1: [[!template id=port
16: NetBSD/evbarm is the port of NetBSD to various evaluation and prototyping
17: boards based on CPUs implementing the ARM architecture. NetBSD/evbarm also
18: supports some specific embedded system products based on prototype board
21: ### CPU types
23: The evbarm port can be built with a variety of CPU options, corresponding to the
24: [large array of ARM CPU architectures](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARM_architecture#Cores).
25: There are
26: four main variables: the word size, the instruction set, the
27: endianness, and whether there is hardware floating point. By default
28: the CPU type is "earm", and this implies aarch32 (32-bit), earmv5 cpu
29: architecture, little endian (el when explicitly stated), and soft
30: (Emulated) floating point. Another example, suitable for Raspberry PI
31: 2, is earmv7hf, which is aarch32, the v7 instruction set, little
32: endian, and hardware floating point.
34: Typically, various boards are best compiled with a CPU type that
35: matches the board's CPU and floating point support, but generally a
36: lower CPU instruction set version is workable on a newer board. See
37: build.sh and look for aliases for the evbarm port.
39: Through NetBSD 8, the evbarm port has supported exclusively the
40: aarch32 (32-bit CPU) sub-family of the ARM architecture. Some
41: processors, such as many supporting the armv8 CPU architecture, also
42: support a 64-bit instruction set, referred to as aarch64. This is
43: sometimes referred to as a distinct port, [[NetBSD/aarch64|aarch64]],
44: with code in src/sys/arch/aarch64, but it is built as the evbarm port
45: with aarch64 cpu type, and available as the alias evbarm64.
47: Note that MACHINE_ARCH=aarch64 currently refers to the A64 instruction
48: set and the aarch64 architecture, built for the armv8 architecture.
49: (Note also that armv8 is the first architecture to support aarch64, so
50: this will not be an issue until at least armv9.)
52: ### anita and qemu
54: anita can be used to test builds. (In addition to anita, install qemu and dtb-arm-vexpress from pkgsrc.) The release subdirectory should follow the naming convention on the autobuild cluster, used below.
56: - evbarm-earmv7hf uses "qemu-system-arm -M vexpress-a15"
57: - evbarm-aarch64 uses "qemu-system-aarch64 -M virt"
58: - Information on how to test emulated versions of other specific hardware is welcome.
60: ### invisible.ca builds
62: NetBSD developer Jared McNeill provides [builds of NetBSD-current for a vast variety of hardware.](https://www.invisible.ca/arm/) In addition to the standard build, these images have board-specific uboot contents. See also /usr/pkgsrc/sysutils/u-boot*.
64: ### Board specific information
65: - [[Allwinner sunxi family SoCs|Allwinner]]
66: - [[BeagleBone, BeagleBone Black, and PocketBeagle|BeagleBone]]
67: - [[NVIDIA Tegra|Tegra]]
68: - [[ODROID C1 and C1+|ODROID-C1]]
69: - [[Raspberry Pi 1, 2 and 3|Raspberry Pi]]
71: ### SSH configuration for installtion
73: The default configuration will connect to the local network via DHCP and
74: run an SSH server. In order to use the SSH server, we must configure
75: users. This can be done by writing to the SD card's MS-DOS partition.
77: Create a creds.txt file and use:
79: useradd user password
81: <!--TODO: Additional configuration options are available on creds_msdos.8-->
86: **NOTE**: This list is incomplete. For a full list of boards, please see the [GENERIC DTS files](http://cvsweb.netbsd.org/bsdweb.cgi/~checkout~/src/sys/arch/evbarm/conf/GENERIC).
88: [[!toc startlevel=3]]
90: ### ADI Engineering **BRH** ("Big Red Head")
92: The BRH is an evaluation and development platform for the Intel **i80200**
93: XScale processor. The BRH is based on ADI's **BECC** ("Big Endian Companion
94: Chip"). The BRH is capable of both big- and little-endian operation, although
95: NetBSD currently only supports little-endian operation.
