File:  [NetBSD Developer Wiki] / wikisrc / ports / evbarm / allwinner.mdwn
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Sat Nov 24 19:13:29 2018 UTC (2 years, 5 months ago) by wiki
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web commit by jmcneill: Update ref to 32-bit kernel config (GENERIC instead of SUNXI now), and update min. U-Boot version to 2018.05

    1: [[!meta title="NetBSD/evbarm on Allwinner Technology SoCs"]]
    2: 
    3: NetBSD supports many boards based on Allwinner SoCs. Starting with NetBSD 8.0, FDT is used to configure devices. As a result, a large number of boards and configurations can be supported with a single kernel.
    4: 
    5: <img src="https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DIRGmsOXcAEJu-j.jpg" width="300">
    6: <img src="https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DJYA7SCXUAEvEQk.jpg" width="300">
    7: 
    8: [[!toc levels=2]]
    9: 
   10: # Supported SoCs
   11: 
   12: <table>
   13:   <thead>
   14:     <tr>
   15:       <th>Family</th>
   16:       <th>SoC</th>
   17:       <th>NetBSD version</th>
   18:       <th>Example boards</th>
   19:       <th>Notes</th>
   20:     </tr>
   21:   </thead>
   22:   <tbody>
   23:     <tr><td>sun4i</td><td>A10</td><td>8.99.3 and later</td><td><a href="https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A10/A10-OLinuXino-LIME/open-source-hardware">Olimex A10-OLinuXino-LIME</a><td></td></tr>
   24:     <tr><td>sun5i</td><td>A10s</td><td>-</td><td></td></tr>
   25:     <tr><td>sun5i</td><td>A13</td><td>8.99.2 and later</td><td><a href="https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A13/A13-OLinuXino/open-source-hardware">Olimex A13-OLinuXino</a>, <a href="https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A13/A13-OLinuXino-MICRO/open-source-hardware">Olimex A13-OLinuXino-MICRO</a></td></tr>
   26:     <tr><td>sun5i</td><td>GR8</td><td>8.99.5</td><td><a href="https://getchip.com/pages/chippro">C.H.I.P. Pro</a></td><td></td></tr>
   27:     <tr><td>sun5i</td><td>R8</td><td>8.99.2 and later</td><td><a href="https://getchip.com/pages/chip">C.H.I.P.</a>, <a href="https://getchip.com/pages/pocketchip">Pocket C.H.I.P.</a></td><td></td></tr>
   28:     <tr><td>sun6i</td><td>A31</td><td>7.0 and later</td><td><a href="http://linux-sunxi.org/Merrii_Hummingbird_A31">Merrii Hummingbird A31</a></td><td></td></tr>
   29:     <tr><td>sun6i</td><td>A31s</td><td>-</td><td></td><td></td></tr>
   30:     <tr><td>sun7i</td><td>A20</td><td>7.0 and later</td><td><a href="https://linux-sunxi.org/Cubietech_Cubieboard2">Cubietech Cubieboard 2</a>, <a href="https://linux-sunxi.org/Cubietruck">Cubietech Cubietruck</a>, <a href="http://linux-sunxi.org/LeMaker_Banana_Pi">LeMaker Banana Pi</a></td><td></td></tr>
   31:     <tr><td>sun8i</td><td>A23</td><td>-</td><td></td></tr>
   32:     <tr><td>sun8i</td><td>A33</td><td>-</td><td><a href="https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A33/A33-OLinuXino/open-source-hardware">Olimex A33-OLinuXino</a></td></tr>
   33:     <tr><td>sun8i</td><td>R40</td><td>-</td><td><a href="http://www.banana-pi.org/m2u.html">Sinovoip Banana Pi BPI-M2U</a></td></tr>
   34:     <tr><td>sun8i</td><td>A83T</td><td>8.0 and later</td><td><a href="http://www.banana-pi.org/m3.html">Sinovoip Banana Pi BPI-M3</a></td><td></td></tr>
