File:  [NetBSD Developer Wiki] / wikisrc / ports / evbarm.mdwn
Revision 1.72: download - view: text, annotated - select for diffs
Wed Jun 12 08:29:41 2019 UTC (5 months, 3 weeks ago) by maya
Branches: MAIN
CVS tags: HEAD
Prune some information about OABI, it's *super* crufty now, and we will
probably drop support soon.

    1: [[!template id=port
    2: port="evbarm"
    3: port_alt="arm"
    4: port_var1="earm"
    5: port_var2="earmeb"
    6: port_var3="earmv6hf"
    7: port_var4="earmv7hf"
    8: port_var5="earmv7hfeb"
    9: port_var_install_notes="evbarm-earm"
   10: cur_rel="8.1"
   11: future_rel="9.0"
   12: changes_cur="8.1"
   13: changes_future="9.0"
   14: thumbnail="//www.netbsd.org/images/ports/evbarm/adi_brh.gif"
   15: about="""
   16: NetBSD/evbarm is the port of NetBSD to various evaluation and prototyping
   17: boards based on CPUs implementing the ARM architecture. NetBSD/evbarm also
   18: supports some specific embedded system products based on prototype board
   19: designs.
   20: 
   21: Matt Thomas is the maintainer of NetBSD/evbarm.
   22: 
   23: ### CPU types
   24: 
   25: The evbarm port can be built with a variety of CPU options, corresponding to the
   26: [large array of ARM CPU architectures](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARM_architecture#Cores).
   27: There are
   28: four main variables: the word size, the instruction set, the
   29: endianness, and whether there is hardware floating point.  By default
   30: the CPU type is "earm", and this implies aarch32 (32-bit), earmv5 cpu
   31: architecture, little endian (el when explicitly stated), and soft
   32: (Emulated) floating point.  Another example, suitable for Raspberry PI
   33: 2, is earmv7hf, which is aarch32, the v7 instruction set, little
   34: endian, and hardware floating point.
   35: 
   36: Typically, various boards are best compiled with a CPU type that
   37: matches the board's CPU and floating point support, but generally a
   38: lower CPU instruction set version is workable on a newer board.  See
   39: build.sh and look for aliases for the evbarm port.
   40: 
   41: Through NetBSD 8, the evbarm port has supported exclusively the
   42: aarch32 (32-bit CPU) sub-family of the ARM architecture.  Some
   43: processors, such as many supporting the armv8 CPU architecture, also
   44: support a 64-bit instruction set, referred to as aarch64.  This is
   45: sometimes referred to as a distinct port, [[NetBSD/aarch64|aarch64]],
   46: with code in src/sys/arch/aarch64, but it is built as the evbarm port
   47: with aarch64 cpu type, and available as the alias evbarm64.
   48: 
   49: Note that MACHINE_ARCH=aarch64 currently refers to the A64 instruction
   50: set and the aarch64 architecture, built for the armv8 architecture.
   51: (Note also that armv8 is the first architecture to support aarch64, so
   52: this will not be an issue until at least armv9.)
   53: 
   54: ### Kernels and userland
   55: 
   56: The evbarm userland can be used on any system that can run code of the
   57: CPU type used for the build.  Typically, a particular board requires a
   58: kernel for that board.
   59: 
   60: ### anita and qemu
   61: 
   62: anita can be used to test builds.  (In addition to anita, install qemu and dtb-arm-vexpress from pkgsrc.)   The release subdirectory should follow the naming convention on the autobuild cluster, used below.
   63: 
   64:  - evbarm-earmv7hf uses "qemu-system-arm -M vexpress-a15"
   65:  - evbarm-aarch64 uses "qemu-system-aarch64 -M virt"
   66:  - Information on how to test emulated versions of other specific hardware is welcome.
   67: 
   68: ### Board specific information
   69:  - [[Allwinner sunxi family SoCs|Allwinner]]
   70:  - [[BeagleBone, BeagleBone Black, and PocketBeagle|BeagleBone]]
   71:  - [[NVIDIA Tegra|Tegra]]
   72:  - [[ODROID C1 and C1+|ODROID-C1]]
   73:  - [[Raspberry Pi 1, 2 and 3|Raspberry Pi]]
   74: 
   75: """
   76: 
   77: supported_hardware="""
   78: 
   79: **NOTE**: This list is incomplete. For a full list of configurations, please see the [evbarm kernel configs](http://cvsweb.netbsd.org/bsdweb.cgi/src/sys/arch/evbarm/conf/) directory in CVS.
