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[[!meta title="NetBSD/evbarm under QEMU"]]

This page attempts to document running NetBSD/evbarm under the
[QEMU]( open source processor emulator.
This can be extremely useful for development and testing.

# Requirements
* qemu 4.1.0 or higher
* disk image
  * [NetBSD 9.x armv7](
  * [NetBSD 9.x arm64](
* Tianocore EDK2 firmware
  * [QEMU_EFI.fd for armv7](
  * [QEMU_EFI.fd for arm64](

# Installing QEMU on NetBSD
You can install latest qemu with the following commands.
It is assumed that your pkgsrc tree is in /usr/pkgsrc directory.

    # cd /usr/pkgsrc/emulators/qemu
    # make install

# Preparing the disk image

The disk image (armv7.img.gz or arm64.img.gz) must first be uncompressed. The *qemu-img* tool can then resize the image to the desired size. On first boot, NetBSD will grow the root file-system to match the size of the disk.

    $ gunzip arm64.img.gz
    $ qemu-img resize arm64.img 20g

# Booting the system (arm64)

    $ qemu-system-aarch64 -M virt -cpu cortex-a53 -smp 4 -m 4g \
          -drive if=none,file=arm64.img,id=hd0 -device virtio-blk-device,drive=hd0 \
          -netdev type=user,id=net0 -device virtio-net-device,netdev=net0,mac=00:11:22:33:44:55 \
          -bios QEMU_EFI.fd -nographic

# Booting the system (armv7)

    $ qemu-system-arm -M virt -cpu cortex-a15 -smp 4 -m 2g \
          -drive if=none,file=armv7.img,id=hd0 -device virtio-blk-device,drive=hd0 \
          -netdev type=user,id=net0 -device virtio-net-device,netdev=net0,mac=00:11:22:33:44:55 \
          -bios QEMU_EFI.fd -nographic

# Enabling graphics support
To enable graphics support, remove the following command-line argument:


and replace it with:

    -device ramfb -device nec-usb-xhci,id=xhci -device usb-mouse,bus=xhci.0 -device usb-kbd,bus=xhci.0

# Bridged networking

To bridge a QEMU guest to your network, you need to create a tap(4) interface for your VM, then connect it to a physical interface with a bridge(4) interface.

The following example assumes NetBSD as a host OS, and a physical interface named *bge0*.

[[!template  id=filecontent name="/etc/ifconfig.bridge0" text="""
descr "LAN VM bridge" up
!brconfig bridge0 add bge0

[[!template  id=filecontent name="/etc/ifconfig.tap0" text="""
link f2:0b:a4:d1:f2:69 descr "NetBSD Arm64 VM" up
!brconfig bridge0 add tap0

Then replace the *-netdev* part of the qemu command with:

    -net nic -net tap,ifname=tap0,script=no

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