File:  [NetBSD Developer Wiki] / wikisrc / ports / evbarm.mdwn
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    1: [[!template id=port
    2: port="evbarm"
    3: port_alt="arm"
    4: port_var1="earm"
    5: port_var2="earmeb"
    6: port_var3="earmv6hf"
    7: port_var4="earmv7hf"
    8: port_var5="earmv7hfeb"
    9: port_var_install_notes="evbarm-earm"
   10: cur_rel="8.0"
   11: future_rel="9.0"
   12: changes_cur="8.0"
   13: changes_future="9.0"
   14: thumbnail="http://www.netbsd.org/images/ports/evbarm/adi_brh.gif"
   15: about="""
   16: NetBSD/evbarm is the port of NetBSD to various evaluation and prototyping
   17: boards based on CPUs implementing the ARM architecture. NetBSD/evbarm also
   18: supports some specific embedded system products based on prototype board
   19: designs.
   20: 
   21: Matt Thomas is the maintainer of NetBSD/evbarm.
   22: 
   23: ### CPU types
   24: 
   25: The evbarm port can be built with a variety of CPU options, corresponding to the
   26: [large array of ARM CPU architectures](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARM_architecture#Cores).
   27: There are
   28: four main variables: the word size, the instruction set, the
   29: endianness, and whether there is hardware floating point.  By default
   30: the CPU type is "earm", and this implies aarch32 (32-bit), \todo cpu
   31: architecture, little endian (el when explicitly stated), and soft
   32: (emulated) floating point.  Another example, suitable for Raspberry PI
   33: 2, is earmv7hf, which is aarch32, the v7 instruction set, little
   34: endian, and hardware floating point.
   35: 
   36: Typically, various boards are best compiled with a CPU type that
   37: matches the board's CPU and floating point support, but generally a
   38: lower CPU instruction set version is workable on a newer board.  See
   39: build.sh and look for aliases for the evbarm port.
   40: 
   41: Through NetBSD 8, the evbarm port has supported exclusively the
   42: aarch32 (32-bit CPU) sub-family of the ARM architecture.  Some
   43: processors, such as many supporting the armv8 CPU architecture, also
   44: support a 64-bit instruction set, referred to as aarch64.  This is
   45: sometimes referred to as a distinct port, [[NetBSD/aarch64|aarch64]],
   46: with code in src/sys/arch/aarch64, but it is built as the evbarm port
   47: with aarch64 cpu type, and available as the alias evbarm64.
   48: 
   49: ### Kernels and userland
   50: 
   51: The evbarm userland can be used on any system that can run code of the
   52: CPU type used for the build.  Typically, a particular board requires a
   53: kernel for that board.
   54: 
   55: ### anita and qemu
   56: 
   57: anita can be used to test builds.  (In addition to anita, install qemu and dtb-arm-vexpress from pkgsrc.)   The release subdirectory should follow the naming convention on the autobuild cluster, used below.
   58: 
   59:  - evbarm-earmv7hf uses "qemu-system-arm -M vexpress-a15"
   60:  - evbarm-aarch64 uses "qemu-system-aarch64 -M virt"
   61:  - Information on how to test emulated versions of other specific hardware is welcome.
   62: 
   63: ### Board specific information
   64:  - [[Allwinner sunxi family SoCs|Allwinner]]
   65:  - [[BeagleBone and BeagleBone Black|BeagleBone]]
   66:  - [[NVIDIA Tegra|Tegra]]
   67:  - [[ODROID C1 and C1+|ODROID-C1]]
   68:  - [[Raspberry Pi 1, 2 and 3|Raspberry Pi]]
   69: 
   70: """
   71: 
   72: supported_hardware="""
   73: 
   74: **NOTE**: This list is incomplete. For a full list of configurations, please see the [evbarm kernel configs](http://cvsweb.netbsd.org/bsdweb.cgi/src/sys/arch/evbarm/conf/) directory in CVS.
   75: 
   76: [[!toc startlevel=3]]
   77: 
   78: ### ADI Engineering **BRH** ("Big Red Head")
   79: 
   80: The BRH is an evaluation and development platform for the Intel **i80200**
   81: XScale processor. The BRH is based on ADI's **BECC** ("Big Endian Companion
   82: Chip"). The BRH is capable of both big- and little-endian operation, although
   83: NetBSD currently only supports little-endian operation.
   84: 
   85: Support for the BRH was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed by Wasabi
   86: Systems, Inc.
