1: [[!template id=port
17: NetBSD/evbarm is the port of NetBSD to various evaluation and prototyping
18: boards based on CPUs implementing the ARM architecture. NetBSD/evbarm also
19: supports some specific embedded system products based on prototype board
22: ### CPU types
24: The evbarm port can be built with a variety of CPU options, corresponding to the
25: [large array of ARM CPU architectures](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARM_architecture#Cores).
26: There are
27: four main variables: the word size, the instruction set, the
28: endianness, and whether there is hardware floating point. By default
29: the CPU type is "earm", and this implies aarch32 (32-bit), earmv5 cpu
30: architecture, little endian (el when explicitly stated), and soft
31: (Emulated) floating point. Another example, suitable for Raspberry PI
32: 2, is earmv7hf, which is aarch32, the v7 instruction set, little
33: endian, and hardware floating point.
35: Typically, various boards are best compiled with a CPU type that
36: matches the board's CPU and floating point support, but generally a
37: lower CPU instruction set version is workable on a newer board. See
38: build.sh and look for aliases for the evbarm port.
40: Through NetBSD 8, the evbarm port has supported exclusively the
41: aarch32 (32-bit CPU) sub-family of the ARM architecture. Some
42: processors, such as many supporting the armv8 CPU architecture, also
43: support a 64-bit instruction set, referred to as aarch64. This is
44: sometimes referred to as a distinct port, [[NetBSD/aarch64|aarch64]],
45: with code in src/sys/arch/aarch64, but it is built as the evbarm port
46: with aarch64 cpu type, and available as the alias evbarm64.
48: Note that MACHINE_ARCH=aarch64 currently refers to the A64 instruction
49: set and the aarch64 architecture, built for the armv8 architecture.
50: (Note also that armv8 is the first architecture to support aarch64, so
51: this will not be an issue until at least armv9.)
53: ### QEMU
55: See the [[NetBSD/evbarm under QEMU|qemu_arm]] page for instructions on how to get started with QEMU.
57: ### anita
59: anita can be used to test builds. (In addition to anita, install qemu and dtb-arm-vexpress from pkgsrc.) The release subdirectory should follow the naming convention on the autobuild cluster, used below.
61: - evbarm-earmv7hf uses "qemu-system-arm -M vexpress-a15"
62: - evbarm-aarch64 uses "qemu-system-aarch64 -M virt"
63: - Information on how to test emulated versions of other specific hardware is welcome.
65: ### armbsd.org builds
67: NetBSD developer Jared McNeill provides [builds of NetBSD 9 and -current for a vast variety of hardware.](https://www.armbsd.org/) In addition to the standard build, these images have board-specific U-Boot contents. See also /usr/pkgsrc/sysutils/u-boot*.
69: ### Board specific information (often including installation information)
70: - [[Allwinner sunxi family SoCs|Allwinner]]
71: - [[BeagleBone, BeagleBone Black, and PocketBeagle|BeagleBone]]
72: - [[NVIDIA Tegra|Tegra]]
73: - [[ODROID C1 and C1+|ODROID-C1]]
74: - [[Raspberry Pi 1, 2 and 3|Raspberry Pi]]
75: - [[RockChip SoCs|RockChip]]
76: - [[Terasic DE0 Nano-SoC|Cyclone5]]
78: ### SSH configuration for installtion
80: The default configuration will connect to the local network via DHCP and
81: run an SSH server. In order to use the SSH server, we must configure
82: users. This can be done by writing to the SD card's MS-DOS partition.
84: Create a creds.txt file and use:
86: useradd user password
88: <!--TODO: Additional configuration options are available on creds_msdos.8-->
93: **NOTE**: This list is incomplete. For a full list of boards, please see the [GENERIC DTS files](http://cvsweb.netbsd.org/bsdweb.cgi/~checkout~/src/sys/arch/evbarm/conf/GENERIC).
95: [[!toc startlevel=3]]
97: ### ADI Engineering **BRH** ("Big Red Head")
99: The BRH is an evaluation and development platform for the Intel **i80200**
100: XScale processor. The BRH is based on ADI's **BECC** ("Big Endian Companion
101: Chip"). The BRH is capable of both big- and little-endian operation, although
102: NetBSD currently only supports little-endian operation.
104: Support for the BRH was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed by Wasabi
105: Systems, Inc.
107: * On-board NS16550-compatible serial ports (_com_)
108: * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
109: * On-chip timer on the BECC (used as system clock)
110: * Other devices inserted into the PCI slot
112: The BRH comes with 128M of SDRAM. Systems with BECC revision 7 or less are
113: limited to 64M due to the layout of the PCI DMA windows. Users of these
114: systems should obtain an FPGA upgrade from ADI to revision 8 or later of the
117: ### Allwinner Technology
118: Various boards based on [[Allwinner]] SoCs are supported, including the BananaPi, Cubieboard 2, Cubietruck, Cubieboard 4, and Merrii Hummingbird A31.
