1: [[!template id=port
16: NetBSD/evbarm is the port of NetBSD to various evaluation and prototyping
17: boards based on CPUs implementing the ARM architecture. NetBSD/evbarm also
18: supports some specific embedded system products based on prototype board
21: ### CPU types
23: The evbarm port can be built with a variety of CPU options, corresponding to the
24: [large array of ARM CPU architectures](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARM_architecture#Cores).
25: There are
26: four main variables: the word size, the instruction set, the
27: endianness, and whether there is hardware floating point. By default
28: the CPU type is "earm", and this implies aarch32 (32-bit), earmv5 cpu
29: architecture, little endian (el when explicitly stated), and soft
30: (Emulated) floating point. Another example, suitable for Raspberry PI
31: 2, is earmv7hf, which is aarch32, the v7 instruction set, little
32: endian, and hardware floating point.
34: Typically, various boards are best compiled with a CPU type that
35: matches the board's CPU and floating point support, but generally a
36: lower CPU instruction set version is workable on a newer board. See
37: build.sh and look for aliases for the evbarm port.
39: Through NetBSD 8, the evbarm port has supported exclusively the
40: aarch32 (32-bit CPU) sub-family of the ARM architecture. Some
41: processors, such as many supporting the armv8 CPU architecture, also
42: support a 64-bit instruction set, referred to as aarch64. This is
43: sometimes referred to as a distinct port, [[NetBSD/aarch64|aarch64]],
44: with code in src/sys/arch/aarch64, but it is built as the evbarm port
45: with aarch64 cpu type, and available as the alias evbarm64.
47: Note that MACHINE_ARCH=aarch64 currently refers to the A64 instruction
48: set and the aarch64 architecture, built for the armv8 architecture.
49: (Note also that armv8 is the first architecture to support aarch64, so
50: this will not be an issue until at least armv9.)
52: ### anita and qemu
54: anita can be used to test builds. (In addition to anita, install qemu and dtb-arm-vexpress from pkgsrc.) The release subdirectory should follow the naming convention on the autobuild cluster, used below.
56: - evbarm-earmv7hf uses "qemu-system-arm -M vexpress-a15"
57: - evbarm-aarch64 uses "qemu-system-aarch64 -M virt"
58: - Information on how to test emulated versions of other specific hardware is welcome.
60: ### invisible.ca builds
62: NetBSD developer Jared McNeill provides [builds of NetBSD-current for a vast variety of hardware.](https://www.invisible.ca/arm/) In addition to the standard build, these images have board-specific uboot contents. See also /usr/pkgsrc/sysutils/u-boot*.
64: ### Board specific information
65: - [[Allwinner sunxi family SoCs|Allwinner]]
66: - [[BeagleBone, BeagleBone Black, and PocketBeagle|BeagleBone]]
67: - [[NVIDIA Tegra|Tegra]]
68: - [[ODROID C1 and C1+|ODROID-C1]]
69: - [[Raspberry Pi 1, 2 and 3|Raspberry Pi]]
73: ### SSH configuration for installtion
75: The default configuration will connect to the local network via DHCP and
76: run an SSH server. In order to use the SSH server, we must configure
77: users. This can be done by writing to the SD card's MS-DOS partition.
79: Create a creds.txt file and use:
81: useradd user password
83: <!--TODO: Additional configuration options are available on creds_msdos.8-->
87: **NOTE**: This list is incomplete. For a full list of boards, please see the [GENERIC DTS files](http://cvsweb.netbsd.org/bsdweb.cgi/~checkout~/src/sys/arch/evbarm/conf/GENERIC).
89: [[!toc startlevel=3]]
91: ### ADI Engineering **BRH** ("Big Red Head")
93: The BRH is an evaluation and development platform for the Intel **i80200**
94: XScale processor. The BRH is based on ADI's **BECC** ("Big Endian Companion
95: Chip"). The BRH is capable of both big- and little-endian operation, although
96: NetBSD currently only supports little-endian operation.
