File:  [NetBSD Developer Wiki] / wikisrc / ports / evbarm.mdwn
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Thu Jun 27 17:30:46 2019 UTC (5 months, 2 weeks ago) by gdt
Branches: MAIN
CVS tags: HEAD
note that board-specific info has installation info

    1: [[!template id=port
    2: port="evbarm"
    3: port_alt="arm"
    4: port_var1="earm"
    5: port_var2="earmeb"
    6: port_var3="earmv6hf"
    7: port_var4="earmv7hf"
    8: port_var5="earmv7hfeb"
    9: port_var_install_notes="evbarm-earm"
   10: cur_rel="8.1"
   11: future_rel="9.0"
   12: changes_cur="8.1"
   13: changes_future="9.0"
   14: thumbnail="//www.netbsd.org/images/ports/evbarm/adi_brh.gif"
   15: about="""
   16: NetBSD/evbarm is the port of NetBSD to various evaluation and prototyping
   17: boards based on CPUs implementing the ARM architecture. NetBSD/evbarm also
   18: supports some specific embedded system products based on prototype board
   19: designs.
   20: 
   21: ### CPU types
   22: 
   23: The evbarm port can be built with a variety of CPU options, corresponding to the
   24: [large array of ARM CPU architectures](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARM_architecture#Cores).
   25: There are
   26: four main variables: the word size, the instruction set, the
   27: endianness, and whether there is hardware floating point.  By default
   28: the CPU type is "earm", and this implies aarch32 (32-bit), earmv5 cpu
   29: architecture, little endian (el when explicitly stated), and soft
   30: (Emulated) floating point.  Another example, suitable for Raspberry PI
   31: 2, is earmv7hf, which is aarch32, the v7 instruction set, little
   32: endian, and hardware floating point.
   33: 
   34: Typically, various boards are best compiled with a CPU type that
   35: matches the board's CPU and floating point support, but generally a
   36: lower CPU instruction set version is workable on a newer board.  See
   37: build.sh and look for aliases for the evbarm port.
   38: 
   39: Through NetBSD 8, the evbarm port has supported exclusively the
   40: aarch32 (32-bit CPU) sub-family of the ARM architecture.  Some
   41: processors, such as many supporting the armv8 CPU architecture, also
   42: support a 64-bit instruction set, referred to as aarch64.  This is
   43: sometimes referred to as a distinct port, [[NetBSD/aarch64|aarch64]],
   44: with code in src/sys/arch/aarch64, but it is built as the evbarm port
   45: with aarch64 cpu type, and available as the alias evbarm64.
   46: 
   47: Note that MACHINE_ARCH=aarch64 currently refers to the A64 instruction
   48: set and the aarch64 architecture, built for the armv8 architecture.
   49: (Note also that armv8 is the first architecture to support aarch64, so
   50: this will not be an issue until at least armv9.)
   51: 
   52: ### anita and qemu
   53: 
   54: anita can be used to test builds.  (In addition to anita, install qemu and dtb-arm-vexpress from pkgsrc.)   The release subdirectory should follow the naming convention on the autobuild cluster, used below.
   55: 
   56:  - evbarm-earmv7hf uses "qemu-system-arm -M vexpress-a15"
   57:  - evbarm-aarch64 uses "qemu-system-aarch64 -M virt"
   58:  - Information on how to test emulated versions of other specific hardware is welcome.
   59: 
   60: ### invisible.ca builds
   61: 
   62: NetBSD developer Jared McNeill provides [builds of NetBSD-current for a vast variety of hardware.](https://www.invisible.ca/arm/)   In addition to the standard build, these images have board-specific uboot contents.  See also /usr/pkgsrc/sysutils/u-boot*.
   63: 
   64: ### Board specific information (often including installation information)
   65:  - [[Allwinner sunxi family SoCs|Allwinner]]
   66:  - [[BeagleBone, BeagleBone Black, and PocketBeagle|BeagleBone]]
   67:  - [[NVIDIA Tegra|Tegra]]
   68:  - [[ODROID C1 and C1+|ODROID-C1]]
   69:  - [[Raspberry Pi 1, 2 and 3|Raspberry Pi]]
   70: 
   71: ### SSH configuration for installtion
   72: 
   73: The default configuration will connect to the local network via DHCP and
   74: run an SSH server. In order to use the SSH server, we must configure
   75: users. This can be done by writing to the SD card's MS-DOS partition.
   76: 
   77: Create a creds.txt file and use:
   78: 
   79:            useradd user password
   80: 
   81: <!--TODO: Additional configuration options are available on creds_msdos.8-->
   82: 
   83: """
   84: supported_hardware="""
   85: 
   86: **NOTE**: This list is incomplete. For a full list of boards, please see the [GENERIC DTS files](http://cvsweb.netbsd.org/bsdweb.cgi/~checkout~/src/sys/arch/evbarm/conf/GENERIC).
