Annotation of wikisrc/ports/evbarm/raspberry_pi.mdwn, revision 1.141
1.1 jakllsch 1: [[!meta title="NetBSD/evbarm on Raspberry Pi"]]
1.141 ! nia 3: This page describes the NetBSD/evbarm port on [Raspberry Pi](http://www.raspberrypi.org) hardware. All [board variants](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raspberry_Pi#Specifications) earlier than the RPI4 are believed supported, and specific boards known to work are listed. We use e.g. "RPI2" to refer to "Raspberry Pi 2" to save precious bytes on this page.
1.39 wiki 4:
1.141 ! nia 5: Initial Raspberry Pi support was introduced in NetBSD 6.0. NetBSD 7.0 added complete support for the board, along with introducing support for the quad-core Raspberry Pi 2 board. Raspberry Pi 3 support was added for NetBSD 8. NetBSD 9 supports aarch64, meaning using the newer processors in 64-bit mode.
1.129 gdt 6:
1.3 wiki 7: [[images/raspberrypi.jpg]]
1.26 wiki 9: [[!toc levels=2]]
1.14 wiki 11: <small>([Raspberry Pi image](http://www.flickr.com/photos/42325803@N07/8118758647/) by Christopher Lee used under CC-By-2.0 license)</small>
1.3 wiki 12:
1.54 gdt 13: # What works (and what doesn't yet)
1.53 gdt 14:
1.123 gdt 15: "Works" is primarily relative to the earmv6hf-el and earmv7hf-el CPU targets (32-bit).
1.132 gdt 17: ## NetBSD 8
1.53 gdt 18:
1.102 gdt 19: - RPI1, RPI2, RPI2-1.2, RPI3, RPI3+ (except RPI3 builtin WiFi and bluetooth)
20: - RPI0 and RPI0W are expected to work (without WiFi, and one needs fdt files \todo where from?)
1.101 gdt 21: - multiple processors on RPI2/RPI3
1.74 gdt 22: - boots normally to multiuser, with FAT32 boot partition on uSD
23: - root filesystem can be uSD or USB-attached mass storage
1.53 gdt 24: - serial or graphics console (with EDID query / parsing)
1.74 gdt 25: - X11 via HDMI
26: - GPU (VCHIQ) - 3D and video decode. man page missing.
27: - USB host controller - dwctwo(4) and most devices work
28: - USB Ethernet - usmsc(4)
1.53 gdt 29: - DMA controller driver and sdhc(4) support
1.74 gdt 30: - RNG
1.53 gdt 31: - Audio: works. man page missing.
1.74 gdt 32: - GPIO
1.53 gdt 33: - I²C: works, could use enhancements, man page
34: - SPI: could use enhancements, man page
1.123 gdt 36: ## NetBSD 9
38: - aarch64 support (RPI3, and should work on all supported systems with 64-bit CPUs)
1.126 gdt 39: - RPI3 new SD host controller driver
1.123 gdt 40:
1.125 gdt 41: ## NetBSD current
1.53 gdt 42:
1.141 ! nia 43: - RPI3/RPI4 audio with aarch64 kernels
! 44: - Previously the driver was only included with 32-bit (ARMv7/ARMv6)
! 45: kernels and images due to the Broadcom code having 64-bit cleanliness
! 46: issues.
1.101 gdt 47: - RPI3 builtin bluetooth
1.127 gdt 48: - RPI3 and RPI0W builtin WiFi
1.141 ! nia 49: - RPI4 (using EDK2 UEFI firmware)
! 50: - RPI4 Ethernet (Broadcom GENETv5, genet(4))
1.125 gdt 51:
1.102 gdt 52: ## What needs documenting if it works
1.133 gdt 54: - (Everything listed in the previous section.)
1.102 gdt 55: - CM1
56: - CM3
57: - CM3lite
1.54 gdt 59: ## What needs work
1.53 gdt 60:
61: - USB (host); isochronous transfers.