   87: 
   88:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial ports (_com_)
   89:  * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
   90:  * On-chip timer on the BECC (used as system clock)
   91:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI slot
   92: 
   93: The BRH comes with 128M of SDRAM. Systems with BECC revision 7 or less are
   94: limited to 64M due to the layout of the PCI DMA windows. Users of these
   95: systems should obtain an FPGA upgrade from ADI to revision 8 or later of the
   96: BECC.
   97: 
   98: ### Allwinner Technology
   99: Various boards based on [[Allwinner]] SoCs are supported, including the BananaPi, Cubieboard 2, Cubietruck, Cubieboard 4, and Merrii Hummingbird A31.
  100: 
  101: ### Arcom **Viper**
  102: 
  103: The Arcom Viper is a single board computer based on the PXA255 XScale
  104: processor.
  105: 
  106: Support for the Arcom Viper was written by Antti Kantee.
  107: 
  108:  * On-chip timers (_saost_ used as system clock)
  109:  * On-chip serial ports (_com_)
  110:  * On-board SMC91C111 ethernet (_sm_)
  111: 
  112: ### ARM, Ltd. **Integrator**
  113: 
  114: The Integrator/AP is an ATX form-factor board that is used for development of
  115: ARM processor-based designs. It supports up to four processors on plug-in core
  116: modules, and provides clocks, a bus interface, and interrupt support. The
  117: Integrator/AP also supports logic modules which provide additional
  118: peripherals, and can accommodate up to three PCI expansion cards. The
  119: Integrator/AP can also be inserted into a CompactPCI backplane.
  120: 
  121: Support for the Integrator was written by Richard Earnshaw, and contributed by
  122: ARM, Ltd.
  123: 
  124:  * PrimeCell PL010 UARTs in the System Controller FPGA (_plcom_)
  125:  * PrimeCell PL030 Real-time Clock in the System Controller FPGA (_plrtc_)
  126:  * PrimeCell PL181 MultiMedia Card Interface
  127:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI expansion slots
  128: 
  129: ### Atmark Techno **Armadillo-9**
  130: 
  131: The Armadillo-9 is a single board computer based on the EP9315 processor.
  132: 
  133: Support for the Armadillo-9 was written by Katsuomi Hamajima.
  134: 
  135:  * On-CPU RS232 UARTs (2) (_epcom_)
  136:  * On-CPU 10/100 Ethernet MAC (_epe_)
  137:  * system clock from on-CPU timers (_epclk_)
  138:  * CompactFlash socket (_eppcic_)
  139:  * USB 1.1 ports (_ohci_)
  140: 
  141: ### BeagleBoard.org **BeagleBoard** and **BeagleBoard-xM**
  142: The [[BeagleBoard]] is a low-power open-source hardware single-board computer from BeagleBoard.org.
  143: 
  144: ### BeagleBoard.org **BeagleBone** and **BeagleBone Black**
  145: The [[BeagleBone]] is a low-cost credit-card-sized computer from BeagleBoard.org.
  146: 
  147: ### Gumstix, Inc. **gumstix**
  148: 
  149: The [gumstix](http://www.gumstix.com/) is a small form-factor motherboard
  150: based on the PXA255 and PXA270 XScale processor. Supports only PXA255 now.
  151: 
  152: Support for the gumstix was written by KIYOHARA Takashi.
  153: 
  154:  * basix
  155:  * cfstix
  156:  * etherstix
  157:  * netCF
  158:  * netDUO
  159:  * netDUO-mmc
  160:  * netMMC
  161: 
  162: When booting, it is necessary to set these with u-boot dynamically.
  163: 
  164: <pre> > go 0xa0200000 busheader=basix</pre>
  165: 
  166:  * audiostix
  167:  * console-st (waysmall - STUART)
  168:  * console-hw (waysmall)
  169:  * GPSstix (GPS not test)
  170:  * tweener
  171: 
  172: ### Hardkernel ODROID-C1 and ODROID-C1+
  173: 
  174: The [[ODROID-C1]] is a quad core Cortex-A5 small form-factor board from Hardkernel co., Ltd.
  175: 
  176: ### Intel **DBPXA250** ("Lubbock")
  177: 
  178: DBPXA250 (a.k.a. Lubbock) is an evaluation and development platform for the
  179: Intel **PXA250** XScale Core application processor. More information about the **DBPXA250** can be found at [Intel website](http://www.intel.com/design/pca/applicationsprocessors/swsup/index.htm).