98: Support for the BRH was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed by Wasabi
99: Systems, Inc.
101: * On-board NS16550-compatible serial ports (_com_)
102: * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
103: * On-chip timer on the BECC (used as system clock)
104: * Other devices inserted into the PCI slot
106: The BRH comes with 128M of SDRAM. Systems with BECC revision 7 or less are
107: limited to 64M due to the layout of the PCI DMA windows. Users of these
108: systems should obtain an FPGA upgrade from ADI to revision 8 or later of the
111: ### Allwinner Technology
112: Various boards based on [[Allwinner]] SoCs are supported, including the BananaPi, Cubieboard 2, Cubietruck, Cubieboard 4, and Merrii Hummingbird A31.
114: ### Arcom **Viper**
116: The Arcom Viper is a single board computer based on the PXA255 XScale
119: Support for the Arcom Viper was written by Antti Kantee.
121: * On-chip timers (_saost_ used as system clock)
122: * On-chip serial ports (_com_)
123: * On-board SMC91C111 ethernet (_sm_)
125: ### ARM, Ltd. **Integrator**
127: The Integrator/AP is an ATX form-factor board that is used for development of
128: ARM processor-based designs. It supports up to four processors on plug-in core
129: modules, and provides clocks, a bus interface, and interrupt support. The
130: Integrator/AP also supports logic modules which provide additional
131: peripherals, and can accommodate up to three PCI expansion cards. The
132: Integrator/AP can also be inserted into a CompactPCI backplane.
134: Support for the Integrator was written by Richard Earnshaw, and contributed by
135: ARM, Ltd.
137: * PrimeCell PL010 UARTs in the System Controller FPGA (_plcom_)
138: * PrimeCell PL030 Real-time Clock in the System Controller FPGA (_plrtc_)
139: * PrimeCell PL181 MultiMedia Card Interface
140: * Other devices inserted into the PCI expansion slots
142: ### Atmark Techno **Armadillo-9**
144: The Armadillo-9 is a single board computer based on the EP9315 processor.
146: Support for the Armadillo-9 was written by Katsuomi Hamajima.
148: * On-CPU RS232 UARTs (2) (_epcom_)
149: * On-CPU 10/100 Ethernet MAC (_epe_)
150: * system clock from on-CPU timers (_epclk_)
151: * CompactFlash socket (_eppcic_)
152: * USB 1.1 ports (_ohci_)
154: ### BeagleBoard.org **BeagleBoard** and **BeagleBoard-xM**
155: The [[BeagleBoard]] is a low-power open-source hardware single-board computer from BeagleBoard.org.
157: ### BeagleBoard.org **BeagleBone** and **BeagleBone Black**
158: The [[BeagleBone]] is a low-cost credit-card-sized computer from BeagleBoard.org.
160: ### Gumstix, Inc. **gumstix**
162: The [gumstix](http://www.gumstix.com/) is a small form-factor motherboard
163: based on the PXA255 and PXA270 XScale processor. Supports only PXA255 now.
165: Support for the gumstix was written by KIYOHARA Takashi.
167: * basix
168: * cfstix
169: * etherstix
170: * netCF
171: * netDUO
172: * netDUO-mmc
173: * netMMC
175: When booting, it is necessary to set these with u-boot dynamically.
177: <pre> > go 0xa0200000 busheader=basix</pre>
179: * audiostix
180: * console-st (waysmall - STUART)
181: * console-hw (waysmall)
182: * GPSstix (GPS not test)
183: * tweener
185: ### Hardkernel ODROID-C1 and ODROID-C1+
187: The [[ODROID-C1]] is a quad core Cortex-A5 small form-factor board from Hardkernel co., Ltd.
189: ### Intel **DBPXA250** ("Lubbock")
191: DBPXA250 (a.k.a. Lubbock) is an evaluation and development platform for the
192: Intel **PXA250** XScale Core application processor. More information about the **DBPXA250** can be found at [Intel website](http://www.intel.com/design/pca/applicationsprocessors/swsup/index.htm).
