File:  [NetBSD Developer Wiki] / wikisrc / tutorials / how_to_enable_and_run_dtrace.mdwn
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Sat Aug 23 00:50:14 2014 UTC (7 years, 9 months ago) by riastradh
Branches: MAIN
CVS tags: HEAD
riz's syscall provider never got committed.

DTrace is a Dynamic Tracing framework developed by Sun and ported to NetBSD. It enables extensive instrumentation of the kernel and user space. See the [DTrace Community Page]( for more information. Also see [DTrace Introduction]( 

# Current status

## Supported platforms

DTrace is a work-in-progress effort and it is for x86 systems and some arm boards.

* i386 and amd64
* evbarm

## Supported providers

* SDT: Statically Defined Tracing
* FBT: Function Boundary Tracing

You can currently run a hello world DScript. 

## TODO for netbsd-7

* Rename provider modules to `dtrace_*.kmod`: `dtrace_fbt.kmod`, &c.
* Measure effect of `options KDTRACE_HOOKS` on system performance.
* Determine whether the profile module works and list it here.
* Put a dtrace target in /dev/MAKEDEV.
* Integrate [[riz|users/riz]]'s syscall provider patch.

## TODO for netbsd-6

Need to identify changes to pull up to netbsd-6 and pull them up.

* Profile provider.

# How to use

##  Building DTrace 

You need the following options in your kernel: 
    options         INSECURE
    options         KDTRACE_HOOKS   # DTrace support
    options         MODULAR

You also need to build distribution with the options MKMODULAR=yes and MKDTRACE=yes. 

##  Running hello world 

Load the solaris and dtrace modules, and the SDT (Statically Defined Tracing) and FBT (Function Boundary Tracing) modules: 
    modload solaris
    modload dtrace
    modload sdt
    modload fbt

Make the dtrace device node: 
    mkdir /dev/dtrace
    mknod /dev/dtrace/dtrace c dtrace 0

List the dtrace probes 
    dtrace -l
       ID   PROVIDER            MODULE                          FUNCTION NAME
        1     dtrace                                                     BEGIN
        2     dtrace                                                     END
        3     dtrace                                                     ERROR
        4        fbt            netbsd             AcpiAcquireGlobalLock entry
        5        fbt            netbsd             AcpiAcquireGlobalLock return
        6        fbt            netbsd             AcpiAllocateRootTable entry
        7        fbt            netbsd                    AcpiAttachData entry
    29129        fbt           solaris                   zfs_vop_getattr entry 
    29130        fbt           solaris                   zfs_vop_getattr return
    29131       proc                                                     create
    29132       proc                                                     exec 
    29140       proc                                                     lwp_start
    29141       proc                                                     lwp_exit


Put the following into the file hello.d 
        trace("Hello world");

Run the hello world script: 
    dtrace -s hello.d
    dtrace: script './hello.d' matched 1 probe
    CPU     ID                    FUNCTION:NAME
      0      1                           :BEGIN   Hello world

A more complex example that traces the execution of a sleep operation in the kernel: 
    #pragma D option flowindent
    /execname == "sleep" && guard++ == 0/
            self->traceme = 1;
            printf("fd: %d", arg0);
            self->traceme = 0;

Start the script running (dtrace -s <scriptname.d>) and then execute a sleep 2 in another shell. 

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