  180: 
  181: Support for the **DBPXA250** was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed
  182: by Genetec Corp.
  183: 
  184:  * On-chip timers (_saost_ used as system clock)
  185:  * On-chip 2 serial port (_com_)
  186:  * On-board SMC91C96 ethernet (_sm_)
  187:  * On-board SA-1111 StrongArm companion chip (_sacc_)
  188:  * PS/2 keyboard (_pckbd_)
  189:  * 640x480 LCD (_lcd_)
  190:  * PCMCIA and CF card slots
  191: 
  192: ### Intel **IQ31244**
  193: 
  194: The IQ31244 is a development platform for the Intel **IOP321** I/O Processor
  195: chipset and the Intel **i31244** SATA controller.
  196: 
  197: Initial support for the IQ31244 was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed
  198: by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
  199: 
  200:  * Quad on-board Intel i31244 SATA controllers on the PCI-X bus (_artsata_)
  201:  * On-board Intel i82546EB Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI-X bus (_wm_)
  202:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
  203:  * On-chip timers (TMR0 used as system clock)
  204:  * On-chip Application Accelerator Unit (_iopaau_)
  205:  * On-chip watchdog timer (_iopwdog_)
  206:  * On-board compact flash reader (_wdc_)
  207:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI-X expansion slot
  208: 
  209: ### Intel **IQ80310**
  210: 
  211: The IQ80310 is the reference platform for the Intel **IOP310** I/O Processor
  212: chipset, which is comprised of the i80200 XScale processor and the i80312 I/O
  213: Companion chip.
  214: 
  215: Support for the IQ80310 was written by Jason Thorpe and Allen Briggs, and
  216: contributed by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
  217: 
  218:  * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
  219:  * On-board timer in the CPLD (used as system clock)
  220:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial ports (_com_)
  221:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI expansion slots
  222: 
  223: ### Intel **IQ80321**
  224: 
  225: The IQ80321 is the reference platform for the Intel **IOP321** I/O Processor
  226: (i80321 XScale processor).
  227: 
  228: Support for the IQ80321 was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed by Wasabi
  229: Systems, Inc.
  230: 
  231:  * On-board Intel i82544EI Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI-X bus (_wm_)
  232:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
  233:  * On-chip timers (TMR0 used as system clock)
  234:  * On-chip Application Accelerator Unit (_iopaau_)
  235:  * On-chip watchdog timer (_iopwdog_)
  236:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI-X expansion slots
  237: 
  238: ### Intel **IXM1200**
  239: 
  240: The IXM1200 is the reference platform for the Intel **IXP1200** Network
  241: Processor.
  242: 
  243: Support for the IXM1200 was written by Ichiro FUKUHARA and Naoto Shimazaki.
  244: 
  245:  * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
  246:  * On-board Intel i21555 Non-Transparent PCI-PCI Bridge (_nppb_)
  247:  * On-chip timers (ixpclk0 used as system clock)
  248:  * On-chip serial port (_ixpcom_)
  249: 
  250: ### NOVATEC **NTNP425B** ("ZAO425")
  251: 
  252: NTNP425B is an evaluation and development platform for the Intel **IXP425**
  253: XScale Core NetworkProcessor. NTNP425B is based on the reference board of
  254: Intel **IXDP425**. The **NTNP425B** is capable of only big-endian operation.
  255: Since the library for micro-engine(NPE) offered from Intel Corp. is big-
  256: endian. More information about the **NTNP425B** can be found on [product
  257: catalogue of **NTNP425B**(2.5MB,PDF
  258: file)](http://www.novatec.co.jp/NTNP425BBrochureE.pdf).
  259: 
  260: Support for the NTNP425B was written by Ichiro FUKUHARA.
  261: 
  262:  * On-chip timers (_ixpclk0_ used as system clock)
  263:  * On-chip 2 serial port (_ixpcom0_ and _ixpcom1_)
  264:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI/mPCI slot
  265:  * On-chip watchdog timer (_ixpwdog_)
  266: 
  267: ### NVIDIA Tegra K1
  268: Support for NVIDIA [[Tegra]] K1 SoCs is present in NetBSD-current and
  269: 8.0_BETA. The Jetson TK1 board is currently supported.
  270: 
  271: ### Raspberry Pi Foundation **Raspberry Pi**/**Raspberry Pi 2**/**Raspberry Pi 3**
  272: The [[Raspberry Pi]] is a low-cost credit-card-sized computer from the Raspberry Pi Foundation.  The Raspberry Pi, Pi 2, and Pi 3 are supported.