   80: 
   81: [[!toc startlevel=3]]
   82: 
   83: ### ADI Engineering **BRH** ("Big Red Head")
   84: 
   85: The BRH is an evaluation and development platform for the Intel **i80200**
   86: XScale processor. The BRH is based on ADI's **BECC** ("Big Endian Companion
   87: Chip"). The BRH is capable of both big- and little-endian operation, although
   88: NetBSD currently only supports little-endian operation.
   89: 
   90: Support for the BRH was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed by Wasabi
   91: Systems, Inc.
   92: 
   93:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial ports (_com_)
   94:  * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
   95:  * On-chip timer on the BECC (used as system clock)
   96:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI slot
   97: 
   98: The BRH comes with 128M of SDRAM. Systems with BECC revision 7 or less are
   99: limited to 64M due to the layout of the PCI DMA windows. Users of these
  100: systems should obtain an FPGA upgrade from ADI to revision 8 or later of the
  101: BECC.
  102: 
  103: ### Allwinner Technology
  104: Various boards based on [[Allwinner]] SoCs are supported, including the BananaPi, Cubieboard 2, Cubietruck, Cubieboard 4, and Merrii Hummingbird A31.
  105: 
  106: ### Arcom **Viper**
  107: 
  108: The Arcom Viper is a single board computer based on the PXA255 XScale
  109: processor.
  110: 
  111: Support for the Arcom Viper was written by Antti Kantee.
  112: 
  113:  * On-chip timers (_saost_ used as system clock)
  114:  * On-chip serial ports (_com_)
  115:  * On-board SMC91C111 ethernet (_sm_)
  116: 
  117: ### ARM, Ltd. **Integrator**
  118: 
  119: The Integrator/AP is an ATX form-factor board that is used for development of
  120: ARM processor-based designs. It supports up to four processors on plug-in core
  121: modules, and provides clocks, a bus interface, and interrupt support. The
  122: Integrator/AP also supports logic modules which provide additional
  123: peripherals, and can accommodate up to three PCI expansion cards. The
  124: Integrator/AP can also be inserted into a CompactPCI backplane.
  125: 
  126: Support for the Integrator was written by Richard Earnshaw, and contributed by
  127: ARM, Ltd.
  128: 
  129:  * PrimeCell PL010 UARTs in the System Controller FPGA (_plcom_)
  130:  * PrimeCell PL030 Real-time Clock in the System Controller FPGA (_plrtc_)
  131:  * PrimeCell PL181 MultiMedia Card Interface
  132:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI expansion slots
  133: 
  134: ### Atmark Techno **Armadillo-9**
  135: 
  136: The Armadillo-9 is a single board computer based on the EP9315 processor.
  137: 
  138: Support for the Armadillo-9 was written by Katsuomi Hamajima.
  139: 
  140:  * On-CPU RS232 UARTs (2) (_epcom_)
  141:  * On-CPU 10/100 Ethernet MAC (_epe_)
  142:  * system clock from on-CPU timers (_epclk_)
  143:  * CompactFlash socket (_eppcic_)
  144:  * USB 1.1 ports (_ohci_)
  145: 
  146: ### BeagleBoard.org **BeagleBoard** and **BeagleBoard-xM**
  147: The [[BeagleBoard]] is a low-power open-source hardware single-board computer from BeagleBoard.org.
  148: 
  149: ### BeagleBoard.org **BeagleBone** and **BeagleBone Black**
  150: The [[BeagleBone]] is a low-cost credit-card-sized computer from BeagleBoard.org.
  151: 
  152: ### Gumstix, Inc. **gumstix**
  153: 
  154: The [gumstix](http://www.gumstix.com/) is a small form-factor motherboard
  155: based on the PXA255 and PXA270 XScale processor. Supports only PXA255 now.
  156: 
  157: Support for the gumstix was written by KIYOHARA Takashi.
  158: 
  159:  * basix
  160:  * cfstix
  161:  * etherstix
  162:  * netCF
  163:  * netDUO
  164:  * netDUO-mmc
  165:  * netMMC
  166: 
  167: When booting, it is necessary to set these with u-boot dynamically.
  168: 
  169: <pre> > go 0xa0200000 busheader=basix</pre>
  170: 
  171:  * audiostix
  172:  * console-st (waysmall - STUART)
  173:  * console-hw (waysmall)
  174:  * GPSstix (GPS not test)
  175:  * tweener
  176: 
  177: ### Hardkernel ODROID-C1 and ODROID-C1+
  178: 
  179: The [[ODROID-C1]] is a quad core Cortex-A5 small form-factor board from Hardkernel co., Ltd.