1.105 gdt 62: - RPI0W Bluetooth Low Energy (probably)
1.141 ! nia 63: - DRM/KMS
1.53 gdt 64:
1.57 gdt 65: # CPU types
1.101 gdt 67: - RPI1 uses "earmv6hf".
1.109 gdt 68: - RPI0 uses "earmv6hf".
69: - RPI0W uses "earmv6hf".
1.101 gdt 70: - RPI2 uses "earmv7hf".
1.113 gdt 71: - RPI2-1.2 uses "earmv7hf" or "aarch64" (armv8 CPU hardware)
72: - RPI3 uses "earmv7hf" or "aarch64" (armv8 CPU hardware)
1.141 ! nia 73: - RPI4 uses "aarch64" (armv8 CPU hardware)
1.57 gdt 74:
1.101 gdt 75: Note that one can run a build of earmv6hf on the 2 and 3. There will still be a kernel7, built to use the 2/3 hardware, but with the armv6 instruction set.
1.96 gdt 76:
1.141 ! nia 77: In theory the code compiled for earmv7hf will be faster, but anecdotal experience is that it doesn't matter that much.
1.97 gdt 78:
1.130 gutterid 79: While the evbarm port has "eb" variants (for big-endian mode), the RPI systems do not support eb and these variants will not work. Systems built for older CPU architectures (earm, earmv4, earmv5) are not expected to work on RPI.
1.96 gdt 80:
1.141 ! nia 81: # Installation
! 83: The simplest way is to download the appropriate SD card image from the NetBSD mirrors:
! 85: - The Raspberry Pi 1 requires the ARMv6 [rpi.img.gz](http://nycdn.netbsd.org/pub/NetBSD-daily/netbsd-9/latest/evbarm-earmv6hf/binary/gzimg/rpi.img.gz).
! 86: - The Raspberry Pi 2-3 can use the standard ARMv7 [armv7.img.gz](https://nycdn.netbsd.org/pub/NetBSD-daily/netbsd-9/latest/evbarm-earmv7hf/binary/gzimg/armv7.img.gz) image.
! 87: - The Raspberry Pi 3 can also use [https://nycdn.netbsd.org/pub/NetBSD-daily/netbsd-9/latest/evbarm-aarch64/binary/gzimg/arm64.img.gz](arm64.img.gz).
! 89: Decompress it and write it to the SD card:
1.70 gdt 90:
1.141 ! nia 91: $ gunzip armv7.img.gz
! 92: $ dd if=armv7.img of=/dev/rld0d conv=sync bs=1m progress=1
! 94: If you're not using NetBSD, your operating system's dd command's arguments may vary. On Windows, try [Rawrite32](https://www.netbsd.org/~martin/rawrite32/).
! 96: The Raspberry Pi 4 requires the [UEFI firmware](https://github.com/pftf/RPi4/releases). Write the UEFI firmware to the SD card, and then insert an USB drive with the standard NetBSD `arm64.img` written to it. The Pi will then boot from USB.
! 98: The Raspberry Pi 3 can also [boot NetBSD from UEFI firmware](https://washbear.neocities.org/rpi3-netbsd-uefi.html), but the installation process is currently more complicated. However, there are some advantages, so you might want to try anyway.
1.53 gdt 99:
1.62 gdt 100: ## SD card structure
1.86 gdt 102: The Raspberry Pi looks for firmware and kernel.img on the first FAT32 MBR partition of the uSD card. A separate kernel (kernel7.img) is used on RPI2 and RPI3.
103: The NetBSD kernel will then find NetBSD MBR partition and within that the root disklabel partition, and use that FFS partition as the root filesystem.
1.62 gdt 104:
1.130 gutterid 105: A 2 GB card is the smallest workable size that the installation image will fit on. After the first boot, the system resizes the NetBSD root partition to fill the card. Note that swap is after /boot and before /, and not contained in the NetBSD fdisk partition. However, if you don't try to change the partition structure, this should not cause you any trouble.
