File:  [NetBSD Developer Wiki] / wikisrc / ports / evbarm.mdwn
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CVS tags: HEAD
evbarm: explain aarch64

    1: [[!template id=port
    2: port="evbarm"
    3: port_alt="arm"
    4: port_var1="earm"
    5: port_var2="earmeb"
    6: port_var3="earmv6hf"
    7: port_var4="earmv7hf"
    8: port_var5="earmv7hfeb"
    9: port_var_install_notes="evbarm-earm"
   10: cur_rel="8.0"
   11: future_rel="9.0"
   12: changes_cur="8.0"
   13: changes_future="9.0"
   14: thumbnail="http://www.netbsd.org/images/ports/evbarm/adi_brh.gif"
   15: about="""
   16: NetBSD/evbarm is the port of NetBSD to various evaluation and prototyping
   17: boards based on CPUs implementing the ARM architecture. NetBSD/evbarm also
   18: supports some specific embedded system products based on prototype board
   19: designs.
   20: 
   21: Matt Thomas is the maintainer of NetBSD/evbarm.
   22: 
   23: ### CPU types
   24: 
   25: The evbarm port can be built with a variety of CPU options.  There are
   26: four main variables: the word size, the instruction set, the
   27: endianness, and whether there is hardware floating point.  By default
   28: the CPU type is "earm", and this implies aarch32 (32-bit), \todo cpu
   29: architecture, little endian (el when explicitly stated), and soft
   30: (emulated) floating point.  Another example, suitable for Raspberry PI
   31: 2, is earmv7hf, which is aarch32, the v7 instruction set, little
   32: endian, and hardware floating point.
   33: 
   34: Typically, various boards are best compiled with a CPU type that
   35: matches the board's CPU and floating point support, but generally a
   36: lower CPU instruction set version is workable on a newer board.  See
   37: build.sh and look for aliases for the evbarm port.
   38: 
   39: Through NetBSD 8, the evbarm port has supported exclusively the
   40: aarch32 (32-bit CPU) sub-family of the ARM architecture.  Some
   41: processors, such as many supporting the armv8 CPU architecture, also
   42: support a 64-bit instruction set, referred to as aarch64.  This is
   43: sometimes referred to as a distinct port, [[NetBSD/aarch64|aarch64]],
   44: with code in src/sys/arch/aarch64, but it is built as the evbarm port
   45: with aarch64 cpu type, and available as the alias evbarm64.
   46: 
   47: ### Kernels and userland
   48: 
   49: The evbarm userland can be used on any system that can run code of the
   50: CPU type used for the build.  Typically, a particular board requires a
   51: kernel for that board.
   52: 
   53: ### anita and qemu
   54: 
   55: anita can be used to test builds.  (In addition to anita, install qemu and dtb-arm-vexpress from pkgsrc.)   The release subdirectory should follow the naming convention on the autobuild cluster, used below.
   56: 
   57:  - evbarm-earmv7hf uses "qemu-system-arm -M vexpress-a15"
   58:  - evbarm-aarch64 uses "qemu-system-aarch64 -M virt"
   59:  - Information on how to test emulated versions of other specific hardware is welcome.
   60: 
   61: ### Board specific information
   62:  - [[Allwinner sunxi family SoCs|Allwinner]]
   63:  - [[BeagleBone and BeagleBone Black|BeagleBone]]
   64:  - [[NVIDIA Tegra|Tegra]]
   65:  - [[ODROID C1 and C1+|ODROID-C1]]
   66:  - [[Raspberry Pi 1, 2 and 3|Raspberry Pi]]
   67: 
   68: """
   69: 
   70: supported_hardware="""
   71: 
   72: **NOTE**: This list is incomplete. For a full list of configurations, please see the [evbarm kernel configs](http://cvsweb.netbsd.org/bsdweb.cgi/src/sys/arch/evbarm/conf/) directory in CVS.
   73: 
   74: [[!toc startlevel=3]]
   75: 
   76: ### ADI Engineering **BRH** ("Big Red Head")
   77: 
   78: The BRH is an evaluation and development platform for the Intel **i80200**
   79: XScale processor. The BRH is based on ADI's **BECC** ("Big Endian Companion
   80: Chip"). The BRH is capable of both big- and little-endian operation, although
   81: NetBSD currently only supports little-endian operation.
   82: 
   83: Support for the BRH was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed by Wasabi
   84: Systems, Inc.