   87: 
   88: [[!toc startlevel=3]]
   89: 
   90: ### ADI Engineering **BRH** ("Big Red Head")
   91: 
   92: The BRH is an evaluation and development platform for the Intel **i80200**
   93: XScale processor. The BRH is based on ADI's **BECC** ("Big Endian Companion
   94: Chip"). The BRH is capable of both big- and little-endian operation, although
   95: NetBSD currently only supports little-endian operation.
   96: 
   97: Support for the BRH was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed by Wasabi
   98: Systems, Inc.
   99: 
  100:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial ports (_com_)
  101:  * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
  102:  * On-chip timer on the BECC (used as system clock)
  103:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI slot
  104: 
  105: The BRH comes with 128M of SDRAM. Systems with BECC revision 7 or less are
  106: limited to 64M due to the layout of the PCI DMA windows. Users of these
  107: systems should obtain an FPGA upgrade from ADI to revision 8 or later of the
  108: BECC.
  109: 
  110: ### Allwinner Technology
  111: Various boards based on [[Allwinner]] SoCs are supported, including the BananaPi, Cubieboard 2, Cubietruck, Cubieboard 4, and Merrii Hummingbird A31.
  112: 
  113: ### Arcom **Viper**
  114: 
  115: The Arcom Viper is a single board computer based on the PXA255 XScale
  116: processor.
  117: 
  118: Support for the Arcom Viper was written by Antti Kantee.
  119: 
  120:  * On-chip timers (_saost_ used as system clock)
  121:  * On-chip serial ports (_com_)
  122:  * On-board SMC91C111 ethernet (_sm_)
  123: 
  124: ### ARM, Ltd. **Integrator**
  125: 
  126: The Integrator/AP is an ATX form-factor board that is used for development of
  127: ARM processor-based designs. It supports up to four processors on plug-in core
  128: modules, and provides clocks, a bus interface, and interrupt support. The
  129: Integrator/AP also supports logic modules which provide additional
  130: peripherals, and can accommodate up to three PCI expansion cards. The
  131: Integrator/AP can also be inserted into a CompactPCI backplane.
  132: 
  133: Support for the Integrator was written by Richard Earnshaw, and contributed by
  134: ARM, Ltd.
  135: 
  136:  * PrimeCell PL010 UARTs in the System Controller FPGA (_plcom_)
  137:  * PrimeCell PL030 Real-time Clock in the System Controller FPGA (_plrtc_)
  138:  * PrimeCell PL181 MultiMedia Card Interface
  139:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI expansion slots
  140: 
  141: ### Atmark Techno **Armadillo-9**
  142: 
  143: The Armadillo-9 is a single board computer based on the EP9315 processor.
  144: 
  145: Support for the Armadillo-9 was written by Katsuomi Hamajima.
  146: 
  147:  * On-CPU RS232 UARTs (2) (_epcom_)
  148:  * On-CPU 10/100 Ethernet MAC (_epe_)
  149:  * system clock from on-CPU timers (_epclk_)
  150:  * CompactFlash socket (_eppcic_)
  151:  * USB 1.1 ports (_ohci_)
  152: 
  153: ### BeagleBoard.org **BeagleBoard** and **BeagleBoard-xM**
  154: The [[BeagleBoard]] is a low-power open-source hardware single-board computer from BeagleBoard.org.
  155: 
  156: ### BeagleBoard.org **BeagleBone** and **BeagleBone Black**
  157: The [[BeagleBone]] is a low-cost credit-card-sized computer from BeagleBoard.org.
  158: 
  159: ### Gumstix, Inc. **gumstix**
  160: 
  161: The [gumstix](http://www.gumstix.com/) is a small form-factor motherboard
  162: based on the PXA255 and PXA270 XScale processor. Supports only PXA255 now.
  163: 
  164: Support for the gumstix was written by KIYOHARA Takashi.
  165: 
  166:  * basix
  167:  * cfstix
  168:  * etherstix
  169:  * netCF
  170:  * netDUO
  171:  * netDUO-mmc
  172:  * netMMC
  173: 
  174: When booting, it is necessary to set these with u-boot dynamically.
  175: 
  176: <pre> > go 0xa0200000 busheader=basix</pre>
  177: 
  178:  * audiostix
  179:  * console-st (waysmall - STUART)
  180:  * console-hw (waysmall)
  181:  * GPSstix (GPS not test)
  182:  * tweener
  183: 
  184: ### Hardkernel ODROID-C1 and ODROID-C1+
  185: 
  186: The [[ODROID-C1]] is a quad core Cortex-A5 small form-factor board from Hardkernel co., Ltd.
