Diff for /wikisrc/ports/evbarm/raspberry_pi.mdwn between versions 1.94 and 1.100

version 1.94, 2018/11/06 17:18:38 version 1.100, 2018/11/06 18:16:43
Line 50  Initial, limited, Raspberry Pi support w Line 50  Initial, limited, Raspberry Pi support w
  - Raspberry Pi 3 uses "earmv7hf".   - Raspberry Pi 3 uses "earmv7hf".
  - Raspberry Pi Zero W uses "\todo".   - Raspberry Pi Zero W uses "\todo".
   
 Note that one can run earmv6hf code on the 2 and 3.  See also  Note that one can run earmv6hf userland code on the 2 and 3.  In theory the code compiled for earmv7hf will be faster. \todo Benchmark and explain.  \todo Explain if one can run the earmv6hf RPI2 kernel on RPI1.  \todo Explain if the earmv6hf rpi.img.gz will run on a RPI2/3.
 [[NetBSD/aarch64|aarch64]] for running the Pi 2/3 in 64-bit mode.  
   \todo Explain if one can run "eb" variants.  (However, using eb is likely to find more bugs because almost everyone uses el.  That can either be a reason to run it or not run it.)
   
   \todo Explain if systems built with earm or earmv5 will work on RPI or RPI2/3.
   
   See also [[NetBSD/aarch64|aarch64]] for running the Pi 2/3 in 64-bit mode.
   
 # Installation  # Installation
   
Line 66  Note that SD cards generally have limite Line 71  Note that SD cards generally have limite
   
 ## Choosing a version  ## Choosing a version
   
 First, decide if you want to install a formal release (7.2 or 8.0), a stable branch build (netbsd-7, netbsd-8), or NetBSD-current.  For people who don't know how to choose among those, 8.0 or netbsd-8 is probably best.  First, decide if you want to install a formal release (7.2 or 8.0), a stable branch build (netbsd-7, netbsd-8), or NetBSD-current.  For people who don't know how to choose among those, a recent build of netbsd-8 is probably best, with 8.0 the choice for those who value being at exactly a formal release.
   
 See also "ebijun's image", below, which is NetBSD-current and includes packages.  See also "ebijun's image", below, which is NetBSD-current and includes packages.
   
 ## Getting bits to install  ## Getting bits to install
   
 You can either build a release yourself with build.sh, or get one from the NetBSD FTP servers.  You can either build a release yourself with build.sh, or get a release from the NetBSD HTTPS/FTP servers.  The bits from both sources should match, except for things like  timestamps, or because the sources are from slightly different points along branches.
   
 Both will provide rpi.img.gz and rpi_inst.img.gz.  Each is an image to be written to a uSD card, and has a FAT32 partition for booting.  In rpi.img.gz, there is also an FFS partition for NetBSD.  
   
 ### Building yourself  ### Building yourself
   
 Getting sources and building a release with build.sh is not special for evbarm.  However, the evbarm port has a very large number of CPU types, compared to i386 and amd64 which have one.  The standard approach is to use -m to define MACHINE and -a to define MACHINE_ARCH.  build.sh supports aliases that can be passed as a MACHINE value, but denote both MACHINE and a MACHINE_ARCH.   The third line uses an alias and is equal to the second in effect, for RPI2/3.  Getting sources and building a release with build.sh is not special for evbarm.  However, the evbarm port has a very large number of CPU types, compared to i386 and amd64 which have one each.  The standard approach is to use -m to define MACHINE and -a to define MACHINE_ARCH.  build.sh supports aliases that can be passed as a MACHINE value, but denote both MACHINE and a MACHINE_ARCH.   The third line uses an alias and is equal to the second, for RPI2/3.  Note that the aliases start with "evb" while the MACHINE_ARCH values do not, and that aliases have "-el" or "-eb", while the MACHINE_ARCH values have no suffix or "eb".
   
  - ./build.sh -m evbarm -a earmv6hf -u release   - ./build.sh -m evbarm -a earmv6hf -u release
  - ./build.sh -m evbarm -a earmv7hf -u release   - ./build.sh -m evbarm -a earmv7hf -u release
  - ./build.sh -m earmv7hf-el -u release   - ./build.sh -m evbearmv7hf-el -u release
   
 Consider setting RELEASEMACHINEDIR if you wish to build multiple MACHINE_ARCH values for a MACHINE; see build.sh.  Use something like "evbarm-earmv7hf", so that 1) earvm6 and earmv7 don't collide and 2) anita will recognize it as a type of evbarm.  Consider setting RELEASEMACHINEDIR if you wish to build multiple MACHINE_ARCH values for a MACHINE; see build.sh.  Use something like "evbarm-earmv7hf", so that 1) earvm6 and earmv7 don't collide and 2) anita will recognize it as a type of evbarm.
   
 ### NetBSD autobuild HTTPS/FTP servers  ### NetBSD autobuild HTTPS/FTP servers
   
 NetBSD provides nightly builds on [nyftp.netbsd.org](https://nyftp.netbsd.org/pub/NetBSD-daily/).  These are equivalent to building yourself.  The next directory level is the branch being built (netbsd-7, netbsd-8, HEAD, and more), plus optionally things like compiler type.  It is followed by date/time, e.g. "HEAD/201811051650Z"; once a build is complete the symlink "latest" is adjusted to point to it.  The next level is "${MACHINE}-${MACHINE_ARCH}", e.g. "evbarm-earmv7hf", and multiple combinations are provided.  NetBSD provides nightly builds on [nyftp.netbsd.org](https://nyftp.netbsd.org/pub/NetBSD-daily/).  The next directory level is the branch being built (netbsd-7, netbsd-8, HEAD, and more), plus optionally things like compiler type.  It is followed by date/time, e.g. "HEAD/201811051650Z"; once a build is complete the symlink "latest" is adjusted to point to it.  The next level is "${MACHINE}-${MACHINE_ARCH}", e.g. "evbarm-earmv7hf", and multiple combinations are provided.
   