97: Support for the BRH was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed by Wasabi
98: Systems, Inc.
100: * On-board NS16550-compatible serial ports (_com_)
101: * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
102: * On-chip timer on the BECC (used as system clock)
103: * Other devices inserted into the PCI slot
105: The BRH comes with 128M of SDRAM. Systems with BECC revision 7 or less are
106: limited to 64M due to the layout of the PCI DMA windows. Users of these
107: systems should obtain an FPGA upgrade from ADI to revision 8 or later of the
110: ### Allwinner Technology
111: Various boards based on [[Allwinner]] SoCs are supported, including the BananaPi, Cubieboard 2, Cubietruck, Cubieboard 4, and Merrii Hummingbird A31.
113: ### Arcom **Viper**
115: The Arcom Viper is a single board computer based on the PXA255 XScale
118: Support for the Arcom Viper was written by Antti Kantee.
120: * On-chip timers (_saost_ used as system clock)
121: * On-chip serial ports (_com_)
122: * On-board SMC91C111 ethernet (_sm_)
124: ### ARM, Ltd. **Integrator**
126: The Integrator/AP is an ATX form-factor board that is used for development of
127: ARM processor-based designs. It supports up to four processors on plug-in core
128: modules, and provides clocks, a bus interface, and interrupt support. The
129: Integrator/AP also supports logic modules which provide additional
130: peripherals, and can accommodate up to three PCI expansion cards. The
131: Integrator/AP can also be inserted into a CompactPCI backplane.
133: Support for the Integrator was written by Richard Earnshaw, and contributed by
134: ARM, Ltd.
136: * PrimeCell PL010 UARTs in the System Controller FPGA (_plcom_)
137: * PrimeCell PL030 Real-time Clock in the System Controller FPGA (_plrtc_)
138: * PrimeCell PL181 MultiMedia Card Interface
139: * Other devices inserted into the PCI expansion slots
141: ### Atmark Techno **Armadillo-9**
143: The Armadillo-9 is a single board computer based on the EP9315 processor.
145: Support for the Armadillo-9 was written by Katsuomi Hamajima.
147: * On-CPU RS232 UARTs (2) (_epcom_)
148: * On-CPU 10/100 Ethernet MAC (_epe_)
149: * system clock from on-CPU timers (_epclk_)
150: * CompactFlash socket (_eppcic_)
151: * USB 1.1 ports (_ohci_)
153: ### BeagleBoard.org **BeagleBoard** and **BeagleBoard-xM**
154: The [[BeagleBoard]] is a low-power open-source hardware single-board computer from BeagleBoard.org.
156: ### BeagleBoard.org **BeagleBone** and **BeagleBone Black**
157: The [[BeagleBone]] is a low-cost credit-card-sized computer from BeagleBoard.org.
159: ### Gumstix, Inc. **gumstix**
161: The [gumstix](http://www.gumstix.com/) is a small form-factor motherboard
162: based on the PXA255 and PXA270 XScale processor. Supports only PXA255 now.
164: Support for the gumstix was written by KIYOHARA Takashi.
166: * basix
167: * cfstix
168: * etherstix
169: * netCF
170: * netDUO
171: * netDUO-mmc
172: * netMMC
174: When booting, it is necessary to set these with u-boot dynamically.
176: <pre> > go 0xa0200000 busheader=basix</pre>
178: * audiostix
179: * console-st (waysmall - STUART)
180: * console-hw (waysmall)
181: * GPSstix (GPS not test)
182: * tweener
184: ### Hardkernel ODROID-C1 and ODROID-C1+
186: The [[ODROID-C1]] is a quad core Cortex-A5 small form-factor board from Hardkernel co., Ltd.
188: ### Intel **DBPXA250** ("Lubbock")
190: DBPXA250 (a.k.a. Lubbock) is an evaluation and development platform for the
191: Intel **PXA250** XScale Core application processor. More information about the **DBPXA250** can be found at [Intel website](http://www.intel.com/design/pca/applicationsprocessors/swsup/index.htm).