   35:     <tr><td>sun8i</td><td>H2+</td><td>8.0 and later</td><td><a href="http://www.orangepi.org/orangepizero/">Xunlong Orange Pi Zero</a></td><td></td></tr>
   36:     <tr><td>sun8i</td><td>H3</td><td>8.0 and later</td><td><a href="http://nanopi.io/nanopi-neo.html">FriendlyARM NanoPi NEO</a>, <a href="http://www.orangepi.org/orangepiplus2e/">Xunlong Orange Pi Plus 2E</a></td><td></td></tr>
   37:     <tr><td>sun8i</td><td>V3s</td><td>-</td><td><a href="https://www.indiegogo.com/projects/licheepi-zero-6-extensible-linux-module-on-finger-wifi-diy#/">Lichee Pi Zero</a></td><td></td></tr>
   38:     <tr><td>sun9i</td><td>A80</td><td>8.0 and later</td><td><a href="http://linux-sunxi.org/Cubietech_Cubieboard4">Cubietech Cubieboard 4</a></td><td></td></tr>
   39:     <tr><td>sun50i</td><td>A64</td><td>8.99.2 and later</td><td><a href="https://www.pine64.org/?page_id=1194">Pine64</a>, <a href="https://www.pine64.org/?page_id=3707">Pinebook</a></td><td></td></tr>
   40:     <tr><td>sun50i</td><td>H5</td><td>8.99.4 and later</td><td><a href="http://www.friendlyarm.com/index.php?route=product/product&path=69&product_id=180">FriendlyARM NanoPi NEO2, <a href="http://www.friendlyarm.com/index.php?route=product/product&path=69&product_id=196">FriendlyARM NanoPi NEO Plus2</a></td><td></td></tr>
   41:     <tr><td>sun50i</td><td>H6</td><td>8.99.14 and later</td><td><a href="http://www.orangepi.org/OrangePiOneplus/">Orange Pi One Plus</a>, <a href="https://www.pine64.org/?product_cat=pine-h64-boards">Pine H64</a></td></tr>
   42:   </tbody>
   43: </table>
   44: 
   45: 
   46: # Supported hardware
   47: 
   48: Please refer to the [GENERIC (32-bit)](https://nxr.netbsd.org/xref/src/sys/arch/evbarm/conf/GENERIC) or [GENERIC64 (64-bit)](https://nxr.netbsd.org/xref/src/sys/arch/evbarm/conf/GENERIC64) kernel configs for the most up-to-date list of supported hardware.
   49: 
   50: <table>
   51:   <thead>
   52:     <tr>
   53:       <th>Device</th>
   54:       <th>Supported</th>
   55:       <th>Notes</th>
   56:     </tr>
   57:   </thead>
   58:   <tbody>
   59:     <tr><td>Audio codec</td><td>Yes</td><td>Supported on sun4i, sun5i, sun6i, sun7i, sun8i-h2+, sun8i-h3, sun50i-h5, sun50i-a64</td></tr>
   60:     <tr><td>CAN controller</td><td>Yes</td><td></td></tr>
   61:     <tr><td>Crypto engine</td><td>-</td><td></td></tr>
   62:     <tr><td>CSI</td><td>-</td><td></td></tr>
   63:     <tr><td>DMA</td><td>Yes</td><td></td></tr>
   64:     <tr><td>Fast Ethernet (sun4i/sun5i/sun7i)</td><td>Yes</td><td></td></tr>
   65:     <tr><td>Framebuffer</td><td>Yes</td><td>Uses simplefb configured by bootloader</td></tr>
   66:     <tr><td>Gigabit Ethernet (sun6i/sun7i/sun9i)</td><td>Yes</td><td></td></tr>
   67:     <tr><td>Gigabit Ethernet (sun8i/sun50i)</td><td>Yes</td><td></td></tr>
   68:     <tr><td>GPIO</td><td>Yes</td><td></td></tr>
   69:     <tr><td>GPU</td><td>-</td><td></td></tr>
   70:     <tr><td>I2C</td><td>Yes</td><td></td></tr>
   71:     <tr><td>I2S/PCM</td><td>Experimental</td><td></td></tr>
   72:     <tr><td>IR transceiver</td><td>-</td><td></td></tr>
   73:     <tr><td>NAND</td><td>Yes</td><td></td></tr>
   74:     <tr><td>P2WI/RSB</td><td>Yes</td><td></td></tr>
   75:     <tr><td>PCIe</td><td>-</td><td>H6</td></tr>
   76:     <tr><td>PWM</td><td>Yes</td><td></td></tr>
   77:     <tr><td>RTC</td><td>Yes</td><td></td></tr>
   78:     <tr><td>SATA</td><td>Yes</td><td></td></tr>
   79:     <tr><td>SD/MMC</td><td>Yes</td><td></td></tr>
