1: [[!template id=port
16: NetBSD/evbarm is the port of NetBSD to various evaluation and prototyping
17: boards based on CPUs implementing the ARM architecture. NetBSD/evbarm also
18: supports some specific embedded system products based on prototype board
21: ### SSH configuration
23: The default configuration will connect to the local network via DHCP and
24: run an SSH server. In order to use the SSH server, we must configure
25: users. This can be done by writing to the SD card's MS-DOS partition.
27: Create a creds.txt file and use:
29: useradd user password
31: \todo Additional configuration options are available on creds_msdos.8
33: ### CPU types
35: The evbarm port can be built with a variety of CPU options, corresponding to the
36: [large array of ARM CPU architectures](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARM_architecture#Cores).
37: There are
38: four main variables: the word size, the instruction set, the
39: endianness, and whether there is hardware floating point. By default
40: the CPU type is "earm", and this implies aarch32 (32-bit), earmv5 cpu
41: architecture, little endian (el when explicitly stated), and soft
42: (Emulated) floating point. Another example, suitable for Raspberry PI
43: 2, is earmv7hf, which is aarch32, the v7 instruction set, little
44: endian, and hardware floating point.
46: Typically, various boards are best compiled with a CPU type that
47: matches the board's CPU and floating point support, but generally a
48: lower CPU instruction set version is workable on a newer board. See
49: build.sh and look for aliases for the evbarm port.
51: Through NetBSD 8, the evbarm port has supported exclusively the
52: aarch32 (32-bit CPU) sub-family of the ARM architecture. Some
53: processors, such as many supporting the armv8 CPU architecture, also
54: support a 64-bit instruction set, referred to as aarch64. This is
55: sometimes referred to as a distinct port, [[NetBSD/aarch64|aarch64]],
56: with code in src/sys/arch/aarch64, but it is built as the evbarm port
57: with aarch64 cpu type, and available as the alias evbarm64.
59: Note that MACHINE_ARCH=aarch64 currently refers to the A64 instruction
60: set and the aarch64 architecture, built for the armv8 architecture.
61: (Note also that armv8 is the first architecture to support aarch64, so
62: this will not be an issue until at least armv9.)
64: ### anita and qemu
66: anita can be used to test builds. (In addition to anita, install qemu and dtb-arm-vexpress from pkgsrc.) The release subdirectory should follow the naming convention on the autobuild cluster, used below.
68: - evbarm-earmv7hf uses "qemu-system-arm -M vexpress-a15"
69: - evbarm-aarch64 uses "qemu-system-aarch64 -M virt"
70: - Information on how to test emulated versions of other specific hardware is welcome.
72: ### Board specific information
73: - [[Allwinner sunxi family SoCs|Allwinner]]
74: - [[BeagleBone, BeagleBone Black, and PocketBeagle|BeagleBone]]
75: - [[NVIDIA Tegra|Tegra]]
76: - [[ODROID C1 and C1+|ODROID-C1]]
77: - [[Raspberry Pi 1, 2 and 3|Raspberry Pi]]
83: **NOTE**: This list is incomplete. For a full list of boards, please see the [GENERIC DTS files](http://cvsweb.netbsd.org/bsdweb.cgi/~checkout~/src/sys/arch/evbarm/conf/GENERIC).
85: [[!toc startlevel=3]]
87: ### ADI Engineering **BRH** ("Big Red Head")
89: The BRH is an evaluation and development platform for the Intel **i80200**
90: XScale processor. The BRH is based on ADI's **BECC** ("Big Endian Companion
91: Chip"). The BRH is capable of both big- and little-endian operation, although
92: NetBSD currently only supports little-endian operation.
94: Support for the BRH was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed by Wasabi
95: Systems, Inc.
97: * On-board NS16550-compatible serial ports (_com_)
98: * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
99: * On-chip timer on the BECC (used as system clock)
100: * Other devices inserted into the PCI slot
102: The BRH comes with 128M of SDRAM. Systems with BECC revision 7 or less are
103: limited to 64M due to the layout of the PCI DMA windows. Users of these
104: systems should obtain an FPGA upgrade from ADI to revision 8 or later of the
107: ### Allwinner Technology
108: Various boards based on [[Allwinner]] SoCs are supported, including the BananaPi, Cubieboard 2, Cubietruck, Cubieboard 4, and Merrii Hummingbird A31.
110: ### Arcom **Viper**
112: The Arcom Viper is a single board computer based on the PXA255 XScale
115: Support for the Arcom Viper was written by Antti Kantee.
117: * On-chip timers (_saost_ used as system clock)
118: * On-chip serial ports (_com_)
119: * On-board SMC91C111 ethernet (_sm_)
121: ### ARM, Ltd. **Integrator**
123: The Integrator/AP is an ATX form-factor board that is used for development of
124: ARM processor-based designs. It supports up to four processors on plug-in core
125: modules, and provides clocks, a bus interface, and interrupt support. The
126: Integrator/AP also supports logic modules which provide additional
127: peripherals, and can accommodate up to three PCI expansion cards. The
128: Integrator/AP can also be inserted into a CompactPCI backplane.