  273: 
  274: ### Samsung **SMDK2410**
  275: 
  276: The SMDK2410 is the reference platform for the Samsung **S3C2410** processor,
  277: which has an ARM920T core.
  278: 
  279: More information on the S3C2410 can be found at [Samsung Electronics web page]
  280: (http://www.samsung.com/Products/Semiconductor/MobileSoC/ApplicationProcessor/
  281: ARM9Series/S3C2410/S3C2410.htm).
  282: 
  283: Support for the SMDK2410 was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed by
  284: Genetec Corp.
  285: 
  286:  * On-chip serial ports (_sscom_)
  287:  * On-chip USB host controller (_ohc_)
  288:  * On-chip timers (used as system clock)
  289:  * On-chip SPI (_ssspi_, used for other on-board devices)
  290:  * 240x320 TFT LCD (_lcd_)
  291:  * keyboard. (_sskbd_)
  292: 
  293: ### Samsung **SMDK2800**
  294: 
  295: The SMDK2800 is the reference platform for the **Samsung S3C2800** processor,
  296: which has an ARM920T core.
  297: 
  298: S3C2800 has built-in PCI controller, and SMDK2800 has three PCI slots.
  299: 
  300: Support for the SMDK2800 was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed by
  301: Fujitsu Component Ltd., and Genetec Corp.
  302: 
  303:  * On-chip serial ports (_sscom_)
  304:  * On-chip Host-PCI bridge (_sspci_)
  305:  * On-chip timers (used as system clock)
  306:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI slots
  307: 
  308: ### Team ASA, Inc. **Npwr**
  309: 
  310: The Npwr is an IOP310-based design targeted at the network-attached storage
  311: space. The Npwr comes in several configurations (single or dual Gigabit
  312: Ethernet, single or dual Ultra160 SCSI), and can be purchased as a bare board
  313: or as a small server appliance. More information on the Npwr can be found at
  314: the [Team ASA web page](http://www.teamasa.com/).
  315: 
  316: Support for the Npwr was written by Jason Thorpe and Allen Briggs, and
  317: contributed by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
  318: 
  319:  * On-board Intel i82544 Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI bus (_wm_)
  320:  * On-board LSI Logic 53c1010 Ultra160 SCSI on the PCI bus (_siop_)
  321:  * On-board timer in the CPLD (used as system clock)
  322:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
  323: 
  324: ### Technologic Systems **TS-7200**
  325: 
  326: The TS-7200 is a low-cost mass-produced PC/104 embedded single board computer
  327: intended as a general purpose core for real embedded applications. The TS-7200
  328: uses the Cirrus Logic EP9302 ARM9 system-on-chip and comes with a PC/104 (isa)
  329: bus and can either boot to CompactFlash or onboard flash. The board also has
  330: general purpose digital IO and optional multichannel analog-to-digital
  331: converters. More information on the TS-7200 can be found at [Technologic
  332: Systems](http://www.embeddedarm.com/epc/ts7200-spec-h.html).
  333: 
  334: Support for the TS-7200 was written by Jesse Off
  335: 
  336: * On-CPU RS232 UARTs (2) (_epcom_)
  337: * On-CPU 10/100 Ethernet MAC (_epe_)
  338: * CompactFlash socket (_wdc_)
  339: * USB 1.1 ports (2) (_ohci_)
  340: * Watchdog timer on CPLD (_tspld_)
  341: * TMP124 high precision temperature sensor via sysctl
  342: * 64Hz system clock from on-CPU timers (_epclk_)
  343: * HD44780 2x24 text mode LCD (_tslcd_)
  344: * 4x4 16 button matrix keypad (_wskbd_)
  345: * TS-5620 battery backed RTC daughter-card (_tsrtc_)
  346: * 1,2,4 port serial TS-SER daughter cards (_com_)
  347: * Up to 4 10Mb TS-ETH10 daughter cards (_tscs_)
  348: * Other devices inserted into the PC/104 (_isa_) expansion slot
  349: 
  350: """
  351: additional="""
  352:   * The [NetBSD Diskless HOWTO](http://www.netbsd.org/docs/network/netboot/)
  353:   * [ Porting NetBSD/evbarm to the Arcom Viper](http://www.cs.hut.fi/~pooka/pubs/EuroBSDCon2005/viper.pdf), presented at EuroBSDCon 2005.
  354: """
  355: ]]
  356: [[!tag tier1port]]

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