File:  [NetBSD Developer Wiki] / wikisrc / ports / evbarm.mdwn
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Wed Jun 12 08:59:37 2019 UTC (5 months, 3 weeks ago) by maya
Branches: MAIN
CVS tags: HEAD
Refer to FDT configurations, all new configurations are FDT!

(People usually don't look at information about older boards)

    1: [[!template id=port
    2: port="evbarm"
    3: port_alt="arm"
    4: port_var1="earm"
    5: port_var2="earmeb"
    6: port_var3="earmv6hf"
    7: port_var4="earmv7hf"
    8: port_var5="earmv7hfeb"
    9: port_var_install_notes="evbarm-earm"
   10: cur_rel="8.1"
   11: future_rel="9.0"
   12: changes_cur="8.1"
   13: changes_future="9.0"
   14: thumbnail="//www.netbsd.org/images/ports/evbarm/adi_brh.gif"
   15: about="""
   16: NetBSD/evbarm is the port of NetBSD to various evaluation and prototyping
   17: boards based on CPUs implementing the ARM architecture. NetBSD/evbarm also
   18: supports some specific embedded system products based on prototype board
   19: designs.
   20: 
   21: ### SSH configuration
   22: 
   23: The default configuration will connect to the local network via DHCP and
   24: run an SSH server. In order to use the SSH server, we must configure
   25: users. This can be done by writing to the SD card's MS-DOS partition.
   26: 
   27: Create a creds.txt file and use:
   28: 
   29:            useradd user password
   30: 
   31: \todo Additional configuration options are available on creds_msdos.8
   32: 
   33: ### CPU types
   34: 
   35: The evbarm port can be built with a variety of CPU options, corresponding to the
   36: [large array of ARM CPU architectures](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARM_architecture#Cores).
   37: There are
   38: four main variables: the word size, the instruction set, the
   39: endianness, and whether there is hardware floating point.  By default
   40: the CPU type is "earm", and this implies aarch32 (32-bit), earmv5 cpu
   41: architecture, little endian (el when explicitly stated), and soft
   42: (Emulated) floating point.  Another example, suitable for Raspberry PI
   43: 2, is earmv7hf, which is aarch32, the v7 instruction set, little
   44: endian, and hardware floating point.
   45: 
   46: Typically, various boards are best compiled with a CPU type that
   47: matches the board's CPU and floating point support, but generally a
   48: lower CPU instruction set version is workable on a newer board.  See
   49: build.sh and look for aliases for the evbarm port.
   50: 
   51: Through NetBSD 8, the evbarm port has supported exclusively the
   52: aarch32 (32-bit CPU) sub-family of the ARM architecture.  Some
   53: processors, such as many supporting the armv8 CPU architecture, also
   54: support a 64-bit instruction set, referred to as aarch64.  This is
   55: sometimes referred to as a distinct port, [[NetBSD/aarch64|aarch64]],
   56: with code in src/sys/arch/aarch64, but it is built as the evbarm port
   57: with aarch64 cpu type, and available as the alias evbarm64.
   58: 
   59: Note that MACHINE_ARCH=aarch64 currently refers to the A64 instruction
   60: set and the aarch64 architecture, built for the armv8 architecture.
   61: (Note also that armv8 is the first architecture to support aarch64, so
   62: this will not be an issue until at least armv9.)
   63: 
   64: ### anita and qemu
   65: 
   66: anita can be used to test builds.  (In addition to anita, install qemu and dtb-arm-vexpress from pkgsrc.)   The release subdirectory should follow the naming convention on the autobuild cluster, used below.
   67: 
   68:  - evbarm-earmv7hf uses "qemu-system-arm -M vexpress-a15"
   69:  - evbarm-aarch64 uses "qemu-system-aarch64 -M virt"
   70:  - Information on how to test emulated versions of other specific hardware is welcome.
   71: 
   72: ### Board specific information
   73:  - [[Allwinner sunxi family SoCs|Allwinner]]
   74:  - [[BeagleBone, BeagleBone Black, and PocketBeagle|BeagleBone]]
   75:  - [[NVIDIA Tegra|Tegra]]
   76:  - [[ODROID C1 and C1+|ODROID-C1]]
   77:  - [[Raspberry Pi 1, 2 and 3|Raspberry Pi]]
   78: 
   79: """
   80: 
   81: supported_hardware="""
   82: 
   83: **NOTE**: This list is incomplete. For a full list of boards, please see the [GENERIC DTS files](http://cvsweb.netbsd.org/bsdweb.cgi/~checkout~/src/sys/arch/evbarm/conf/GENERIC).