   85: 
   86:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial ports (_com_)
   87:  * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
   88:  * On-chip timer on the BECC (used as system clock)
   89:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI slot
   90: 
   91: The BRH comes with 128M of SDRAM. Systems with BECC revision 7 or less are
   92: limited to 64M due to the layout of the PCI DMA windows. Users of these
   93: systems should obtain an FPGA upgrade from ADI to revision 8 or later of the
   94: BECC.
   95: 
   96: ### Allwinner Technology
   97: Various boards based on [[Allwinner]] SoCs are supported, including the BananaPi, Cubieboard 2, Cubietruck, Cubieboard 4, and Merrii Hummingbird A31.
   98: 
   99: ### Arcom **Viper**
  100: 
  101: The Arcom Viper is a single board computer based on the PXA255 XScale
  102: processor.
  103: 
  104: Support for the Arcom Viper was written by Antti Kantee.
  105: 
  106:  * On-chip timers (_saost_ used as system clock)
  107:  * On-chip serial ports (_com_)
  108:  * On-board SMC91C111 ethernet (_sm_)
  109: 
  110: ### ARM, Ltd. **Integrator**
  111: 
  112: The Integrator/AP is an ATX form-factor board that is used for development of
  113: ARM processor-based designs. It supports up to four processors on plug-in core
  114: modules, and provides clocks, a bus interface, and interrupt support. The
  115: Integrator/AP also supports logic modules which provide additional
  116: peripherals, and can accommodate up to three PCI expansion cards. The
  117: Integrator/AP can also be inserted into a CompactPCI backplane.
  118: 
  119: Support for the Integrator was written by Richard Earnshaw, and contributed by
  120: ARM, Ltd.
  121: 
  122:  * PrimeCell PL010 UARTs in the System Controller FPGA (_plcom_)
  123:  * PrimeCell PL030 Real-time Clock in the System Controller FPGA (_plrtc_)
  124:  * PrimeCell PL181 MultiMedia Card Interface
  125:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI expansion slots
  126: 
  127: ### Atmark Techno **Armadillo-9**
  128: 
  129: The Armadillo-9 is a single board computer based on the EP9315 processor.
  130: 
  131: Support for the Armadillo-9 was written by Katsuomi Hamajima.
  132: 
  133:  * On-CPU RS232 UARTs (2) (_epcom_)
  134:  * On-CPU 10/100 Ethernet MAC (_epe_)
  135:  * system clock from on-CPU timers (_epclk_)
  136:  * CompactFlash socket (_eppcic_)
  137:  * USB 1.1 ports (_ohci_)
  138: 
  139: ### BeagleBoard.org **BeagleBoard** and **BeagleBoard-xM**
  140: The [[BeagleBoard]] is a low-power open-source hardware single-board computer from BeagleBoard.org.
  141: 
  142: ### BeagleBoard.org **BeagleBone** and **BeagleBone Black**
  143: The [[BeagleBone]] is a low-cost credit-card-sized computer from BeagleBoard.org.
  144: 
  145: ### Gumstix, Inc. **gumstix**
  146: 
  147: The [gumstix](http://www.gumstix.com/) is a small form-factor motherboard
  148: based on the PXA255 and PXA270 XScale processor. Supports only PXA255 now.
  149: 
  150: Support for the gumstix was written by KIYOHARA Takashi.
  151: 
  152:  * basix
  153:  * cfstix
  154:  * etherstix
  155:  * netCF
  156:  * netDUO
  157:  * netDUO-mmc
  158:  * netMMC
  159: 
  160: When booting, it is necessary to set these with u-boot dynamically.
  161: 
  162: <pre> > go 0xa0200000 busheader=basix</pre>
  163: 
  164:  * audiostix
  165:  * console-st (waysmall - STUART)
  166:  * console-hw (waysmall)
  167:  * GPSstix (GPS not test)
  168:  * tweener
  169: 
  170: ### Hardkernel ODROID-C1 and ODROID-C1+
  171: 
  172: The [[ODROID-C1]] is a quad core Cortex-A5 small form-factor board from Hardkernel co., Ltd.
  173: 
  174: ### Intel **DBPXA250** ("Lubbock")
  175: 
  176: DBPXA250 (a.k.a. Lubbock) is an evaluation and development platform for the
  177: Intel **PXA250** XScale Core application processor. More information about the **DBPXA250** can be found at [Intel website](http://www.intel.com/design/pca/applicationsprocessors/swsup/index.htm).