1.63 gdt 106:
1.91 gdt 107: Note that SD cards generally have limited write tolerance, so you may wish to disable atime updates via the noatime option, as is done by the default installation.
1.141 ! nia 109: ## Building yourself
1.58 gdt 110:
1.95 gdt 111: Getting sources and building a release with build.sh is not special for evbarm. However, the evbarm port has a very large number of CPU types, compared to i386 and amd64 which have one each. The standard approach is to use -m to define MACHINE and -a to define MACHINE_ARCH. build.sh supports aliases that can be passed as a MACHINE value, but denote both MACHINE and a MACHINE_ARCH. The third line uses an alias and is equal to the second, for RPI2/3. Note that the aliases start with "evb" while the MACHINE_ARCH values do not, and that aliases have "-el" or "-eb", while the MACHINE_ARCH values have no suffix or "eb".
1.66 gdt 112:
1.59 gdt 113: - ./build.sh -m evbarm -a earmv6hf -u release
114: - ./build.sh -m evbarm -a earmv7hf -u release
1.95 gdt 115: - ./build.sh -m evbearmv7hf-el -u release
1.81 gdt 116:
1.94 gdt 117: Consider setting RELEASEMACHINEDIR if you wish to build multiple MACHINE_ARCH values for a MACHINE; see build.sh. Use something like "evbarm-earmv7hf", so that 1) earvm6 and earmv7 don't collide and 2) anita will recognize it as a type of evbarm.
1.58 gdt 118:
1.89 gdt 119: ## Console approaches
121: The standard approach is to use a USB keyboard and an HDMI monitor for installation.
1.58 gdt 123: ### Serial Console
1.89 gdt 125: By default the rpi.img is set to use the HDMI output. If you wish to use a serial console, mount the FAT32 partition on another system and edit cmdline.txt and remove '"console=fb"'.
1.14 wiki 126:
1.127 gdt 127: - Most (all?) USB-to-TTL serial adapters have wires for TX, RX and ground, and not RTS/CTS or other flow control lines. Thus, your terminal program (or terminal) must be configured to not require flow control; a symptom of misconfiguration is that you see console output, but cannot type anything. If so, adjust your serial console application's flow control settings to "none". The serial port is at 115200 baud.
1.41 wiki 128:
1.127 gdt 129: - In Kermit, the commands are "set flow none", "set carrier-watch off", "set baud 115200", and, often on NetBSD, "set line /dev/dtyU0".
1.89 gdt 130: - In minicom, run "minicom -s" and set hardware flow control to "no".
1.41 wiki 131:
1.89 gdt 132: ### Enabling ssh for installation without any console
1.41 wiki 133:
1.89 gdt 134: If you want to enable ssh with the standard image, so that you can log in over the net without either a serial or HDMI console, you can edit the configuration of a uSD card before booting. On another computer, mount the ffs partition, place /root/.ssh/authorized_keys, uncomment PermitRootLogin in /etc/ssh/sshd_config, and comment out the rc_configure=NO in /etc/rc.conf. Besides having to find the IP address (e.g. from DHCP server logs), you will have to wait for the partition resizing and reboot.
1.65 gdt 135:
1.89 gdt 136: ### Installation with sshramdisk image
1.65 gdt 137:
1.89 gdt 138: build.sh (and hence the FTP site) also creates an image 'rpi_inst.img.gz' specifically for installation without HDMI or a serial console, when built for earmv6hf. Note that this image is much smaller and that you will need to fetch the sets over the network. To use this method, write that image to a uSD card as above, and then:
1.58 gdt 139:
1.89 gdt 140: - Connect an Ethernet cable from the RPI to a LAN with a DHCP server, and another host you can use for ssh.
141: - Power on the RPI, and wait. Watch the logs on the DHCP server, and find the IP address assigned to the RPI.
1.130 gutterid 142: - Use ssh to log in to the address you found with user "sysinst", and password "netbsd".
1.89 gdt 143: - When installing, ensure that you enable DHCP and ssh, so that you can log in again after the system is installed.