   84: 
   85: [[!toc startlevel=3]]
   86: 
   87: ### ADI Engineering **BRH** ("Big Red Head")
   88: 
   89: The BRH is an evaluation and development platform for the Intel **i80200**
   90: XScale processor. The BRH is based on ADI's **BECC** ("Big Endian Companion
   91: Chip"). The BRH is capable of both big- and little-endian operation, although
   92: NetBSD currently only supports little-endian operation.
   93: 
   94: Support for the BRH was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed by Wasabi
   95: Systems, Inc.
   96: 
   97:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial ports (_com_)
   98:  * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
   99:  * On-chip timer on the BECC (used as system clock)
  100:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI slot
  101: 
  102: The BRH comes with 128M of SDRAM. Systems with BECC revision 7 or less are
  103: limited to 64M due to the layout of the PCI DMA windows. Users of these
  104: systems should obtain an FPGA upgrade from ADI to revision 8 or later of the
  105: BECC.
  106: 
  107: ### Allwinner Technology
  108: Various boards based on [[Allwinner]] SoCs are supported, including the BananaPi, Cubieboard 2, Cubietruck, Cubieboard 4, and Merrii Hummingbird A31.
  109: 
  110: ### Arcom **Viper**
  111: 
  112: The Arcom Viper is a single board computer based on the PXA255 XScale
  113: processor.
  114: 
  115: Support for the Arcom Viper was written by Antti Kantee.
  116: 
  117:  * On-chip timers (_saost_ used as system clock)
  118:  * On-chip serial ports (_com_)
  119:  * On-board SMC91C111 ethernet (_sm_)
  120: 
  121: ### ARM, Ltd. **Integrator**
  122: 
  123: The Integrator/AP is an ATX form-factor board that is used for development of
  124: ARM processor-based designs. It supports up to four processors on plug-in core
  125: modules, and provides clocks, a bus interface, and interrupt support. The
  126: Integrator/AP also supports logic modules which provide additional
  127: peripherals, and can accommodate up to three PCI expansion cards. The
  128: Integrator/AP can also be inserted into a CompactPCI backplane.
  129: 
  130: Support for the Integrator was written by Richard Earnshaw, and contributed by
  131: ARM, Ltd.
  132: 
  133:  * PrimeCell PL010 UARTs in the System Controller FPGA (_plcom_)
  134:  * PrimeCell PL030 Real-time Clock in the System Controller FPGA (_plrtc_)
  135:  * PrimeCell PL181 MultiMedia Card Interface
  136:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI expansion slots
  137: 
  138: ### Atmark Techno **Armadillo-9**
  139: 
  140: The Armadillo-9 is a single board computer based on the EP9315 processor.
  141: 
  142: Support for the Armadillo-9 was written by Katsuomi Hamajima.
  143: 
  144:  * On-CPU RS232 UARTs (2) (_epcom_)
  145:  * On-CPU 10/100 Ethernet MAC (_epe_)
  146:  * system clock from on-CPU timers (_epclk_)
  147:  * CompactFlash socket (_eppcic_)
  148:  * USB 1.1 ports (_ohci_)
  149: 
  150: ### BeagleBoard.org **BeagleBoard** and **BeagleBoard-xM**
  151: The [[BeagleBoard]] is a low-power open-source hardware single-board computer from BeagleBoard.org.
  152: 
  153: ### BeagleBoard.org **BeagleBone** and **BeagleBone Black**
  154: The [[BeagleBone]] is a low-cost credit-card-sized computer from BeagleBoard.org.
  155: 
  156: ### Gumstix, Inc. **gumstix**
  157: 
  158: The [gumstix](http://www.gumstix.com/) is a small form-factor motherboard
  159: based on the PXA255 and PXA270 XScale processor. Supports only PXA255 now.
  160: 
  161: Support for the gumstix was written by KIYOHARA Takashi.
  162: 
  163:  * basix
  164:  * cfstix
  165:  * etherstix
  166:  * netCF
  167:  * netDUO
  168:  * netDUO-mmc
  169:  * netMMC
  170: 
  171: When booting, it is necessary to set these with u-boot dynamically.
  172: 
  173: <pre> > go 0xa0200000 busheader=basix</pre>
  174: 
  175:  * audiostix
  176:  * console-st (waysmall - STUART)
  177:  * console-hw (waysmall)
  178:  * GPSstix (GPS not test)
  179:  * tweener
  180: 
  181: ### Hardkernel ODROID-C1 and ODROID-C1+
  182: 
  183: The [[ODROID-C1]] is a quad core Cortex-A5 small form-factor board from Hardkernel co., Ltd.