  178: 
  179: Support for the **DBPXA250** was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed
  180: by Genetec Corp.
  181: 
  182:  * On-chip timers (_saost_ used as system clock)
  183:  * On-chip 2 serial port (_com_)
  184:  * On-board SMC91C96 ethernet (_sm_)
  185:  * On-board SA-1111 StrongArm companion chip (_sacc_)
  186:  * PS/2 keyboard (_pckbd_)
  187:  * 640x480 LCD (_lcd_)
  188:  * PCMCIA and CF card slots
  189: 
  190: ### Intel **IQ31244**
  191: 
  192: The IQ31244 is a development platform for the Intel **IOP321** I/O Processor
  193: chipset and the Intel **i31244** SATA controller.
  194: 
  195: Initial support for the IQ31244 was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed
  196: by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
  197: 
  198:  * Quad on-board Intel i31244 SATA controllers on the PCI-X bus (_artsata_)
  199:  * On-board Intel i82546EB Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI-X bus (_wm_)
  200:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
  201:  * On-chip timers (TMR0 used as system clock)
  202:  * On-chip Application Accelerator Unit (_iopaau_)
  203:  * On-chip watchdog timer (_iopwdog_)
  204:  * On-board compact flash reader (_wdc_)
  205:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI-X expansion slot
  206: 
  207: ### Intel **IQ80310**
  208: 
  209: The IQ80310 is the reference platform for the Intel **IOP310** I/O Processor
  210: chipset, which is comprised of the i80200 XScale processor and the i80312 I/O
  211: Companion chip.
  212: 
  213: Support for the IQ80310 was written by Jason Thorpe and Allen Briggs, and
  214: contributed by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
  215: 
  216:  * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
  217:  * On-board timer in the CPLD (used as system clock)
  218:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial ports (_com_)
  219:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI expansion slots
  220: 
  221: ### Intel **IQ80321**
  222: 
  223: The IQ80321 is the reference platform for the Intel **IOP321** I/O Processor
  224: (i80321 XScale processor).
  225: 
  226: Support for the IQ80321 was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed by Wasabi
  227: Systems, Inc.
  228: 
  229:  * On-board Intel i82544EI Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI-X bus (_wm_)
  230:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
  231:  * On-chip timers (TMR0 used as system clock)
  232:  * On-chip Application Accelerator Unit (_iopaau_)
  233:  * On-chip watchdog timer (_iopwdog_)
  234:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI-X expansion slots
  235: 
  236: ### Intel **IXM1200**
  237: 
  238: The IXM1200 is the reference platform for the Intel **IXP1200** Network
  239: Processor.
  240: 
  241: Support for the IXM1200 was written by Ichiro FUKUHARA and Naoto Shimazaki.
  242: 
  243:  * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
  244:  * On-board Intel i21555 Non-Transparent PCI-PCI Bridge (_nppb_)
  245:  * On-chip timers (ixpclk0 used as system clock)
  246:  * On-chip serial port (_ixpcom_)
  247: 
  248: ### NOVATEC **NTNP425B** ("ZAO425")
  249: 
  250: NTNP425B is an evaluation and development platform for the Intel **IXP425**
  251: XScale Core NetworkProcessor. NTNP425B is based on the reference board of
  252: Intel **IXDP425**. The **NTNP425B** is capable of only big-endian operation.
  253: Since the library for micro-engine(NPE) offered from Intel Corp. is big-
  254: endian. More information about the **NTNP425B** can be found on [product
  255: catalogue of **NTNP425B**(2.5MB,PDF
  256: file)](http://www.novatec.co.jp/NTNP425BBrochureE.pdf).
  257: 
  258: Support for the NTNP425B was written by Ichiro FUKUHARA.
  259: 
  260:  * On-chip timers (_ixpclk0_ used as system clock)
  261:  * On-chip 2 serial port (_ixpcom0_ and _ixpcom1_)
  262:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI/mPCI slot
  263:  * On-chip watchdog timer (_ixpwdog_)
  264: 
  265: ### NVIDIA Tegra K1
  266: Support for NVIDIA [[Tegra]] K1 SoCs is present in NetBSD-current and
  267: 8.0_BETA. The Jetson TK1 board is currently supported.
  268: 
  269: ### Raspberry Pi Foundation **Raspberry Pi**/**Raspberry Pi 2**/**Raspberry Pi 3**
  270: The [[Raspberry Pi]] is a low-cost credit-card-sized computer from the Raspberry Pi Foundation.  The Raspberry Pi, Pi 2, and Pi 3 are supported.