1.53 gdt 144:
1.107 gdt 145: The rpi_inst.img.gz image will only work for systems that use earmv6hf kernels (so not RPI2/3). See [this port-arm message](https://mail-index.netbsd.org/port-arm/2017/08/18/msg004374.html) for details.
1.55 gdt 147: ## Installation via ebijun's image
1.58 gdt 149: As an alternative to the standard installation images, Jun Ebihara
150: provides an install image for Raspberry Pi that includes packages. It
151: is based on NetBSD-current and is built for earmv6hf, and thus will
152: work on Raspberry Pi 1, 2 and 3. This image is typically updated
153: every few weeks.
1.55 gdt 154:
1.121 cnst 155: - <https://github.com/ebijun/NetBSD/blob/master/RPI/RPIimage/Image/README>
1.55 gdt 156:
1.137 gdt 157: ## Boot Process
1.138 gdt 161: ### DTBs
1.137 gdt 163: Note that generally, a single dtb is loaded. On NetBSD 9, the dtb
164: file for the system is loaded by the bootloader (in flash).
1.140 gdt 166: The RPI bootloader looks for a magic string in a trailer after the kernel to determine if it should use DTB support (the new normal) or something called ATAG (apparently the old way). See [upstream commit introducing DTB trailer](https://github.com/raspberrypi/linux/commit/2367d8a42e2717d8d15a39a9085cc2909fae033a#diff-8f088aca645d10d79b594d58db4136f3e09caee077fe373bb08f02f2040900a9) for more information.
1.138 gdt 167:
1.139 gdt 168: ### Kernel format variants
170: In netbsd-8, only the ELF and bin variants of RPI2 are built. The bin version is used.
172: In netbsd-9 releasedir/binary/kernels, the following 4 versions of GENERIC are produced. (This might be the same in current.)
174: #### netbsd-GENERIC.gz
176: This is regular ELF and not used on RPI.
178: #### netbsd-GENERIC.bin.gz
180: It is unclear why this file exists on 9. It seems to be like img, but without the trailer for DTB; this makes sense for 8.
182: #### netbsd-GENERIC.img.gz
184: On NetBSD >=9, the kernel with the .img suffix has the trailer to cause the bootloader to load DTB files.
186: #### netbsd-GENERIC.ub.gz
188: This is for u-boot and not used on RPI.
1.98 gdt 190: ## Configuring 802.11
1.139 gdt 191:
1.98 gdt 192: After installation, the Ethernet will function as on any other NetBSD system; simply enable dhcpcd or configure a static address. USB WiFi devices will also function as on any other NetBSD system; in addition to dhcpcd or static, configure and enable wpa_supplicant.
194: Note that the built-in WiFi in the RPI3 is not yet supported. USB WiFi interfaces (that work on NetBSD in general) should all work. In particular, the following are known to work:
196: - urtwn0: Realtek (0xbda) 802.11n WLAN Adapter (0x8176), rev 2.00/2.00, addr 5, MAC/BB RTL8188CUS, RF 6052 1T1R
1.90 gdt 198: ## Links
200: The following pages have been published by NetBSD community members. (Note that some of them are old.)
1.130 gutterid 202: - <https://www.cambus.net/netbsd-on-the-raspberry-pi/>
1.90 gdt 203:
1.74 gdt 204: # Maintaining a system
1.127 gdt 206: ## Booting single user
208: \todo Describe how to boot single user via the serial console and via the fb console.
1.78 gdt 210: ## vcgencmd
1.80 gdt 212: The program vcgencmd, referenced in the boot section, can be found in pkgsrc/misc/raspberrypi-userland.
1.78 gdt 213:
1.53 gdt 214: ## Updating the kernel
1.46 schmonz 215:
1.131 gdt 216: - Run uname -a to determine the name of the config of your current kernel. For NetBSD <= 8, one ran RPI or RPI2. For NetBSD >=9, one uses GENERIC.