  184: 
  185: ### Intel **DBPXA250** ("Lubbock")
  186: 
  187: DBPXA250 (a.k.a. Lubbock) is an evaluation and development platform for the
  188: Intel **PXA250** XScale Core application processor. More information about the **DBPXA250** can be found at [Intel website](http://www.intel.com/design/pca/applicationsprocessors/swsup/index.htm).
  189: 
  190: Support for the **DBPXA250** was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed
  191: by Genetec Corp.
  192: 
  193:  * On-chip timers (_saost_ used as system clock)
  194:  * On-chip 2 serial port (_com_)
  195:  * On-board SMC91C96 ethernet (_sm_)
  196:  * On-board SA-1111 StrongArm companion chip (_sacc_)
  197:  * PS/2 keyboard (_pckbd_)
  198:  * 640x480 LCD (_lcd_)
  199:  * PCMCIA and CF card slots
  200: 
  201: ### Intel **IQ31244**
  202: 
  203: The IQ31244 is a development platform for the Intel **IOP321** I/O Processor
  204: chipset and the Intel **i31244** SATA controller.
  205: 
  206: Initial support for the IQ31244 was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed
  207: by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
  208: 
  209:  * Quad on-board Intel i31244 SATA controllers on the PCI-X bus (_artsata_)
  210:  * On-board Intel i82546EB Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI-X bus (_wm_)
  211:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
  212:  * On-chip timers (TMR0 used as system clock)
  213:  * On-chip Application Accelerator Unit (_iopaau_)
  214:  * On-chip watchdog timer (_iopwdog_)
  215:  * On-board compact flash reader (_wdc_)
  216:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI-X expansion slot
  217: 
  218: ### Intel **IQ80310**
  219: 
  220: The IQ80310 is the reference platform for the Intel **IOP310** I/O Processor
  221: chipset, which is comprised of the i80200 XScale processor and the i80312 I/O
  222: Companion chip.
  223: 
  224: Support for the IQ80310 was written by Jason Thorpe and Allen Briggs, and
  225: contributed by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
  226: 
  227:  * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
  228:  * On-board timer in the CPLD (used as system clock)
  229:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial ports (_com_)
  230:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI expansion slots
  231: 
  232: ### Intel **IQ80321**
  233: 
  234: The IQ80321 is the reference platform for the Intel **IOP321** I/O Processor
  235: (i80321 XScale processor).
  236: 
  237: Support for the IQ80321 was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed by Wasabi
  238: Systems, Inc.
  239: 
  240:  * On-board Intel i82544EI Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI-X bus (_wm_)
  241:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
  242:  * On-chip timers (TMR0 used as system clock)
  243:  * On-chip Application Accelerator Unit (_iopaau_)
  244:  * On-chip watchdog timer (_iopwdog_)
  245:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI-X expansion slots
  246: 
  247: ### Intel **IXM1200**
  248: 
  249: The IXM1200 is the reference platform for the Intel **IXP1200** Network
  250: Processor.
  251: 
  252: Support for the IXM1200 was written by Ichiro FUKUHARA and Naoto Shimazaki.
  253: 
  254:  * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
  255:  * On-board Intel i21555 Non-Transparent PCI-PCI Bridge (_nppb_)
  256:  * On-chip timers (ixpclk0 used as system clock)
  257:  * On-chip serial port (_ixpcom_)
  258: 
  259: ### NOVATEC **NTNP425B** ("ZAO425")
  260: 
  261: NTNP425B is an evaluation and development platform for the Intel **IXP425**
  262: XScale Core NetworkProcessor. NTNP425B is based on the reference board of
  263: Intel **IXDP425**. The **NTNP425B** is capable of only big-endian operation.
  264: Since the library for micro-engine(NPE) offered from Intel Corp. is big-
  265: endian. More information about the **NTNP425B** can be found on [product
  266: catalogue of **NTNP425B**(2.5MB,PDF
  267: file)](http://www.novatec.co.jp/NTNP425BBrochureE.pdf).
  268: 
  269: Support for the NTNP425B was written by Ichiro FUKUHARA.
  270: 
  271:  * On-chip timers (_ixpclk0_ used as system clock)
  272:  * On-chip 2 serial port (_ixpcom0_ and _ixpcom1_)
  273:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI/mPCI slot
  274:  * On-chip watchdog timer (_ixpwdog_)
  275: 
  276: ### NVIDIA Tegra K1
  277: Support for NVIDIA [[Tegra]] K1 SoCs is present in NetBSD-current and
  278: 8.0_BETA. The Jetson TK1 board is currently supported.