  180: 
  181: ### Intel **DBPXA250** ("Lubbock")
  182: 
  183: DBPXA250 (a.k.a. Lubbock) is an evaluation and development platform for the
  184: Intel **PXA250** XScale Core application processor. More information about the **DBPXA250** can be found at [Intel website](http://www.intel.com/design/pca/applicationsprocessors/swsup/index.htm).
  185: 
  186: Support for the **DBPXA250** was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed
  187: by Genetec Corp.
  188: 
  189:  * On-chip timers (_saost_ used as system clock)
  190:  * On-chip 2 serial port (_com_)
  191:  * On-board SMC91C96 ethernet (_sm_)
  192:  * On-board SA-1111 StrongArm companion chip (_sacc_)
  193:  * PS/2 keyboard (_pckbd_)
  194:  * 640x480 LCD (_lcd_)
  195:  * PCMCIA and CF card slots
  196: 
  197: ### Intel **IQ31244**
  198: 
  199: The IQ31244 is a development platform for the Intel **IOP321** I/O Processor
  200: chipset and the Intel **i31244** SATA controller.
  201: 
  202: Initial support for the IQ31244 was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed
  203: by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
  204: 
  205:  * Quad on-board Intel i31244 SATA controllers on the PCI-X bus (_artsata_)
  206:  * On-board Intel i82546EB Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI-X bus (_wm_)
  207:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
  208:  * On-chip timers (TMR0 used as system clock)
  209:  * On-chip Application Accelerator Unit (_iopaau_)
  210:  * On-chip watchdog timer (_iopwdog_)
  211:  * On-board compact flash reader (_wdc_)
  212:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI-X expansion slot
  213: 
  214: ### Intel **IQ80310**
  215: 
  216: The IQ80310 is the reference platform for the Intel **IOP310** I/O Processor
  217: chipset, which is comprised of the i80200 XScale processor and the i80312 I/O
  218: Companion chip.
  219: 
  220: Support for the IQ80310 was written by Jason Thorpe and Allen Briggs, and
  221: contributed by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
  222: 
  223:  * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
  224:  * On-board timer in the CPLD (used as system clock)
  225:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial ports (_com_)
  226:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI expansion slots
  227: 
  228: ### Intel **IQ80321**
  229: 
  230: The IQ80321 is the reference platform for the Intel **IOP321** I/O Processor
  231: (i80321 XScale processor).
  232: 
  233: Support for the IQ80321 was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed by Wasabi
  234: Systems, Inc.
  235: 
  236:  * On-board Intel i82544EI Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI-X bus (_wm_)
  237:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
  238:  * On-chip timers (TMR0 used as system clock)
  239:  * On-chip Application Accelerator Unit (_iopaau_)
  240:  * On-chip watchdog timer (_iopwdog_)
  241:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI-X expansion slots
  242: 
  243: ### Intel **IXM1200**
  244: 
  245: The IXM1200 is the reference platform for the Intel **IXP1200** Network
  246: Processor.
  247: 
  248: Support for the IXM1200 was written by Ichiro FUKUHARA and Naoto Shimazaki.
  249: 
  250:  * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
  251:  * On-board Intel i21555 Non-Transparent PCI-PCI Bridge (_nppb_)
  252:  * On-chip timers (ixpclk0 used as system clock)
  253:  * On-chip serial port (_ixpcom_)
  254: 
  255: ### NOVATEC **NTNP425B** ("ZAO425")
  256: 
  257: NTNP425B is an evaluation and development platform for the Intel **IXP425**
  258: XScale Core NetworkProcessor. NTNP425B is based on the reference board of
  259: Intel **IXDP425**. The **NTNP425B** is capable of only big-endian operation.
  260: Since the library for micro-engine(NPE) offered from Intel Corp. is big-
  261: endian. More information about the **NTNP425B** can be found on [product
  262: catalogue of **NTNP425B**(2.5MB,PDF
  263: file)](http://www.novatec.co.jp/NTNP425BBrochureE.pdf).
  264: 
  265: Support for the NTNP425B was written by Ichiro FUKUHARA.
  266: 
  267:  * On-chip timers (_ixpclk0_ used as system clock)
  268:  * On-chip 2 serial port (_ixpcom0_ and _ixpcom1_)
  269:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI/mPCI slot
  270:  * On-chip watchdog timer (_ixpwdog_)
  271: 
  272: ### NVIDIA Tegra K1
  273: Support for NVIDIA [[Tegra]] K1 SoCs is present in NetBSD-current and
  274: 8.0_BETA. The Jetson TK1 board is currently supported.