217: - Build a new kernel, e.g. using build.sh. Ideally, run "build.sh release" and look in releasedir/binary/kernels. If building just a kernel, it will tell you where the ELF version of the kernel is, e.g.
1.42 wiki 218: ...
1.131 gdt 219: Kernels built from GENERIC:
1.42 wiki 221: ...
1.131 gdt 222: - There are multiple kernel formats produced by a release build, for use with different boot loader schemes.. For GENERIC:
223: - netbsd-GENERIC: A normal kernel in ELF format.
224: - netbsd-GENERIC.img: In NetBSD >= 9, formatted for the RPI bootloader.
225: - netbsd-GENERIC.bin: In NetBSD <= 8, formatted for the RPI bootloader. In NetBSD >= 9, ?????? In NetBSD 9, this kernel WILL NOT boot.
226: - netbsd-GENERIC.ub: A kernel in uboot format.
1.48 sevan 227: - Depending on your hardware version, copy this either to /boot/kernel.img (First generation Pi, Pi Zero hardware) or to /boot/kernel7.img (Pi 2, Pi 3 hardware)
1.42 wiki 228: - reboot
1.127 gdt 230: \todo Explain if updating firmware is necessary when e.g. moving from 8 to 9, or 9 to current.
1.131 gdt 232: ## Updating dtb files
1.137 gdt 234: ### NetBSD 8
1.141 ! nia 236: On NetBSD 8, dtb files are not used.
1.137 gdt 237:
238: ### NetBSD 9
1.136 gdt 240: Build a release. gunzip the armv7.img, vnconfig it, and mount the MSDOS partition (e) e.g. on /mnt. Copy the dtb files from /mnt/foo.dtb to /boot, and from /mnt/dtb/foo.dtb to /boot/dtb.
1.131 gdt 241:
1.135 gdt 242: It seems that some systems, including RPI, require dtb files in /boot, and some expect them in /boot/dtb.
1.137 gdt 244: ### NetBSD current
246: When updating, ensure that /boot is mounted and that you unpack the dtb set.
1.73 gdt 248: ## Updating the firmware
1.135 gdt 250: It is highly likely that running NetBSD from a given branch X with firmware from a branch Y < X will not go well. It is unclear if firmware from a branch Y > X will work. It is standard practice to use firmware from the right branch.
1.131 gdt 251:
1.73 gdt 252: A section below describes the process of updating NetBSD's copy of the firmware from upstream, with testing, by NetBSD developers. This section is about updating a system's firmware from the firmware in a version of NetBSD.
1.131 gdt 254: (Updating the firmware is harder than it should be.)
255: Build a release. gunzip the armv7.img, vnconfig it, and mount the MSDOS partition (e) e.g. on /mnt. Copy files from that to /boot that have changes, carefully.
257: Relevant files include bootcode.bin, start.elf and start_cd.elf.
259: Compare cmdline.txt, but beware that just overwriting it will lose customizations like using the serial console instead of the framebuffer.
1.127 gdt 261: \todo Explain where the firmware is in the source tree, and note that it is not in the installed system image (such as /usr/mdec). Explain how to update a system (presumably /boot) from either an installed system's new firmware files, or the source tree. Explain any particular cautions.
1.101 gdt 262:
1.99 gdt 263: \todo Explain if using updated firmware from one branch (e.g. netbsd-current) on a system using a different branch (e.g. netbsd-8) is safe. Explain if pullups are done to release branches with new firmware.
1.75 gdt 265: ## Booting
1.79 gdt 267: The device boots by finding a file "bootcode.bin". The primary location is a FAT32 partition on the uSD card, and an additional location is on a USB drive. See the [upstream documentation on booting](https://www.raspberrypi.org/documentation/hardware/raspberrypi/bootmodes/) and read all the subpages.
1.75 gdt 268:
1.112 gdt 269: The standard approach is to use a uSD card, with a fdisk partition table containing a FAT32 partition marked active, and a NetBSD partition. The NetBSD partition will then contain a disklabel, pointing to an FFS partition (a), a swap partition (b) and the FAT32 boot partition mounted as /boot (e). The file /boot/cmdline.txt has a line to set the root partition.