  187: 
  188: ### Intel **DBPXA250** ("Lubbock")
  189: 
  190: DBPXA250 (a.k.a. Lubbock) is an evaluation and development platform for the
  191: Intel **PXA250** XScale Core application processor. More information about the **DBPXA250** can be found at [Intel website](http://www.intel.com/design/pca/applicationsprocessors/swsup/index.htm).
  192: 
  193: Support for the **DBPXA250** was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed
  194: by Genetec Corp.
  195: 
  196:  * On-chip timers (_saost_ used as system clock)
  197:  * On-chip 2 serial port (_com_)
  198:  * On-board SMC91C96 ethernet (_sm_)
  199:  * On-board SA-1111 StrongArm companion chip (_sacc_)
  200:  * PS/2 keyboard (_pckbd_)
  201:  * 640x480 LCD (_lcd_)
  202:  * PCMCIA and CF card slots
  203: 
  204: ### Intel **IQ31244**
  205: 
  206: The IQ31244 is a development platform for the Intel **IOP321** I/O Processor
  207: chipset and the Intel **i31244** SATA controller.
  208: 
  209: Initial support for the IQ31244 was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed
  210: by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
  211: 
  212:  * Quad on-board Intel i31244 SATA controllers on the PCI-X bus (_artsata_)
  213:  * On-board Intel i82546EB Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI-X bus (_wm_)
  214:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
  215:  * On-chip timers (TMR0 used as system clock)
  216:  * On-chip Application Accelerator Unit (_iopaau_)
  217:  * On-chip watchdog timer (_iopwdog_)
  218:  * On-board compact flash reader (_wdc_)
  219:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI-X expansion slot
  220: 
  221: ### Intel **IQ80310**
  222: 
  223: The IQ80310 is the reference platform for the Intel **IOP310** I/O Processor
  224: chipset, which is comprised of the i80200 XScale processor and the i80312 I/O
  225: Companion chip.
  226: 
  227: Support for the IQ80310 was written by Jason Thorpe and Allen Briggs, and
  228: contributed by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
  229: 
  230:  * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
  231:  * On-board timer in the CPLD (used as system clock)
  232:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial ports (_com_)
  233:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI expansion slots
  234: 
  235: ### Intel **IQ80321**
  236: 
  237: The IQ80321 is the reference platform for the Intel **IOP321** I/O Processor
  238: (i80321 XScale processor).
  239: 
  240: Support for the IQ80321 was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed by Wasabi
  241: Systems, Inc.
  242: 
  243:  * On-board Intel i82544EI Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI-X bus (_wm_)
  244:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
  245:  * On-chip timers (TMR0 used as system clock)
  246:  * On-chip Application Accelerator Unit (_iopaau_)
  247:  * On-chip watchdog timer (_iopwdog_)
  248:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI-X expansion slots
  249: 
  250: ### Intel **IXM1200**
  251: 
  252: The IXM1200 is the reference platform for the Intel **IXP1200** Network
  253: Processor.
  254: 
  255: Support for the IXM1200 was written by Ichiro FUKUHARA and Naoto Shimazaki.
  256: 
  257:  * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
  258:  * On-board Intel i21555 Non-Transparent PCI-PCI Bridge (_nppb_)
  259:  * On-chip timers (ixpclk0 used as system clock)
  260:  * On-chip serial port (_ixpcom_)
  261: 
  262: ### NOVATEC **NTNP425B** ("ZAO425")
  263: 
  264: NTNP425B is an evaluation and development platform for the Intel **IXP425**
  265: XScale Core NetworkProcessor. NTNP425B is based on the reference board of
  266: Intel **IXDP425**. The **NTNP425B** is capable of only big-endian operation.
  267: Since the library for micro-engine(NPE) offered from Intel Corp. is big-
  268: endian. More information about the **NTNP425B** can be found on [product
  269: catalogue of **NTNP425B**(2.5MB,PDF
  270: file)](http://www.novatec.co.jp/NTNP425BBrochureE.pdf).
  271: 
  272: Support for the NTNP425B was written by Ichiro FUKUHARA.
  273: 
  274:  * On-chip timers (_ixpclk0_ used as system clock)
  275:  * On-chip 2 serial port (_ixpcom0_ and _ixpcom1_)
  276:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI/mPCI slot
  277:  * On-chip watchdog timer (_ixpwdog_)
  278: 
  279: ### NVIDIA Tegra K1
  280: Support for NVIDIA [[Tegra]] K1 SoCs is present in NetBSD-current and
  281: 8.0_BETA. The Jetson TK1 board is currently supported.