194: Support for the **DBPXA250** was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed
195: by Genetec Corp.
197: * On-chip timers (_saost_ used as system clock)
198: * On-chip 2 serial port (_com_)
199: * On-board SMC91C96 ethernet (_sm_)
200: * On-board SA-1111 StrongArm companion chip (_sacc_)
201: * PS/2 keyboard (_pckbd_)
202: * 640x480 LCD (_lcd_)
203: * PCMCIA and CF card slots
205: ### Intel **IQ31244**
207: The IQ31244 is a development platform for the Intel **IOP321** I/O Processor
208: chipset and the Intel **i31244** SATA controller.
210: Initial support for the IQ31244 was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed
211: by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
213: * Quad on-board Intel i31244 SATA controllers on the PCI-X bus (_artsata_)
214: * On-board Intel i82546EB Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI-X bus (_wm_)
215: * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
216: * On-chip timers (TMR0 used as system clock)
217: * On-chip Application Accelerator Unit (_iopaau_)
218: * On-chip watchdog timer (_iopwdog_)
219: * On-board compact flash reader (_wdc_)
220: * Other devices inserted into the PCI-X expansion slot
222: ### Intel **IQ80310**
224: The IQ80310 is the reference platform for the Intel **IOP310** I/O Processor
225: chipset, which is comprised of the i80200 XScale processor and the i80312 I/O
226: Companion chip.
228: Support for the IQ80310 was written by Jason Thorpe and Allen Briggs, and
229: contributed by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
231: * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
232: * On-board timer in the CPLD (used as system clock)
233: * On-board NS16550-compatible serial ports (_com_)
234: * Other devices inserted into the PCI expansion slots
236: ### Intel **IQ80321**
238: The IQ80321 is the reference platform for the Intel **IOP321** I/O Processor
239: (i80321 XScale processor).
241: Support for the IQ80321 was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed by Wasabi
242: Systems, Inc.
244: * On-board Intel i82544EI Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI-X bus (_wm_)
245: * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
246: * On-chip timers (TMR0 used as system clock)
247: * On-chip Application Accelerator Unit (_iopaau_)
248: * On-chip watchdog timer (_iopwdog_)
249: * Other devices inserted into the PCI-X expansion slots
251: ### Intel **IXM1200**
253: The IXM1200 is the reference platform for the Intel **IXP1200** Network
256: Support for the IXM1200 was written by Ichiro FUKUHARA and Naoto Shimazaki.
258: * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
259: * On-board Intel i21555 Non-Transparent PCI-PCI Bridge (_nppb_)
260: * On-chip timers (ixpclk0 used as system clock)
261: * On-chip serial port (_ixpcom_)
263: ### NOVATEC **NTNP425B** ("ZAO425")
265: NTNP425B is an evaluation and development platform for the Intel **IXP425**
266: XScale Core NetworkProcessor. NTNP425B is based on the reference board of
267: Intel **IXDP425**. The **NTNP425B** is capable of only big-endian operation.
268: Since the library for micro-engine(NPE) offered from Intel Corp. is big-
269: endian. More information about the **NTNP425B** can be found on [product
270: catalogue of **NTNP425B**(2.5MB,PDF
273: Support for the NTNP425B was written by Ichiro FUKUHARA.
275: * On-chip timers (_ixpclk0_ used as system clock)
276: * On-chip 2 serial port (_ixpcom0_ and _ixpcom1_)
277: * Other devices inserted into the PCI/mPCI slot
278: * On-chip watchdog timer (_ixpwdog_)
280: ### NVIDIA Tegra K1
281: Support for NVIDIA [[Tegra]] K1 SoCs is present in NetBSD-current and
282: 8.0_BETA. The Jetson TK1 board is currently supported.
