File:  [NetBSD Developer Wiki] / wikisrc / ports / vax-models.mdwn
Revision 1.1: download - view: text, annotated - select for diffs
Sat Dec 22 04:03:19 2012 UTC (15 months, 3 weeks ago) by mspo
Branches: MAIN
CVS tags: HEAD
add a few more port pages, also testing html2markdown for vax-models.mdwn

Notes on System Models
======================

Starting in the mid-late 1980's, most VAX systems were based on VAX
microprocessors (the exceptions were the VAX 9000 and all VAX 8xxx
except for the VAX 8200/8300 series). The microprocessors were:

-   78032 -- The first VAX microprocessor started shipping in 1985.
    About equivalent in CPU performance to the original VAX-11/780. In
    fact, at the time the 78032 was the first 32-bit microprocessor with
    both memory management and floating point on a single chip. It
    showed up in many system including the MicroVAX II and the VAX 8200.
-   CVAX - Achieved from twice to four times the performance of 78032,
    started shipping in 1988. Used in VAXstation 3100s (except for model
    76), the MicroVAX 3100 models 10[e] and 20[e], the VAX 4000 model
    300, and the VAX 6000 model 200 and 300.
-   Rigel - about 9 times the 78032, started shipping in 1990. Used in
    VAXstation 3100 model 76, the VAX 6000 model 400, the VAX 400 model
    300, and the MicroVAX 3100 model 40.
-   SOC (System On a Chip) -- about 6 times the 78032. Used in the
    VAXstation 4000 model VLC and VAX 4000 model 300.
-   Mariah - about 12 times the 78032, started shipping in 1991. Used by
    the VAX 4000 model 60, MicroVAX 3100 model 8x, and the VAX 6000
    model 500
-   NVAX - depending on the system, performance ranged from 16 times the
    78032 to nearly 50 times. The last of VAX microprocessors and was in
    the fastest of all VAX systems, the VAX 7000 model 800. It was used
    in the VAX 6000 model 600, all VAX 7000 and VAX 10000 systems, all
    VAX 4000 systems except for the (already mentioned) models 200 and
    300, MicroVAX 3100 model 9x, and VAXstation 4000 models 90, 90A, and
    96.

* * * * *

Contents
--------

These are a few of the many systems that NetBSD/vax supports.

-   [VAX-11/780 Systems](#star)
-   [VAX-11/750 System](#comet)
-   [VAX 8600 and 8650 Systems](#venus)
-   [VAX 8200-family Systems](#scorpio)
-   [MicroVAX II and MicroVAX III Systems](#mayflower)
-   [MicroVAX 3200, 3300, 3400 and 3500 Systems](#mayfair)
-   [MicroVAX 3600, 3800 and 3900 Systems](#mayfair2)
-   [VAXstation 2000/MicroVAX 2000 Systems](#vaxstar)
-   [MicroVAX 3100 Systems](#teammate2)
-   [VAXstation 3100 Systems](#pvax)
-   [VAXstation 4000/VLC](#pvax2)
-   [VAXstation 4000 model 60](#pmariah)
-   [MicroVAX 3100 model 80](#waverley)
-   [VAXstation 4000 model 90](#cougar)
-   [VAX 4000/200 Systems](#spitfire)
-   [VAX 4000/300 Systems](#pele)

* * * * *

VAX-11/780 Systems
------------------

CPU-specific support for the VAX-11/780 family of systems originates
from 4.4BSD, and was modified for NetBSD by Anders Magnusson.

### Supported Hardware

The VAX-11/780 family is Digital's oldest VAX product, it was initially
announced in 1977. It includes the following models:

-   VAX-11/780
-   VAX-11/782 (Dual CPU version)
-   VAX-11/784 (Quad CPU version, very unusual)
-   VAX-11/785
-   VAX-11/787 (Dual CPU version)

VAX-11/780-family systems may include none, one or more of the following
hardware:

-   KA780 CPU (KA785 in 11/785)
-   MA780 Multiport memory
-   MS780 Memory
-   RH780 Massbus adapter
-   DW780 Unibus adapter
-   CI780 Computer Interconnect adapter
-   DR780 Interconnect adapter
-   A front-end PDP 11/03 with RX01 floppy

NetBSD/vax does *NOT* support the following hardware on 11/780-family
systems:

-   CI780 Computer Interconnect adapter
-   DR780 Interconnect adapter
-   The front-end RX01 floppy

*Because of lack of time and hardware to test and develop on, support
for these unsupported devices are unlikely to ever be written.*

NetBSD/vax also supports devices that can be connected to both the
Unibus and Massbus, as described on the [Massbus](massbus.html) and
[Unibus](unibus.html) hardware support pages.