  275: 
  276: ### Raspberry Pi Foundation **Raspberry Pi**/**Raspberry Pi 2**/**Raspberry Pi 3**
  277: The [[Raspberry Pi]] is a low-cost credit-card-sized computer from the Raspberry Pi Foundation.  The Raspberry Pi, Pi 2, and Pi 3 are supported.
  278: 
  279: ### Samsung **SMDK2410**
  280: 
  281: The SMDK2410 is the reference platform for the Samsung **S3C2410** processor,
  282: which has an ARM920T core.
  283: 
  284: More information on the S3C2410 can be found at [Samsung Electronics web page]
  285: (http://www.samsung.com/Products/Semiconductor/MobileSoC/ApplicationProcessor/
  286: ARM9Series/S3C2410/S3C2410.htm).
  287: 
  288: Support for the SMDK2410 was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed by
  289: Genetec Corp.
  290: 
  291:  * On-chip serial ports (_sscom_)
  292:  * On-chip USB host controller (_ohc_)
  293:  * On-chip timers (used as system clock)
  294:  * On-chip SPI (_ssspi_, used for other on-board devices)
  295:  * 240x320 TFT LCD (_lcd_)
  296:  * keyboard. (_sskbd_)
  297: 
  298: ### Samsung **SMDK2800**
  299: 
  300: The SMDK2800 is the reference platform for the **Samsung S3C2800** processor,
  301: which has an ARM920T core.
  302: 
  303: S3C2800 has built-in PCI controller, and SMDK2800 has three PCI slots.
  304: 
  305: Support for the SMDK2800 was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed by
  306: Fujitsu Component Ltd., and Genetec Corp.
  307: 
  308:  * On-chip serial ports (_sscom_)
  309:  * On-chip Host-PCI bridge (_sspci_)
  310:  * On-chip timers (used as system clock)
  311:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI slots
  312: 
  313: ### Team ASA, Inc. **Npwr**
  314: 
  315: The Npwr is an IOP310-based design targeted at the network-attached storage
  316: space. The Npwr comes in several configurations (single or dual Gigabit
  317: Ethernet, single or dual Ultra160 SCSI), and can be purchased as a bare board
  318: or as a small server appliance. More information on the Npwr can be found at
  319: the [Team ASA web page](http://www.teamasa.com/).
  320: 
  321: Support for the Npwr was written by Jason Thorpe and Allen Briggs, and
  322: contributed by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
  323: 
  324:  * On-board Intel i82544 Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI bus (_wm_)
  325:  * On-board LSI Logic 53c1010 Ultra160 SCSI on the PCI bus (_siop_)
  326:  * On-board timer in the CPLD (used as system clock)
  327:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
  328: 
  329: ### Technologic Systems **TS-7200**
  330: 
  331: The TS-7200 is a low-cost mass-produced PC/104 embedded single board computer
  332: intended as a general purpose core for real embedded applications. The TS-7200
  333: uses the Cirrus Logic EP9302 ARM9 system-on-chip and comes with a PC/104 (isa)
  334: bus and can either boot to CompactFlash or onboard flash. The board also has
  335: general purpose digital IO and optional multichannel analog-to-digital
  336: converters. More information on the TS-7200 can be found at [Technologic
  337: Systems](http://www.embeddedarm.com/epc/ts7200-spec-h.html).
  338: 
  339: Support for the TS-7200 was written by Jesse Off
  340: 
  341: * On-CPU RS232 UARTs (2) (_epcom_)
  342: * On-CPU 10/100 Ethernet MAC (_epe_)
  343: * CompactFlash socket (_wdc_)
  344: * USB 1.1 ports (2) (_ohci_)
  345: * Watchdog timer on CPLD (_tspld_)
  346: * TMP124 high precision temperature sensor via sysctl
  347: * 64Hz system clock from on-CPU timers (_epclk_)
  348: * HD44780 2x24 text mode LCD (_tslcd_)
  349: * 4x4 16 button matrix keypad (_wskbd_)
  350: * TS-5620 battery backed RTC daughter-card (_tsrtc_)
  351: * 1,2,4 port serial TS-SER daughter cards (_com_)
  352: * Up to 4 10Mb TS-ETH10 daughter cards (_tscs_)
  353: * Other devices inserted into the PC/104 (_isa_) expansion slot
  354: 
  355: """
  356: additional="""
  357:   * The [NetBSD Diskless HOWTO](http://www.netbsd.org/docs/network/netboot/)
  358:   * [ Porting NetBSD/evbarm to the Arcom Viper](http://www.cs.hut.fi/~pooka/pubs/EuroBSDCon2005/viper.pdf), presented at EuroBSDCon 2005.
  359: """
  360: ]]
  361: [[!tag tier1port]]

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