193: Support for the **DBPXA250** was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed
194: by Genetec Corp.
196: * On-chip timers (_saost_ used as system clock)
197: * On-chip 2 serial port (_com_)
198: * On-board SMC91C96 ethernet (_sm_)
199: * On-board SA-1111 StrongArm companion chip (_sacc_)
200: * PS/2 keyboard (_pckbd_)
201: * 640x480 LCD (_lcd_)
202: * PCMCIA and CF card slots
204: ### Intel **IQ31244**
206: The IQ31244 is a development platform for the Intel **IOP321** I/O Processor
207: chipset and the Intel **i31244** SATA controller.
209: Initial support for the IQ31244 was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed
210: by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
212: * Quad on-board Intel i31244 SATA controllers on the PCI-X bus (_artsata_)
213: * On-board Intel i82546EB Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI-X bus (_wm_)
214: * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
215: * On-chip timers (TMR0 used as system clock)
216: * On-chip Application Accelerator Unit (_iopaau_)
217: * On-chip watchdog timer (_iopwdog_)
218: * On-board compact flash reader (_wdc_)
219: * Other devices inserted into the PCI-X expansion slot
221: ### Intel **IQ80310**
223: The IQ80310 is the reference platform for the Intel **IOP310** I/O Processor
224: chipset, which is comprised of the i80200 XScale processor and the i80312 I/O
225: Companion chip.
227: Support for the IQ80310 was written by Jason Thorpe and Allen Briggs, and
228: contributed by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
230: * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
231: * On-board timer in the CPLD (used as system clock)
232: * On-board NS16550-compatible serial ports (_com_)
233: * Other devices inserted into the PCI expansion slots
235: ### Intel **IQ80321**
237: The IQ80321 is the reference platform for the Intel **IOP321** I/O Processor
238: (i80321 XScale processor).
240: Support for the IQ80321 was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed by Wasabi
241: Systems, Inc.
243: * On-board Intel i82544EI Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI-X bus (_wm_)
244: * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
245: * On-chip timers (TMR0 used as system clock)
246: * On-chip Application Accelerator Unit (_iopaau_)
247: * On-chip watchdog timer (_iopwdog_)
248: * Other devices inserted into the PCI-X expansion slots
250: ### Intel **IXM1200**
252: The IXM1200 is the reference platform for the Intel **IXP1200** Network
255: Support for the IXM1200 was written by Ichiro FUKUHARA and Naoto Shimazaki.
257: * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
258: * On-board Intel i21555 Non-Transparent PCI-PCI Bridge (_nppb_)
259: * On-chip timers (ixpclk0 used as system clock)
260: * On-chip serial port (_ixpcom_)
262: ### NOVATEC **NTNP425B** ("ZAO425")
264: NTNP425B is an evaluation and development platform for the Intel **IXP425**
265: XScale Core NetworkProcessor. NTNP425B is based on the reference board of
266: Intel **IXDP425**. The **NTNP425B** is capable of only big-endian operation.
267: Since the library for micro-engine(NPE) offered from Intel Corp. is big-
268: endian. More information about the **NTNP425B** can be found on [product
269: catalogue of **NTNP425B**(2.5MB,PDF
272: Support for the NTNP425B was written by Ichiro FUKUHARA.
274: * On-chip timers (_ixpclk0_ used as system clock)
275: * On-chip 2 serial port (_ixpcom0_ and _ixpcom1_)
276: * Other devices inserted into the PCI/mPCI slot
277: * On-chip watchdog timer (_ixpwdog_)
279: ### NVIDIA Tegra K1
280: Support for NVIDIA [[Tegra]] K1 SoCs is present in NetBSD-current and
281: 8.0_BETA. The Jetson TK1 board is currently supported.