1.75 gdt 270:
1.112 gdt 271: One wrinkle in the standard approach is that the disk layout is "boot swap /", but the NetBSD fdisk partition starts at the location of /, so the swap partition is not within the NetBSD fdisk partition. The / partition can hold a disklabel, while swap cannot. It is normal to have swap after / (and thus within the fdisk partition), but the arrangement used permits growing / on first boot, for the typical case where a larger uSD is used, compared to the minimum image size.
1.75 gdt 272:
1.77 gdt 273: An alternate approach is to have the boot FAT32 partition as above, but to have the entire system including root on an external disk. This is configured by changing root=ld0a to root=sd0a or root=dk0 (depending on disklabel/GPT). Besides greater space, part of the point is to avoid writing to the uSD card.
1.75 gdt 274:
1.130 gutterid 275: A third approach, workable on the Pi 3 only, is to configure USB host booting (already enabled on the 3+; see the upstream documentation) and have the boot partition also on the external device. In this case the external device must have an MBR because the hardware's first-stage boot does not have GPT support. In theory the [procedure to program USB host boot mode](https://www.raspberrypi.org/documentation/hardware/raspberrypi/bootmodes/msd.md) will function on a NetBSD system because the programming is done by bootcode.bin.
1.80 gdt 276: \todo Confirm that putting program_usb_boot_mode=1 in config.txt and booting works to program the OTP bit. Confirm that one can then boot NetBSD from external USB.
1.75 gdt 277:
1.101 gdt 278: There is no well-defined USB enumeration order, so the preferred approach if one has multiple USB mass storage devices is to use named wedges in both fstab and cmdline.txt.
1.75 gdt 279:
1.113 gdt 280: ## Split-mode aarch32/aarch64
282: \todo Verify this, and add any necessary cautions about boot code.
1.130 gutterid 284: The aarch64 kernel can run aarch32 binaries, so one can boot an aarch64 kernel on a system with an aarch32 userland.
1.113 gdt 285:
1.93 gdt 286: # X11 and GPU
1.141 ! nia 288: Video acceleration currently only works with 32-bit (ARMv7 and ARMv6) kernels due to the Broadcom code not being 64-bit clean.
! 290: Since applications require specialized support for the GPU, only a few applications are normally accelerated. NetBSD/aarch64 normally uses `llvmpipe` to provide fast parallel CPU-driven support for OpenGL, so should be faster when running normal applications.
! 292: The situation should be improved, ideally by writing a DRM/KMS driver.
1.27 wiki 294: ## Video playback
1.128 gdt 295:
1.132 gdt 296: Accelerated video playback is supported with the [OMXPlayer](http://pkgsrc.se/multimedia/omxplayer) application and through GStreamer with the [omx](http://pkgsrc.se/multimedia/gst-plugins1-omx) plugin.
1.27 wiki 297:
298: ## OpenGL ES
1.128 gdt 299:
1.132 gdt 300: Accelerated OpenGL ES is supported. The GL ES client libraries are included with the [misc/raspberrypi-userland](http://pkgsrc.se/misc/raspberrypi-userland) package.
1.27 wiki 301:
1.28 wiki 302: ## Quake 3
1.128 gdt 303:
1.27 wiki 304: A Raspberry Pi optimized build of *ioquake3* is available in the [games/ioquake3-raspberrypi](http://pkgsrc.se/games/ioquake3-raspberrypi) package. To use it, the following additional resources are required:
306: - pak0.pk3 from Quake 3 CD
1.31 snj 307: - additional pak files from the [games/ioquake3-pk3](http://pkgsrc.se/games/ioquake3-pk3) package
1.27 wiki 308: - read/write permissions on /dev/vchiq and /dev/wsmouse
1.31 snj 310: Place the pak0.pk3 file in the /usr/pkg/lib/ioquake3/baseq3 directory.