  279: 
  280: ### Raspberry Pi Foundation **Raspberry Pi**/**Raspberry Pi 2**/**Raspberry Pi 3**
  281: The [[Raspberry Pi]] is a low-cost credit-card-sized computer from the Raspberry Pi Foundation.  The Raspberry Pi, Pi 2, and Pi 3 are supported.
  282: 
  283: ### Samsung **SMDK2410**
  284: 
  285: The SMDK2410 is the reference platform for the Samsung **S3C2410** processor,
  286: which has an ARM920T core.
  287: 
  288: More information on the S3C2410 can be found at [Samsung Electronics web page]
  289: (http://www.samsung.com/Products/Semiconductor/MobileSoC/ApplicationProcessor/
  290: ARM9Series/S3C2410/S3C2410.htm).
  291: 
  292: Support for the SMDK2410 was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed by
  293: Genetec Corp.
  294: 
  295:  * On-chip serial ports (_sscom_)
  296:  * On-chip USB host controller (_ohc_)
  297:  * On-chip timers (used as system clock)
  298:  * On-chip SPI (_ssspi_, used for other on-board devices)
  299:  * 240x320 TFT LCD (_lcd_)
  300:  * keyboard. (_sskbd_)
  301: 
  302: ### Samsung **SMDK2800**
  303: 
  304: The SMDK2800 is the reference platform for the **Samsung S3C2800** processor,
  305: which has an ARM920T core.
  306: 
  307: S3C2800 has built-in PCI controller, and SMDK2800 has three PCI slots.
  308: 
  309: Support for the SMDK2800 was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed by
  310: Fujitsu Component Ltd., and Genetec Corp.
  311: 
  312:  * On-chip serial ports (_sscom_)
  313:  * On-chip Host-PCI bridge (_sspci_)
  314:  * On-chip timers (used as system clock)
  315:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI slots
  316: 
  317: ### Team ASA, Inc. **Npwr**
  318: 
  319: The Npwr is an IOP310-based design targeted at the network-attached storage
  320: space. The Npwr comes in several configurations (single or dual Gigabit
  321: Ethernet, single or dual Ultra160 SCSI), and can be purchased as a bare board
  322: or as a small server appliance. More information on the Npwr can be found at
  323: the [Team ASA web page](http://www.teamasa.com/).
  324: 
  325: Support for the Npwr was written by Jason Thorpe and Allen Briggs, and
  326: contributed by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
  327: 
  328:  * On-board Intel i82544 Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI bus (_wm_)
  329:  * On-board LSI Logic 53c1010 Ultra160 SCSI on the PCI bus (_siop_)
  330:  * On-board timer in the CPLD (used as system clock)
  331:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
  332: 
  333: ### Technologic Systems **TS-7200**
  334: 
  335: The TS-7200 is a low-cost mass-produced PC/104 embedded single board computer
  336: intended as a general purpose core for real embedded applications. The TS-7200
  337: uses the Cirrus Logic EP9302 ARM9 system-on-chip and comes with a PC/104 (isa)
  338: bus and can either boot to CompactFlash or onboard flash. The board also has
  339: general purpose digital IO and optional multichannel analog-to-digital
  340: converters. More information on the TS-7200 can be found at [Technologic
  341: Systems](http://www.embeddedarm.com/epc/ts7200-spec-h.html).
  342: 
  343: Support for the TS-7200 was written by Jesse Off
  344: 
  345: * On-CPU RS232 UARTs (2) (_epcom_)
  346: * On-CPU 10/100 Ethernet MAC (_epe_)
  347: * CompactFlash socket (_wdc_)
  348: * USB 1.1 ports (2) (_ohci_)
  349: * Watchdog timer on CPLD (_tspld_)
  350: * TMP124 high precision temperature sensor via sysctl
  351: * 64Hz system clock from on-CPU timers (_epclk_)
  352: * HD44780 2x24 text mode LCD (_tslcd_)
  353: * 4x4 16 button matrix keypad (_wskbd_)
  354: * TS-5620 battery backed RTC daughter-card (_tsrtc_)
  355: * 1,2,4 port serial TS-SER daughter cards (_com_)
  356: * Up to 4 10Mb TS-ETH10 daughter cards (_tscs_)
  357: * Other devices inserted into the PC/104 (_isa_) expansion slot
  358: 
  359: """
  360: additional="""
  361:   * The [NetBSD Diskless HOWTO](http://www.netbsd.org/docs/network/netboot/)
  362:   * [ Porting NetBSD/evbarm to the Arcom Viper](http://www.cs.hut.fi/~pooka/pubs/EuroBSDCon2005/viper.pdf), presented at EuroBSDCon 2005.
  363: """
  364: ]]
  365: [[!tag tier1port]]

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