   An example URL, arguably the standard approach for first-time NetBSD/RPI users, is https://nyftp.netbsd.org/pub/NetBSD-daily/netbsd-8/latest/evbarm-earmv7hf/binary/gzimg/
   
   ### release layout
   
   Once you get to the releasedir, self-built and autobuild releases have the same structure.
   
  - The 'evbarm-earmv6hf/binary/gzimg/' directory contains an rpi.img file that will run on any of the RPI boards.   - The 'evbarm-earmv6hf/binary/gzimg/' directory contains an rpi.img file that will run on any of the RPI boards.
  - The 'evbarm-earmv7hf/binary/gzimg/' directory contains an armv7.img file that uses the armv7 instruction set, and thus can run only on the Raspberry Pi 2/3, but is also faster than rpi.img.   - The 'evbarm-earmv7hf/binary/gzimg/' directory contains an armv7.img file that uses the armv7 instruction set, and thus can run only on the Raspberry Pi 2/3.
   
 An example URL, arguably the standard approach for beginners, is https://nyftp.netbsd.org/pub/NetBSD-daily/netbsd-8/latest/evbarm-earmv7hf/binary/gzimg/  \todo Explain why there is no armv7_inst.gz.
   
 ## Preparing a uSD card  ## Preparing a uSD card
   
Line 140  every few weeks. Line 149  every few weeks.
   
  - [https://github.com/ebijun/NetBSD/blob/master/RPI/RPIimage/Image/README](https://github.com/ebijun/NetBSD/blob/master/RPI/RPIimage/Image/README)   - [https://github.com/ebijun/NetBSD/blob/master/RPI/RPIimage/Image/README](https://github.com/ebijun/NetBSD/blob/master/RPI/RPIimage/Image/README)
   
   ## Configuring 802.11
   
   After installation, the Ethernet will function as on any other NetBSD system; simply enable dhcpcd or configure a static address.  USB WiFi devices will also function as on any other NetBSD system; in addition to dhcpcd or static, configure and enable wpa_supplicant.
   
   Note that the built-in WiFi in the RPI3 is not yet supported.   USB WiFi interfaces (that work on NetBSD in general) should all work.  In particular, the following are known to work:
   
    - urtwn0: Realtek (0xbda) 802.11n WLAN Adapter (0x8176), rev 2.00/2.00, addr 5, MAC/BB RTL8188CUS, RF 6052 1T1R
   
 ## Links  ## Links
   
 The following pages have been published by NetBSD community members.  (Note that some of them are old.)  The following pages have been published by NetBSD community members.  (Note that some of them are old.)
Line 171  A section below describes the process of Line 188  A section below describes the process of
   
 \todo Explain where the firmware is in the source tree, and if it is in the installed system image (such as /usr/mdec).  Explain how to update a system (presumably /boot) from either an installed system's new firmware files, or the source tree.  Explain any particular cautions.  \todo Explain where the firmware is in the source tree, and if it is in the installed system image (such as /usr/mdec).  Explain how to update a system (presumably /boot) from either an installed system's new firmware files, or the source tree.  Explain any particular cautions.
   
   \todo Explain if using updated firmware from one branch (e.g. netbsd-current) on a system using a different branch (e.g. netbsd-8) is safe.  Explain if pullups are done to release branches with new firmware.
   
 ## Booting  ## Booting
   
 The device boots by finding a file "bootcode.bin".   The primary location is a FAT32 partition on the uSD card, and an additional location is on a USB drive.  See the [upstream documentation on booting](https://www.raspberrypi.org/documentation/hardware/raspberrypi/bootmodes/) and read all the subpages.  The device boots by finding a file "bootcode.bin".   The primary location is a FAT32 partition on the uSD card, and an additional location is on a USB drive.  See the [upstream documentation on booting](https://www.raspberrypi.org/documentation/hardware/raspberrypi/bootmodes/) and read all the subpages.
Line 186  A third approach, workable on the Pi 3 o Line 205  A third approach, workable on the Pi 3 o
   
 \todo Explain USB enumeration and how to ensure that the correct boot and root devices are found if one has e.g. a small SSD for the system and a big disk.  \todo Explain USB enumeration and how to ensure that the correct boot and root devices are found if one has e.g. a small SSD for the system and a big disk.
   
 # Wireless Networking  
   
 Note that the built-in WiFi in the RPI3 is not yet supported.   USB WiFi interfaces (that work on NetBSD in general) should all work.  
   
  - A Realtek 802.11n USB adaptor configures as urtwn(4).  
    - Configure with wpa_supplicant in /etc/rc.conf -  
   
            ifconfig_urtwn0=dhcp  
            dhcpcd=YES  
            dhcpcd_flags="-q -b"  
            wpa_supplicant=YES  
            wpa_supplicant_flags="-B -i urtwn0 -c /etc/wpa_supplicant.conf"  
    - A sample wpa_supplicant.conf can be found at /usr/share/examples/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf  
   
 # X11 and GPU  # X11 and GPU
   
 ## Console font  ## Console font
Line 264  anita has support for evbarm.  Install q Line 269  anita has support for evbarm.  Install q
   
 \todo Explain how to select various RPI models to emulate.  \todo Explain how to select various RPI models to emulate.
 \todo Explain about how DTB works.  \todo Explain about how DTB works.
   \todo Give a command line example to run qemu (without anita).

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