### Known Bugs for the VAX-11/780 port:

-   NetBSD/vax can only use one CPU on multi-CPU machines

* * * * *

VAX-11/750 System
-----------------

CPU-specific support for the VAX-11/750 originates from 4.4BSD, and was
modified for NetBSD by Anders Magnusson.

### Supported Hardware

The VAX-11/750 minicomputer was announced in 1981. It was sold as a
cheaper variant of the expensive VAX-11/780 systems.

VAX-11/750 systems may include none, one or more of the following
hardware:

-   KA750 CPU
-   FP750 Floating point accelerator
-   MA750 Multiport memory
-   RH750 Massbus adapter
-   DW750 Unibus adapter
-   CI750 Computer Interconnect adapter
-   A TU58 attached to the main CPU.

NetBSD/vax does *NOT* support the following hardware on 11/750 systems:

-   CI750 Computer Interconnect adapter

*Because of lack of time and hardware to test and develop on, support
for the CI750 is unlikely to ever be written.*

NetBSD/vax also supports devices that can be connected to both the
Unibus and Massbus, as described on the [Massbus](massbus.html) and
[Unibus](unibus.html) hardware support pages.

### Known Bugs for the VAX-11/750 port:

-   The TU58 can only read tapes, and sometimes hangs the machine when
    accessed.

* * * * *

VAX 8600 and 8650 Systems
-------------------------

CPU-specific support for the VAX 8600 family of systems originates from
4.4BSD, and was modified for NetBSD by Anders Magnusson.

### Supported Hardware

The VAX 8600 was announced in 1984 as a successor of the VAX-11/785. It
uses the same system bus as the VAX-11/780. The models are:

-   VAX 8600
-   VAX 8650

VAX 8600-family systems may include none, one or more of the following
hardware:

-   KA860
-   RH780 Massbus adapter
-   DW780 Unibus adapter
-   CI780 Computer Interconnect adapter
-   A front-end PDP 11 with RL02 disk

NetBSD/vax does *NOT* support the following hardware on 11/780-family
systems:

-   CI780 Computer Interconnect adapter

NetBSD/vax also supports devices that can be connected to both the
Unibus and Massbus, as described on the [Massbus](massbus.html) and
[Unibus](unibus.html) hardware support pages.

* * * * *

VAX 8200-family Systems
-----------------------

CPU-specific support for the VAX 8200 family of systems originates from
4.4BSD, and was modified for NetBSD by Anders Magnusson.

### Supported Hardware

The VAX 8200 family was announced in 1984. It was the low-end of VAX
systems to support the new BI bus. The family includes the following
models:

-   VAX 8200
-   VAX 8250 (dual-CPU)
-   VAX 8300
-   VAX 8350 (dual-CPU)
-   VAXstation 8000

VAX 8200 family consists of a generic BI bus in which one or more CPU
are located. The only VAX 8200-specific device is a RX50 floppy used as
console media.

NetBSD/vax also supports devices that can be connected to the BI bus, as
described on the [BI bus](bibus.html) support page.

### Known Bugs for the VAX 8200 port:

-   NetBSD/vax can only make use of one CPU on multi-CPU machines

* * * * *

MicroVAX II and MicroVAX III Systems
------------------------------------

CPU-specific support for the MicroVAX II and MicroVAX III systems
originates from 4.4BSD. MicroVAX II was ported to NetBSD by Rick
Macklem, and MicroVAX III was ported by Anders Magnusson.

### Supported Hardware

The MicroVAX II was based on the first one-chip VAX, the 78032. It was
the successor to the MicroVAX I. In fact, at the time the 78032 was the
first 32-bit microprocessor with both memory management and floating
point on a single chip. MicroVAX III was the successor of the MicroVAX
II and was based on the CVAX (2nd generation) chip.

MicroVAX II and MicroVAX III systems may include none, one, or more of
the following hardware:

-   KA630 CPU (MicroVAX II)
-   KA650 CPU (MicroVAX III)
-   Q bus adapter
-   TK50 tape attached to the Q bus
-   RX50 or RX33 floppy attached to the Q bus
-   RD5x disk attached to the Q bus

NetBSD/vax also supports devices that can be connected to the Q-bus as
described on the [Q-bus](qbus.html) hardware support page.