120: ### Arcom **Viper**
122: The Arcom Viper is a single board computer based on the PXA255 XScale
125: Support for the Arcom Viper was written by Antti Kantee.
127: * On-chip timers (_saost_ used as system clock)
128: * On-chip serial ports (_com_)
129: * On-board SMC91C111 ethernet (_sm_)
131: ### ARM, Ltd. **Integrator**
133: The Integrator/AP is an ATX form-factor board that is used for development of
134: ARM processor-based designs. It supports up to four processors on plug-in core
135: modules, and provides clocks, a bus interface, and interrupt support. The
136: Integrator/AP also supports logic modules which provide additional
137: peripherals, and can accommodate up to three PCI expansion cards. The
138: Integrator/AP can also be inserted into a CompactPCI backplane.
140: Support for the Integrator was written by Richard Earnshaw, and contributed by
141: ARM, Ltd.
143: * PrimeCell PL010 UARTs in the System Controller FPGA (_plcom_)
144: * PrimeCell PL030 Real-time Clock in the System Controller FPGA (_plrtc_)
145: * PrimeCell PL181 MultiMedia Card Interface
146: * Other devices inserted into the PCI expansion slots
148: ### Atmark Techno **Armadillo-9**
150: The Armadillo-9 is a single board computer based on the EP9315 processor.
152: Support for the Armadillo-9 was written by Katsuomi Hamajima.
154: * On-CPU RS232 UARTs (2) (_epcom_)
155: * On-CPU 10/100 Ethernet MAC (_epe_)
156: * system clock from on-CPU timers (_epclk_)
157: * CompactFlash socket (_eppcic_)
158: * USB 1.1 ports (_ohci_)
160: ### BeagleBoard.org **BeagleBoard** and **BeagleBoard-xM**
161: The [[BeagleBoard]] is a low-power open-source hardware single-board computer from BeagleBoard.org.
163: ### BeagleBoard.org **BeagleBone** and **BeagleBone Black**
164: The [[BeagleBone]] is a low-cost credit-card-sized computer from BeagleBoard.org.
166: ### Gumstix, Inc. **gumstix**
168: The [gumstix](http://www.gumstix.com/) is a small form-factor motherboard
169: based on the PXA255 and PXA270 XScale processor. Supports only PXA255 now.
171: Support for the gumstix was written by KIYOHARA Takashi.
173: * basix
174: * cfstix
175: * etherstix
176: * netCF
177: * netDUO
178: * netDUO-mmc
179: * netMMC
181: When booting, it is necessary to set these with u-boot dynamically.
183: <pre> > go 0xa0200000 busheader=basix</pre>
185: * audiostix
186: * console-st (waysmall - STUART)
187: * console-hw (waysmall)
188: * GPSstix (GPS not test)
189: * tweener
191: ### Hardkernel ODROID-C1 and ODROID-C1+
193: The [[ODROID-C1]] is a quad core Cortex-A5 small form-factor board from Hardkernel co., Ltd.
195: ### Intel **DBPXA250** ("Lubbock")
197: DBPXA250 (a.k.a. Lubbock) is an evaluation and development platform for the
198: Intel **PXA250** XScale Core application processor. More information about the **DBPXA250** can be found at [Intel website](http://www.intel.com/design/pca/applicationsprocessors/swsup/index.htm).
200: Support for the **DBPXA250** was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed
201: by Genetec Corp.
203: * On-chip timers (_saost_ used as system clock)
204: * On-chip 2 serial port (_com_)
205: * On-board SMC91C96 ethernet (_sm_)
206: * On-board SA-1111 StrongArm companion chip (_sacc_)
207: * PS/2 keyboard (_pckbd_)
208: * 640x480 LCD (_lcd_)
209: * PCMCIA and CF card slots
211: ### Intel **IQ31244**
213: The IQ31244 is a development platform for the Intel **IOP321** I/O Processor
214: chipset and the Intel **i31244** SATA controller.
216: Initial support for the IQ31244 was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed
217: by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
219: * Quad on-board Intel i31244 SATA controllers on the PCI-X bus (_artsata_)
220: * On-board Intel i82546EB Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI-X bus (_wm_)
221: * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
222: * On-chip timers (TMR0 used as system clock)
223: * On-chip Application Accelerator Unit (_iopaau_)
224: * On-chip watchdog timer (_iopwdog_)
225: * On-board compact flash reader (_wdc_)
226: * Other devices inserted into the PCI-X expansion slot
228: ### Intel **IQ80310**
230: The IQ80310 is the reference platform for the Intel **IOP310** I/O Processor
231: chipset, which is comprised of the i80200 XScale processor and the i80312 I/O
232: Companion chip.
234: Support for the IQ80310 was written by Jason Thorpe and Allen Briggs, and
235: contributed by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
237: * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
238: * On-board timer in the CPLD (used as system clock)
239: * On-board NS16550-compatible serial ports (_com_)
240: * Other devices inserted into the PCI expansion slots
242: ### Intel **IQ80321**
244: The IQ80321 is the reference platform for the Intel **IOP321** I/O Processor
245: (i80321 XScale processor).