283: ### Raspberry Pi Foundation **Raspberry Pi**/**Raspberry Pi 2**/**Raspberry Pi 3**
284: The [[Raspberry Pi]] is a low-cost credit-card-sized computer from the Raspberry Pi Foundation. The Raspberry Pi, Pi 2, and Pi 3 are supported.
286: ### Samsung **SMDK2410**
288: The SMDK2410 is the reference platform for the Samsung **S3C2410** processor,
289: which has an ARM920T core.
291: More information on the S3C2410 can be found at [Samsung Electronics web page]
295: Support for the SMDK2410 was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed by
296: Genetec Corp.
298: * On-chip serial ports (_sscom_)
299: * On-chip USB host controller (_ohc_)
300: * On-chip timers (used as system clock)
301: * On-chip SPI (_ssspi_, used for other on-board devices)
302: * 240x320 TFT LCD (_lcd_)
303: * keyboard. (_sskbd_)
305: ### Samsung **SMDK2800**
307: The SMDK2800 is the reference platform for the **Samsung S3C2800** processor,
308: which has an ARM920T core.
310: S3C2800 has built-in PCI controller, and SMDK2800 has three PCI slots.
312: Support for the SMDK2800 was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed by
313: Fujitsu Component Ltd., and Genetec Corp.
315: * On-chip serial ports (_sscom_)
316: * On-chip Host-PCI bridge (_sspci_)
317: * On-chip timers (used as system clock)
318: * Other devices inserted into the PCI slots
320: ### Team ASA, Inc. **Npwr**
322: The Npwr is an IOP310-based design targeted at the network-attached storage
323: space. The Npwr comes in several configurations (single or dual Gigabit
324: Ethernet, single or dual Ultra160 SCSI), and can be purchased as a bare board
325: or as a small server appliance. More information on the Npwr can be found at
326: the [Team ASA web page](http://www.teamasa.com/).
328: Support for the Npwr was written by Jason Thorpe and Allen Briggs, and
329: contributed by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
331: * On-board Intel i82544 Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI bus (_wm_)
332: * On-board LSI Logic 53c1010 Ultra160 SCSI on the PCI bus (_siop_)
333: * On-board timer in the CPLD (used as system clock)
334: * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
336: ### Technologic Systems **TS-7200**
338: The TS-7200 is a low-cost mass-produced PC/104 embedded single board computer
339: intended as a general purpose core for real embedded applications. The TS-7200
340: uses the Cirrus Logic EP9302 ARM9 system-on-chip and comes with a PC/104 (isa)
341: bus and can either boot to CompactFlash or onboard flash. The board also has
342: general purpose digital IO and optional multichannel analog-to-digital
343: converters. More information on the TS-7200 can be found at [Technologic
346: Support for the TS-7200 was written by Jesse Off
348: * On-CPU RS232 UARTs (2) (_epcom_)
349: * On-CPU 10/100 Ethernet MAC (_epe_)
350: * CompactFlash socket (_wdc_)
351: * USB 1.1 ports (2) (_ohci_)
352: * Watchdog timer on CPLD (_tspld_)
353: * TMP124 high precision temperature sensor via sysctl
354: * 64Hz system clock from on-CPU timers (_epclk_)
355: * HD44780 2x24 text mode LCD (_tslcd_)
356: * 4x4 16 button matrix keypad (_wskbd_)
357: * TS-5620 battery backed RTC daughter-card (_tsrtc_)
358: * 1,2,4 port serial TS-SER daughter cards (_com_)
359: * Up to 4 10Mb TS-ETH10 daughter cards (_tscs_)
360: * Other devices inserted into the PC/104 (_isa_) expansion slot
364: * The [NetBSD Diskless HOWTO](http://www.netbsd.org/docs/network/netboot/)
365: * [ Porting NetBSD/evbarm to the Arcom Viper](http://www.cs.hut.fi/~pooka/pubs/EuroBSDCon2005/viper.pdf), presented at EuroBSDCon 2005.
368: [[!tag tier1port]]
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