* * * * *

MicroVAX 3200, 3300, 3400 and 3500 Systems
------------------------------------------

### Supported Hardware

The MicroVAX 3200, 3300, 3400 and 3500 have a motherboard with a Q bus
adapter attached to it. On the board the following devices may be
present:

-   KA650 CPU (CVAX chip)
-   LANCE ethernet controller
-   SII DSSI adapter
-   Q bus adapter

NetBSD/vax does *NOT* support the following hardware on any MicroVAX
3200, 3300, 3400 and 3500 systems:

-   SII DSSI adapter

NetBSD/vax also supports devices that can be connected to the Q-bus as
described on the [Q-bus](qbus.html) hardware support page.

### Known Bugs for the MicroVAX 3500 port:

-   The kernel may not be able to boot on machines with too old
    Microcode revision.

* * * * *

MicroVAX 3600, 3800 and 3900 Systems
------------------------------------

The MicroVAX 3600, 3800 and 3900 machines are very similar to the
MicroVAX III system, but they are in a quite different cabinet and
equipped with other hardware.

### Supported Hardware

The MicroVAX 3600, 3800 and 3900 have a KA650(-variant) as their CPU
(CVAX).

MicroVAX II and MicroVAX III systems may include none, one or more of
the following hardware:

-   KA650 CPU
-   Q bus adapter
-   TK70 tape attached to the Q bus.
-   RA81 or RA82 disk attached to the Q bus.

NetBSD/vax also supports devices that can be connected to the Q-bus as
described on the [Q-bus](qbus.html) hardware support page.

* * * * *

VAXstation 2000/MicroVAX 2000 Systems
-------------------------------------

Support for the VAXstation 2000 system was written by Bertram Barth.

### Supported Hardware

The MicroVAX 2000 and VAXstation 2000 are the same machine, only a strap
inside the cabinet (and eventually absence/presence of graphic card)
differentiates the two machines.

A MicroVAX 2000 system includes the following hardware:

-   KA410 CPU
-   RX33 or RX50 floppy on HDC9224 controller chip.
-   RD52, RD53 or RD54 disk on HDC9224 controller chip.
-   TZK50 tape drive on NCR5380 SCSI controller
-   LANCE AM7990 ethernet
-   Monochrome, 4- or 8-bitplane color graphics

NetBSD/vax does *NOT* support the following hardware on VAXstation 2000
systems:

-   4- or 8-bitplane color graphics
-   Floppy on the HDC9224 controller chip.

*Note!* Due to code cleanup, the floppy does not work on NetBSD-current.

### Known Bugs for the MicroVAX 2000 port:

-   The built-in RD5x disks are incredibly slow.

### Other links for the MicroVAX 2000:

-   [CrazyCam's MicroVAX and VAXstation 2000
    information](http://www.ar.com.au/~crazycam/2000.htm)

* * * * *

MicroVAX 3100 Systems
---------------------

MicroVAX 3100 is a server system that uses a CPU similar to the one in
the 2000 machines.

### Supported Hardware

The MicroVAX 3100 family can have different cache sizes and different
CPU speed, but are otherwise the same.

A MicroVAX 3100 system consists of:

-   KA41 CPU
-   LANCE AM7990 ethernet
-   One internal and one external NCR5380 SCSI controller bus
-   4-line DZ11-like asynchronous serial line adapter
-   8-line asynchronous serial line adapter

NetBSD/vax does *NOT* support the following hardware on MicroVAX 3100
systems:

-   8-line asynchronous serial line adapter

### Known Bugs for the MicroVAX 3100 port:

-   None right now.

* * * * *

VAXstation 3100 Systems
-----------------------

VAXstation 3100 is a workstation system that in most cases uses a CPU
that is similar to the one in the 2000 machines. VAXstation 3100/m76 CPU
support was written by Bertram Barth.

### Supported Hardware

The VAXstation 3100 series includes the following models:

-   VAXstation 3100/m10
-   VAXstation 3100/m20
-   VAXstation 3100/m30
-   VAXstation 3100/m38
-   VAXstation 3100/m40
-   VAXstation 3100/m48
-   VAXstation 3100/m76

VAXstation 3100-family systems may include the following hardware:

-   KA41, KA42, KA420 or KA43 CPU
-   LANCE AM7990 ethernet
-   4-line DZ11-like asynchronous serial line adapter
-   RX23, RX33 or RX50 floppy controller
-   MFM disk controller (RDxx disks)
-   One or two NCR5380 SCSI disk/tape controllers
-   Monochrome, 4- or 8-bitplane color graphics

NetBSD/vax does *NOT* support the following hardware on VAXstation
3100-family systems:

-   4- or 8-bitplane color graphics

*Note!* Due to code cleanup support for MFM disks and floppy is lost.
This is supposed to be fixed.