  282: 
  283: ### Raspberry Pi Foundation **Raspberry Pi**/**Raspberry Pi 2**/**Raspberry Pi 3**
  284: The [[Raspberry Pi]] is a low-cost credit-card-sized computer from the Raspberry Pi Foundation.  The Raspberry Pi, Pi 2, and Pi 3 are supported.
  285: 
  286: ### Samsung **SMDK2410**
  287: 
  288: The SMDK2410 is the reference platform for the Samsung **S3C2410** processor,
  289: which has an ARM920T core.
  290: 
  291: More information on the S3C2410 can be found at [Samsung Electronics web page]
  292: (http://www.samsung.com/Products/Semiconductor/MobileSoC/ApplicationProcessor/
  293: ARM9Series/S3C2410/S3C2410.htm).
  294: 
  295: Support for the SMDK2410 was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed by
  296: Genetec Corp.
  297: 
  298:  * On-chip serial ports (_sscom_)
  299:  * On-chip USB host controller (_ohc_)
  300:  * On-chip timers (used as system clock)
  301:  * On-chip SPI (_ssspi_, used for other on-board devices)
  302:  * 240x320 TFT LCD (_lcd_)
  303:  * keyboard. (_sskbd_)
  304: 
  305: ### Samsung **SMDK2800**
  306: 
  307: The SMDK2800 is the reference platform for the **Samsung S3C2800** processor,
  308: which has an ARM920T core.
  309: 
  310: S3C2800 has built-in PCI controller, and SMDK2800 has three PCI slots.
  311: 
  312: Support for the SMDK2800 was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed by
  313: Fujitsu Component Ltd., and Genetec Corp.
  314: 
  315:  * On-chip serial ports (_sscom_)
  316:  * On-chip Host-PCI bridge (_sspci_)
  317:  * On-chip timers (used as system clock)
  318:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI slots
  319: 
  320: ### Team ASA, Inc. **Npwr**
  321: 
  322: The Npwr is an IOP310-based design targeted at the network-attached storage
  323: space. The Npwr comes in several configurations (single or dual Gigabit
  324: Ethernet, single or dual Ultra160 SCSI), and can be purchased as a bare board
  325: or as a small server appliance. More information on the Npwr can be found at
  326: the [Team ASA web page](http://www.teamasa.com/).
  327: 
  328: Support for the Npwr was written by Jason Thorpe and Allen Briggs, and
  329: contributed by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
  330: 
  331:  * On-board Intel i82544 Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI bus (_wm_)
  332:  * On-board LSI Logic 53c1010 Ultra160 SCSI on the PCI bus (_siop_)
  333:  * On-board timer in the CPLD (used as system clock)
  334:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
  335: 
  336: ### Technologic Systems **TS-7200**
  337: 
  338: The TS-7200 is a low-cost mass-produced PC/104 embedded single board computer
  339: intended as a general purpose core for real embedded applications. The TS-7200
  340: uses the Cirrus Logic EP9302 ARM9 system-on-chip and comes with a PC/104 (isa)
  341: bus and can either boot to CompactFlash or onboard flash. The board also has
  342: general purpose digital IO and optional multichannel analog-to-digital
  343: converters. More information on the TS-7200 can be found at [Technologic
  344: Systems](http://www.embeddedarm.com/epc/ts7200-spec-h.html).
  345: 
  346: Support for the TS-7200 was written by Jesse Off
  347: 
  348: * On-CPU RS232 UARTs (2) (_epcom_)
  349: * On-CPU 10/100 Ethernet MAC (_epe_)
  350: * CompactFlash socket (_wdc_)
  351: * USB 1.1 ports (2) (_ohci_)
  352: * Watchdog timer on CPLD (_tspld_)
  353: * TMP124 high precision temperature sensor via sysctl
  354: * 64Hz system clock from on-CPU timers (_epclk_)
  355: * HD44780 2x24 text mode LCD (_tslcd_)
  356: * 4x4 16 button matrix keypad (_wskbd_)
  357: * TS-5620 battery backed RTC daughter-card (_tsrtc_)
  358: * 1,2,4 port serial TS-SER daughter cards (_com_)
  359: * Up to 4 10Mb TS-ETH10 daughter cards (_tscs_)
  360: * Other devices inserted into the PC/104 (_isa_) expansion slot
  361: 
  362: """
  363: additional="""
  364:   * The [NetBSD Diskless HOWTO](http://www.netbsd.org/docs/network/netboot/)
  365:   * [ Porting NetBSD/evbarm to the Arcom Viper](http://www.cs.hut.fi/~pooka/pubs/EuroBSDCon2005/viper.pdf), presented at EuroBSDCon 2005.
  366: """
  367: ]]
  368: [[!tag tier1port]]

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