1.27 wiki 311:
1.32 wiki 312: ## RetroArch / Libretro
1.128 gdt 313:
1.32 wiki 314: Using [emulators/retroarch](http://pkgsrc.se/emulators/retroarch) it is possible to run many emulators at full speed the Raspberry Pi. Emulator cores for various gaming consoles are available in the [emulators/libretro-*](http://pkgsrc.se/search.php?so=libretro-) packages. To begin using retroarch:
316: - Install [emulators/retroarch](http://pkgsrc.se/emulators/retroarch)
317: - Install the libretro core for the system you would like to emulate (lets take [emulators/libretro-gambatte](http://pkgsrc.se/emulators/libretro-gambatte), a GameBoy Color emulator, as an example).
1.118 nia 318: - Make sure your user has read and write permissions on `/dev/vchiq`.
319: - Plug in a USB HID compatible Gamepad, such as the Logitech F710 in "DirectInput" mode (set "D/X" switch to "D"). Note that since the framebuffer GL driver will not allow for keyboard input in RetroArch, you will have to copy your joypad configuration from another system.
320: - Configure retroarch by editing $HOME/.config/retroarch/retroarch.cfg:
321: video_driver = "gl"
322: input_driver = "null"
323: joypad_driver = "sdl2"
1.116 nia 324: menu_driver = "rgui"
1.32 wiki 325:
1.53 gdt 326: # Developer notes
1.50 gdt 327:
1.53 gdt 328: These notes are for people working on improvements to RPI support in NetBSD.
1.50 gdt 329:
1.72 gdt 330: ## Updating the firmware version in the NetBSD sources
1.50 gdt 331:
1.72 gdt 332: (Note that trying new firmware may result in a non-bootable system, so
333: be prepared to recover the bootable media with another system.)
1.50 gdt 334:
1.72 gdt 335: Upstream firmware releases are
336: [on GitHub](https://github.com/raspberrypi/firmware/releases).
337: Copy all files except `kernel*.img` into `/boot` and reboot.
339: New firmware should pass all of the following tests before being committed to NetBSD.
1.50 gdt 340:
1.53 gdt 341: - Audio
342: - OMXPlayer (and [[!template id=man name="vchiq"]])
343: - Serial/framebuffer console
344: - CPU frequency scaling
1.50 gdt 345:
1.92 gdt 346: Tests should be run on all of `rpi`.
1.94 gdt 347:
348: ## Testing with anita and qemu
1.111 gdt 350: See the anita section in the evbarm page.
1.94 gdt 351:
1.110 gdt 352: It is not currently known how to emulate a RPI in qemu, and therefore anita does not yet have support for this. \todo Add a command-line example to run qemu emulating some RPI model.
1.119 leot 353:
1.128 gdt 354: # Misc notes
1.119 leot 355:
356: Miscellaneous notes about Raspberry PI.
358: ## Power supply needed (or: why there is a little rainbow square in the top-right corner?)
1.128 gdt 359:
1.119 leot 360: Raspberry Pi devices are powered by 5V micro USB and a 2.5A (2500mA)
1.124 gdt 361: power supply is recommended. For more information please read:
1.119 leot 362:
365: Power glitches can also manifest in other ways, e.g. with an USB
366: disk plugged:
368: [[!template id=programlisting text="""
369: sd0(umass0:0:0:0): generic HBA error
370: sd0: cache synchronization failed
1.124 gdt 373: Using a recommended power supply avoid such issues.
1.119 leot 374:
375: ## Xenon death flash (Raspberry Pi 2 is camera-shy)
1.128 gdt 376:
1.119 leot 377: When using laser pointers or xenon flashes in cameras (or other
378: flashes of high-intensity long-wave light) against a Raspberry Pi
379: 2 the Pi can power itself off.
380: For more information please read:
CVSweb for NetBSD wikisrc <wikimaster@NetBSD.org> software: FreeBSD-CVSweb