130: Support for the Integrator was written by Richard Earnshaw, and contributed by
131: ARM, Ltd.
133: * PrimeCell PL010 UARTs in the System Controller FPGA (_plcom_)
134: * PrimeCell PL030 Real-time Clock in the System Controller FPGA (_plrtc_)
135: * PrimeCell PL181 MultiMedia Card Interface
136: * Other devices inserted into the PCI expansion slots
138: ### Atmark Techno **Armadillo-9**
140: The Armadillo-9 is a single board computer based on the EP9315 processor.
142: Support for the Armadillo-9 was written by Katsuomi Hamajima.
144: * On-CPU RS232 UARTs (2) (_epcom_)
145: * On-CPU 10/100 Ethernet MAC (_epe_)
146: * system clock from on-CPU timers (_epclk_)
147: * CompactFlash socket (_eppcic_)
148: * USB 1.1 ports (_ohci_)
150: ### BeagleBoard.org **BeagleBoard** and **BeagleBoard-xM**
151: The [[BeagleBoard]] is a low-power open-source hardware single-board computer from BeagleBoard.org.
153: ### BeagleBoard.org **BeagleBone** and **BeagleBone Black**
154: The [[BeagleBone]] is a low-cost credit-card-sized computer from BeagleBoard.org.
156: ### Gumstix, Inc. **gumstix**
158: The [gumstix](http://www.gumstix.com/) is a small form-factor motherboard
159: based on the PXA255 and PXA270 XScale processor. Supports only PXA255 now.
161: Support for the gumstix was written by KIYOHARA Takashi.
163: * basix
164: * cfstix
165: * etherstix
166: * netCF
167: * netDUO
168: * netDUO-mmc
169: * netMMC
171: When booting, it is necessary to set these with u-boot dynamically.
173: <pre> > go 0xa0200000 busheader=basix</pre>
175: * audiostix
176: * console-st (waysmall - STUART)
177: * console-hw (waysmall)
178: * GPSstix (GPS not test)
179: * tweener
181: ### Hardkernel ODROID-C1 and ODROID-C1+
183: The [[ODROID-C1]] is a quad core Cortex-A5 small form-factor board from Hardkernel co., Ltd.
185: ### Intel **DBPXA250** ("Lubbock")
187: DBPXA250 (a.k.a. Lubbock) is an evaluation and development platform for the
188: Intel **PXA250** XScale Core application processor. More information about the **DBPXA250** can be found at [Intel website](http://www.intel.com/design/pca/applicationsprocessors/swsup/index.htm).
190: Support for the **DBPXA250** was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed
191: by Genetec Corp.
193: * On-chip timers (_saost_ used as system clock)
194: * On-chip 2 serial port (_com_)
195: * On-board SMC91C96 ethernet (_sm_)
196: * On-board SA-1111 StrongArm companion chip (_sacc_)
197: * PS/2 keyboard (_pckbd_)
198: * 640x480 LCD (_lcd_)
199: * PCMCIA and CF card slots
201: ### Intel **IQ31244**
203: The IQ31244 is a development platform for the Intel **IOP321** I/O Processor
204: chipset and the Intel **i31244** SATA controller.
206: Initial support for the IQ31244 was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed
207: by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
209: * Quad on-board Intel i31244 SATA controllers on the PCI-X bus (_artsata_)
210: * On-board Intel i82546EB Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI-X bus (_wm_)
211: * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
212: * On-chip timers (TMR0 used as system clock)
213: * On-chip Application Accelerator Unit (_iopaau_)
214: * On-chip watchdog timer (_iopwdog_)
215: * On-board compact flash reader (_wdc_)
216: * Other devices inserted into the PCI-X expansion slot
218: ### Intel **IQ80310**
220: The IQ80310 is the reference platform for the Intel **IOP310** I/O Processor
221: chipset, which is comprised of the i80200 XScale processor and the i80312 I/O
222: Companion chip.
224: Support for the IQ80310 was written by Jason Thorpe and Allen Briggs, and
225: contributed by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
227: * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
228: * On-board timer in the CPLD (used as system clock)
229: * On-board NS16550-compatible serial ports (_com_)
230: * Other devices inserted into the PCI expansion slots
232: ### Intel **IQ80321**
234: The IQ80321 is the reference platform for the Intel **IOP321** I/O Processor
235: (i80321 XScale processor).
237: Support for the IQ80321 was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed by Wasabi
238: Systems, Inc.
240: * On-board Intel i82544EI Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI-X bus (_wm_)
241: * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
242: * On-chip timers (TMR0 used as system clock)
243: * On-chip Application Accelerator Unit (_iopaau_)
244: * On-chip watchdog timer (_iopwdog_)
245: * Other devices inserted into the PCI-X expansion slots
247: ### Intel **IXM1200**
249: The IXM1200 is the reference platform for the Intel **IXP1200** Network
252: Support for the IXM1200 was written by Ichiro FUKUHARA and Naoto Shimazaki.