* * * * *

VAXstation 4000/VLC
-------------------

CPU-specific support for the VAXstation 4000/VLC was written by Michael
Kukat.

### Supported Hardware

The VAXstation 4000/VLC includes the following hardware:

-   KA48 CPU
-   LANCE AM7990 ethernet
-   NCR53C94 SCSI controller
-   LCG 4/8-bit color graphics controller
-   4-line DZ11-like asynchronous serial line adapter
-   AMD 79C30 ISDN controller (audio only)

NetBSD/vax does *NOT* support the following hardware on the VAXstation
4000/VLC system:

-   LCG 4/8-bit color graphics controller
-   AMD 79C30 ISDN controller (audio only)

* * * * *

VAXstation 4000 model 60
------------------------

CPU-specific support for the VAXstation 4000 model 60 was written by
Anders Magnusson.

### Supported Hardware

The VAXstation 4000 model 60 includes the following hardware:

-   KA46 CPU
-   LANCE AM7990 ethernet
-   NCR53C94 SCSI controller
-   LCG graphics controller
-   4-line DZ11-like asynchronous serial line adapter
-   AMD 79C30 ISDN controller (audio only)

NetBSD/vax does *NOT* support the following hardware on the VAXstation
4000 model 60 system:

-   LCG graphics controller
-   AMD 79C30 ISDN controller (audio only)

### Known Bugs for the VAXstation 4000 model 60 port:

-   Code to emulate the POLY{F,D,G,H} instructions is missing.

* * * * *

MicroVAX 3100 model 80
----------------------

CPU-specific support for the MicroVAX 3100 model 80 was written by
Anders Magnusson.

### Supported Hardware

The MicroVAX 3100 model 80 includes the following hardware:

-   KA47 CPU
-   LANCE AM7990 ethernet
-   NCR53C94 SCSI controller
-   4-line DZ11-like asynchronous serial line adapter

### Known Bugs for the MicroVAX 3100 model 80 port:

-   Code to emulate the POLY{F,D,G,H} instructions is missing.

* * * * *

VAXstation 4000 model 90
------------------------

CPU-specific support for the VAXstation 4000 model(s) 90,90A,96 system
was written by Anders Magnusson.

### Supported Hardware

The VAXstation 4000 model 90 includes the following hardware:

-   KA49 CPU
-   SGEC Second Generation Ethernet Controller
-   DZ-11-lookalike serial line controller
-   NCR53C94 SCSI controller
-   LCSPX color graphics
-   AMD 79C30 ISDN controller (audio only)
-   TURBOchannel extension

NetBSD/vax does *NOT* support the following hardware on the VAXstation
4000 model 90 system:

-   LCSPX color graphics
-   AMD 79C30 ISDN controller (audio only)
-   TURBOchannel extension

* * * * *

VAX 4000/200 Systems
--------------------

CPU-specific support for the VAX 4000/200 system was written by Michael
Kukat.

### Supported Hardware

The VAX 4000/200 includes the following hardware:

-   KA660 CPU
-   SGEC Second Generation Ethernet Controller
-   SHAC DSSI Disk controller
-   Qbus adapter

NetBSD/vax does *NOT* support the following hardware on the VAX 4000/200
system:

-   SHAC DSSI Disk controller

* * * * *

VAX 4000/300 Systems
--------------------

CPU-specific support for the VAX 4000/300 system was written by Michael
Kukat.

### Supported Hardware

The VAX 4000/300 includes the following hardware:

-   KA670 CPU
-   SGEC Second Generation Ethernet Controller
-   SHAC DSSI Disk controller
-   Qbus adapter

NetBSD/vax does *NOT* support the following hardware on the VAX 4000/300
system:

-   SHAC DSSI Disk controller

NetBSD/vax also supports devices that can be connected to the Q-bus as
described on the [Q-bus](qbus.html) hardware support page.

* * * * *

[Up to *NetBSD/vax Port Page*](./)

CVSweb for NetBSD wikisrc <wikimaster@NetBSD.org> software: FreeBSD-CVSweb