  271: 
  272: ### Samsung **SMDK2410**
  273: 
  274: The SMDK2410 is the reference platform for the Samsung **S3C2410** processor,
  275: which has an ARM920T core.
  276: 
  277: More information on the S3C2410 can be found at [Samsung Electronics web page]
  278: (http://www.samsung.com/Products/Semiconductor/MobileSoC/ApplicationProcessor/
  279: ARM9Series/S3C2410/S3C2410.htm).
  280: 
  281: Support for the SMDK2410 was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed by
  282: Genetec Corp.
  283: 
  284:  * On-chip serial ports (_sscom_)
  285:  * On-chip USB host controller (_ohc_)
  286:  * On-chip timers (used as system clock)
  287:  * On-chip SPI (_ssspi_, used for other on-board devices)
  288:  * 240x320 TFT LCD (_lcd_)
  289:  * keyboard. (_sskbd_)
  290: 
  291: ### Samsung **SMDK2800**
  292: 
  293: The SMDK2800 is the reference platform for the **Samsung S3C2800** processor,
  294: which has an ARM920T core.
  295: 
  296: S3C2800 has built-in PCI controller, and SMDK2800 has three PCI slots.
  297: 
  298: Support for the SMDK2800 was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed by
  299: Fujitsu Component Ltd., and Genetec Corp.
  300: 
  301:  * On-chip serial ports (_sscom_)
  302:  * On-chip Host-PCI bridge (_sspci_)
  303:  * On-chip timers (used as system clock)
  304:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI slots
  305: 
  306: ### Team ASA, Inc. **Npwr**
  307: 
  308: The Npwr is an IOP310-based design targeted at the network-attached storage
  309: space. The Npwr comes in several configurations (single or dual Gigabit
  310: Ethernet, single or dual Ultra160 SCSI), and can be purchased as a bare board
  311: or as a small server appliance. More information on the Npwr can be found at
  312: the [Team ASA web page](http://www.teamasa.com/).
  313: 
  314: Support for the Npwr was written by Jason Thorpe and Allen Briggs, and
  315: contributed by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
  316: 
  317:  * On-board Intel i82544 Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI bus (_wm_)
  318:  * On-board LSI Logic 53c1010 Ultra160 SCSI on the PCI bus (_siop_)
  319:  * On-board timer in the CPLD (used as system clock)
  320:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
  321: 
  322: ### Technologic Systems **TS-7200**
  323: 
  324: The TS-7200 is a low-cost mass-produced PC/104 embedded single board computer
  325: intended as a general purpose core for real embedded applications. The TS-7200
  326: uses the Cirrus Logic EP9302 ARM9 system-on-chip and comes with a PC/104 (isa)
  327: bus and can either boot to CompactFlash or onboard flash. The board also has
  328: general purpose digital IO and optional multichannel analog-to-digital
  329: converters. More information on the TS-7200 can be found at [Technologic
  330: Systems](http://www.embeddedarm.com/epc/ts7200-spec-h.html).
  331: 
  332: Support for the TS-7200 was written by Jesse Off
  333: 
  334: * On-CPU RS232 UARTs (2) (_epcom_)
  335: * On-CPU 10/100 Ethernet MAC (_epe_)
  336: * CompactFlash socket (_wdc_)
  337: * USB 1.1 ports (2) (_ohci_)
  338: * Watchdog timer on CPLD (_tspld_)
  339: * TMP124 high precision temperature sensor via sysctl
  340: * 64Hz system clock from on-CPU timers (_epclk_)
  341: * HD44780 2x24 text mode LCD (_tslcd_)
  342: * 4x4 16 button matrix keypad (_wskbd_)
  343: * TS-5620 battery backed RTC daughter-card (_tsrtc_)
  344: * 1,2,4 port serial TS-SER daughter cards (_com_)
  345: * Up to 4 10Mb TS-ETH10 daughter cards (_tscs_)
  346: * Other devices inserted into the PC/104 (_isa_) expansion slot
  347: 
  348: """
  349: additional="""
  350:   * The [NetBSD Diskless HOWTO](http://www.netbsd.org/docs/network/netboot/)
  351:   * [ Porting NetBSD/evbarm to the Arcom Viper](http://www.cs.hut.fi/~pooka/pubs/EuroBSDCon2005/viper.pdf), presented at EuroBSDCon 2005.
  352: """
  353: ]]
  354: [[!tag tier1port]]

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