284: ### Raspberry Pi Foundation **Raspberry Pi**/**Raspberry Pi 2**/**Raspberry Pi 3**
285: The [[Raspberry Pi]] is a low-cost credit-card-sized computer from the Raspberry Pi Foundation. The Raspberry Pi, Pi 2, and Pi 3 are supported.
287: ### Samsung **SMDK2410**
289: The SMDK2410 is the reference platform for the Samsung **S3C2410** processor,
290: which has an ARM920T core.
292: More information on the S3C2410 can be found at [Samsung Electronics web page]
296: Support for the SMDK2410 was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed by
297: Genetec Corp.
299: * On-chip serial ports (_sscom_)
300: * On-chip USB host controller (_ohc_)
301: * On-chip timers (used as system clock)
302: * On-chip SPI (_ssspi_, used for other on-board devices)
303: * 240x320 TFT LCD (_lcd_)
304: * keyboard. (_sskbd_)
306: ### Samsung **SMDK2800**
308: The SMDK2800 is the reference platform for the **Samsung S3C2800** processor,
309: which has an ARM920T core.
311: S3C2800 has built-in PCI controller, and SMDK2800 has three PCI slots.
313: Support for the SMDK2800 was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed by
314: Fujitsu Component Ltd., and Genetec Corp.
316: * On-chip serial ports (_sscom_)
317: * On-chip Host-PCI bridge (_sspci_)
318: * On-chip timers (used as system clock)
319: * Other devices inserted into the PCI slots
321: ### Team ASA, Inc. **Npwr**
323: The Npwr is an IOP310-based design targeted at the network-attached storage
324: space. The Npwr comes in several configurations (single or dual Gigabit
325: Ethernet, single or dual Ultra160 SCSI), and can be purchased as a bare board
326: or as a small server appliance. More information on the Npwr can be found at
327: the [Team ASA web page](http://www.teamasa.com/).
329: Support for the Npwr was written by Jason Thorpe and Allen Briggs, and
330: contributed by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
332: * On-board Intel i82544 Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI bus (_wm_)
333: * On-board LSI Logic 53c1010 Ultra160 SCSI on the PCI bus (_siop_)
334: * On-board timer in the CPLD (used as system clock)
335: * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
337: ### Technologic Systems **TS-7200**
339: The TS-7200 is a low-cost mass-produced PC/104 embedded single board computer
340: intended as a general purpose core for real embedded applications. The TS-7200
341: uses the Cirrus Logic EP9302 ARM9 system-on-chip and comes with a PC/104 (isa)
342: bus and can either boot to CompactFlash or onboard flash. The board also has
343: general purpose digital IO and optional multichannel analog-to-digital
344: converters. More information on the TS-7200 can be found at [Technologic
347: Support for the TS-7200 was written by Jesse Off
349: * On-CPU RS232 UARTs (2) (_epcom_)
350: * On-CPU 10/100 Ethernet MAC (_epe_)
351: * CompactFlash socket (_wdc_)
352: * USB 1.1 ports (2) (_ohci_)
353: * Watchdog timer on CPLD (_tspld_)
354: * TMP124 high precision temperature sensor via sysctl
355: * 64Hz system clock from on-CPU timers (_epclk_)
356: * HD44780 2x24 text mode LCD (_tslcd_)
357: * 4x4 16 button matrix keypad (_wskbd_)
358: * TS-5620 battery backed RTC daughter-card (_tsrtc_)
359: * 1,2,4 port serial TS-SER daughter cards (_com_)
360: * Up to 4 10Mb TS-ETH10 daughter cards (_tscs_)
361: * Other devices inserted into the PC/104 (_isa_) expansion slot
365: * The [NetBSD Diskless HOWTO](http://www.netbsd.org/docs/network/netboot/)
366: * [ Porting NetBSD/evbarm to the Arcom Viper](http://www.cs.hut.fi/~pooka/pubs/EuroBSDCon2005/viper.pdf), presented at EuroBSDCon 2005.
369: [[!tag tier1port]]
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