   80:     <tr><td>SMP</td><td>Yes</td><td>PSCI</td></tr>
   81:     <tr><td>SPDIF</td><td>-</td><td></td></tr>
   82:     <tr><td>SPI</td><td>Yes</td><td></td></tr>
   83:     <tr><td>Thermal sensors</td><td>Yes</td><td></td></tr>
   84:     <tr><td>Touch screen</td><td>Yes</td><td></td></tr>
   85:     <tr><td>UART</td><td>Yes</td><td></td></tr>
   86:     <tr><td>USB 2.0</td><td>Yes</td><td></td></tr>
   87:     <tr><td>USB 3.0</td><td>Yes</td><td></td></tr>
   88:     <tr><td>USB OTG</td><td>Experimental</td><td></td></tr>
   89:     <tr><td>Watchdog timer</td><td>Yes</td><td></td></tr>
   90:   </tbody>
   91: </table>
   92: 
   93: # Installation
   94: 
   95: - Download or build **armv7.img** (32-bit) or **arm64.img** (64-bit) from NetBSD -current
   96: - Write the image to disk: **dd if=armv7.img of=/dev/rld0d bs=1m conv=sync**
   97: - Install a board-specific U-Boot (2018.05 or later) from pkgsrc to the SD card
   98:   (the `u-boot-sunxi-with-spl.bin`-s are provided by `sysutils/u-boot-<boardname>` packages):
   99:   **dd if=/usr/pkg/share/u-boot/&lt;boardname&gt;/u-boot-sunxi-with-spl.bin of=/dev/rld0d bs=1k seek=8 conv=sync**
  100: 
  101: If your SoC has a SATA controller and you would like to install on
  102: an hard disk and use a SD card only for u-boot please give a look
  103: to
  104: [[NetBSD/evbarm install via sysinst(8) on a SATA hard disk, USB stick or (u)SD card|ports/evbarm/install_using_sysinst]].
  105: 
  106: # Tips and tricks
  107: 
  108: ## Video overscan compensation
  109: 
  110: On some television models, the borders of the screen may be cut off. If your television doesn't have an option to disable overscan, you can enable overscan compensation by entering the following commands at the U-Boot prompt:
  111: 
  112:     setenv video-mode sunxi:1280x720-24,overscan_x=32,overscan_y=20
  113:     saveenv
  114:     reset
  115: 
  116: ## Pinebook function keys
  117: 
  118: The sleep (Fn+Esc), home (Fn+F1), volume down (Fn+F3), volume up (Fn+F4), and mute (Fn+F5) keys on the keyboard are mapped to uhid(4) devices.
  119: 
  120: Create the following config file:
  121: 
  122: [[!template  id=filecontent name="/etc/usbhidaction.conf" text="""
  123: Consumer:Consumer_Control.Consumer:Volume_Up                    1
  124:         mixerctl -n -w outputs.master++
  125: Consumer:Consumer_Control.Consumer:Volume_Down                  1
  126:         mixerctl -n -w outputs.master--
  127: Consumer:Consumer_Control.Consumer:Mute                         1
  128:         mixerctl -n -w outputs.mute++
  129: Consumer:Consumer_Control.Consumer:AC_Home                      1
  130:         /etc/powerd/scripts/hotkey_button AC_Home pressed
  131: Generic_Desktop:System_Control.Generic_Desktop:System_Sleep     1
  132:         /etc/powerd/scripts/sleep_button System_Sleep pressed
  133: """]]
  134: 
  135: Then start two copies of usbhidaction:
  136: 
  137: [[!template  id=programlisting text="""
  138: # /usr/bin/usbhidaction -c /etc/usbhidaction.conf -f /dev/uhid0 -i -p /var/run/usbhidaction-uhid0.pid 
  139: # /usr/bin/usbhidaction -c /etc/usbhidaction.conf -f /dev/uhid1 -i -p /var/run/usbhidaction-uhid1.pid 
  140: """]]
  141: 
  142: 
  143: # Links
  144: 
  145: - [[NetBSD/evbarm install via sysinst(8) on a SATA hard disk, USB stick or (u)SD card|ports/evbarm/install_using_sysinst]]

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