
        !           226:     Option      "XkbRules"      "xfree86"
        !           227:     Option      "XkbModel"      "macusb"
        !           228:     Option      "XkbLayout"     "us"
        !           229:     Option      "XkbModel"      "macusb"
        !           230:     Option      "XkbLayout"     "us"
        !           231: EndSection
        !           232: Section "InputDevice"
        !           233:     Identifier  "Mouse1"
        !           234:     Driver      "mouse"
        !           235:     Option      "Protocol"      "wsmouse"
        !           236:     Option      "Device"        "/dev/wsmouse0"
        !           237:     Option      "ZAxisMapping"  "4 5"
        !           238: EndSection  
        !           239: Section "Monitor"
        !           240:     Identifier  "Generic Monitor"
        !           241:     HorizSync   27-100         # multisync
        !           242:     VertRefresh 50-75         # multisync 
        !           243:     Option      "dpms"
        !           244: EndSection
        !           245: Section "Device"
        !           246:     Identifier  "Rage128 Pro"
        !           247:     Driver      "ati"
        !           248:     BusID       "PCI:0:16:0"
        !           249: EndSection
        !           250: Section "Screen"
        !           251:     Identifier          "Screen1"
        !           252:     Device              "Rage128 Pro"
        !           253:     Monitor             "Generic Monitor"
        !           254:     DefaultDepth        16      
        !           255:     HorizSync   27-100         # multisync
        !           256:     VertRefresh 50-75         # multisync 
        !           257:     Option      "dpms"
        !           258: EndSection  
        !           259: Section "Device"
        !           260:     Identifier  "Rage128 Pro"
        !           261:     Driver      "ati"
        !           262:     BusID       "PCI:0:16:0"
        !           263: EndSection
        !           264: Section "Screen"
        !           265:     Identifier          "Screen1"
        !           266:     Device              "Rage128 Pro"
        !           267:     Monitor             "Generic Monitor"
        !           268:     DefaultDepth        16      
        !           269:     SubSection "Display"
        !           270:         Depth           8
        !           271:         Modes           "1280x1024"
        !           272:     EndSubSection
        !           273:     SubSection "Display"
        !           274:         Depth           16
        !           275:         Modes           "1024x768"
        !           276:     EndSubSection
        !           277:   EndSection
        !           278: Section "ServerLayout"
        !           279:     Identifier  "Main Layout"
        !           280:     Screen      "Screen1"
        !           281:     InputDevice "Mouse1"        "CorePointer"
        !           282:     InputDevice "Keyboard1"     "CoreKeyboard"
        !           283: EndSection
        !           284: </pre></code>
        !           285: That's it, you now have a working NetBSD system on your G4. 

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