254: * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
255: * On-board Intel i21555 Non-Transparent PCI-PCI Bridge (_nppb_)
256: * On-chip timers (ixpclk0 used as system clock)
257: * On-chip serial port (_ixpcom_)
259: ### NOVATEC **NTNP425B** ("ZAO425")
261: NTNP425B is an evaluation and development platform for the Intel **IXP425**
262: XScale Core NetworkProcessor. NTNP425B is based on the reference board of
263: Intel **IXDP425**. The **NTNP425B** is capable of only big-endian operation.
264: Since the library for micro-engine(NPE) offered from Intel Corp. is big-
265: endian. More information about the **NTNP425B** can be found on [product
266: catalogue of **NTNP425B**(2.5MB,PDF
269: Support for the NTNP425B was written by Ichiro FUKUHARA.
271: * On-chip timers (_ixpclk0_ used as system clock)
272: * On-chip 2 serial port (_ixpcom0_ and _ixpcom1_)
273: * Other devices inserted into the PCI/mPCI slot
274: * On-chip watchdog timer (_ixpwdog_)
276: ### NVIDIA Tegra K1
277: Support for NVIDIA [[Tegra]] K1 SoCs is present in NetBSD-current and
278: 8.0_BETA. The Jetson TK1 board is currently supported.
280: ### Raspberry Pi Foundation **Raspberry Pi**/**Raspberry Pi 2**/**Raspberry Pi 3**
281: The [[Raspberry Pi]] is a low-cost credit-card-sized computer from the Raspberry Pi Foundation. The Raspberry Pi, Pi 2, and Pi 3 are supported.
283: ### Samsung **SMDK2410**
285: The SMDK2410 is the reference platform for the Samsung **S3C2410** processor,
286: which has an ARM920T core.
288: More information on the S3C2410 can be found at [Samsung Electronics web page]
292: Support for the SMDK2410 was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed by
293: Genetec Corp.
295: * On-chip serial ports (_sscom_)
296: * On-chip USB host controller (_ohc_)
297: * On-chip timers (used as system clock)
298: * On-chip SPI (_ssspi_, used for other on-board devices)
299: * 240x320 TFT LCD (_lcd_)
300: * keyboard. (_sskbd_)
302: ### Samsung **SMDK2800**
304: The SMDK2800 is the reference platform for the **Samsung S3C2800** processor,
305: which has an ARM920T core.
307: S3C2800 has built-in PCI controller, and SMDK2800 has three PCI slots.
309: Support for the SMDK2800 was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed by
310: Fujitsu Component Ltd., and Genetec Corp.
312: * On-chip serial ports (_sscom_)
313: * On-chip Host-PCI bridge (_sspci_)
314: * On-chip timers (used as system clock)
315: * Other devices inserted into the PCI slots
317: ### Team ASA, Inc. **Npwr**
319: The Npwr is an IOP310-based design targeted at the network-attached storage
320: space. The Npwr comes in several configurations (single or dual Gigabit
321: Ethernet, single or dual Ultra160 SCSI), and can be purchased as a bare board
322: or as a small server appliance. More information on the Npwr can be found at
323: the [Team ASA web page](http://www.teamasa.com/).
325: Support for the Npwr was written by Jason Thorpe and Allen Briggs, and
326: contributed by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
328: * On-board Intel i82544 Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI bus (_wm_)
329: * On-board LSI Logic 53c1010 Ultra160 SCSI on the PCI bus (_siop_)
330: * On-board timer in the CPLD (used as system clock)
331: * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
333: ### Technologic Systems **TS-7200**
335: The TS-7200 is a low-cost mass-produced PC/104 embedded single board computer
336: intended as a general purpose core for real embedded applications. The TS-7200
337: uses the Cirrus Logic EP9302 ARM9 system-on-chip and comes with a PC/104 (isa)
338: bus and can either boot to CompactFlash or onboard flash. The board also has
339: general purpose digital IO and optional multichannel analog-to-digital
340: converters. More information on the TS-7200 can be found at [Technologic
343: Support for the TS-7200 was written by Jesse Off
345: * On-CPU RS232 UARTs (2) (_epcom_)
346: * On-CPU 10/100 Ethernet MAC (_epe_)
347: * CompactFlash socket (_wdc_)
348: * USB 1.1 ports (2) (_ohci_)
349: * Watchdog timer on CPLD (_tspld_)
350: * TMP124 high precision temperature sensor via sysctl
351: * 64Hz system clock from on-CPU timers (_epclk_)
352: * HD44780 2x24 text mode LCD (_tslcd_)
353: * 4x4 16 button matrix keypad (_wskbd_)
354: * TS-5620 battery backed RTC daughter-card (_tsrtc_)
355: * 1,2,4 port serial TS-SER daughter cards (_com_)
356: * Up to 4 10Mb TS-ETH10 daughter cards (_tscs_)
357: * Other devices inserted into the PC/104 (_isa_) expansion slot
361: * The [NetBSD Diskless HOWTO](http://www.netbsd.org/docs/network/netboot/)
362: * [ Porting NetBSD/evbarm to the Arcom Viper](http://www.cs.hut.fi/~pooka/pubs/EuroBSDCon2005/viper.pdf), presented at EuroBSDCon 2005.
365: [[!tag tier1port]]
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