247: Support for the IQ80321 was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed by Wasabi
248: Systems, Inc.
250: * On-board Intel i82544EI Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI-X bus (_wm_)
251: * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
252: * On-chip timers (TMR0 used as system clock)
253: * On-chip Application Accelerator Unit (_iopaau_)
254: * On-chip watchdog timer (_iopwdog_)
255: * Other devices inserted into the PCI-X expansion slots
257: ### Intel **IXM1200**
259: The IXM1200 is the reference platform for the Intel **IXP1200** Network
262: Support for the IXM1200 was written by Ichiro FUKUHARA and Naoto Shimazaki.
264: * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
265: * On-board Intel i21555 Non-Transparent PCI-PCI Bridge (_nppb_)
266: * On-chip timers (ixpclk0 used as system clock)
267: * On-chip serial port (_ixpcom_)
269: ### NOVATEC **NTNP425B** ("ZAO425")
271: NTNP425B is an evaluation and development platform for the Intel **IXP425**
272: XScale Core NetworkProcessor. NTNP425B is based on the reference board of
273: Intel **IXDP425**. The **NTNP425B** is capable of only big-endian operation.
274: Since the library for micro-engine(NPE) offered from Intel Corp. is big-
275: endian. More information about the **NTNP425B** can be found on [product
276: catalogue of **NTNP425B**(2.5MB,PDF
279: Support for the NTNP425B was written by Ichiro FUKUHARA.
281: * On-chip timers (_ixpclk0_ used as system clock)
282: * On-chip 2 serial port (_ixpcom0_ and _ixpcom1_)
283: * Other devices inserted into the PCI/mPCI slot
284: * On-chip watchdog timer (_ixpwdog_)
286: ### NVIDIA Tegra K1
287: Support for NVIDIA [[Tegra]] K1 SoCs is present in NetBSD-current and
288: 8.0_BETA. The Jetson TK1 board is currently supported.
290: ### Raspberry Pi Foundation **Raspberry Pi**/**Raspberry Pi 2**/**Raspberry Pi 3**
291: The [[Raspberry Pi]] is a low-cost credit-card-sized computer from the Raspberry Pi Foundation. The Raspberry Pi, Pi 2, and Pi 3 are supported.
293: See the [[Raspberry Pi 1, 2 and 3|Raspberry Pi]] page for much more information.
295: ### Samsung **SMDK2410**
297: The SMDK2410 is the reference platform for the Samsung **S3C2410** processor,
298: which has an ARM920T core.
300: More information on the S3C2410 can be found at [Samsung Electronics web page]
304: Support for the SMDK2410 was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed by
305: Genetec Corp.
307: * On-chip serial ports (_sscom_)
308: * On-chip USB host controller (_ohc_)
309: * On-chip timers (used as system clock)
310: * On-chip SPI (_ssspi_, used for other on-board devices)
311: * 240x320 TFT LCD (_lcd_)
312: * keyboard. (_sskbd_)
314: ### Samsung **SMDK2800**
316: The SMDK2800 is the reference platform for the **Samsung S3C2800** processor,
317: which has an ARM920T core.
319: S3C2800 has built-in PCI controller, and SMDK2800 has three PCI slots.
321: Support for the SMDK2800 was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed by
322: Fujitsu Component Ltd., and Genetec Corp.
324: * On-chip serial ports (_sscom_)
325: * On-chip Host-PCI bridge (_sspci_)
326: * On-chip timers (used as system clock)
327: * Other devices inserted into the PCI slots
329: ### Team ASA, Inc. **Npwr**
331: The Npwr is an IOP310-based design targeted at the network-attached storage
332: space. The Npwr comes in several configurations (single or dual Gigabit
333: Ethernet, single or dual Ultra160 SCSI), and can be purchased as a bare board
334: or as a small server appliance. More information on the Npwr can be found at
335: the [Team ASA web page](http://www.teamasa.com/).
337: Support for the Npwr was written by Jason Thorpe and Allen Briggs, and
338: contributed by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
340: * On-board Intel i82544 Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI bus (_wm_)
341: * On-board LSI Logic 53c1010 Ultra160 SCSI on the PCI bus (_siop_)
342: * On-board timer in the CPLD (used as system clock)
343: * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
345: ### Technologic Systems **TS-7200**
347: The TS-7200 is a low-cost mass-produced PC/104 embedded single board computer
348: intended as a general purpose core for real embedded applications. The TS-7200
349: uses the Cirrus Logic EP9302 ARM9 system-on-chip and comes with a PC/104 (isa)
350: bus and can either boot to CompactFlash or onboard flash. The board also has
351: general purpose digital IO and optional multichannel analog-to-digital
352: converters. More information on the TS-7200 can be found at [Technologic
355: Support for the TS-7200 was written by Jesse Off
357: * On-CPU RS232 UARTs (2) (_epcom_)
358: * On-CPU 10/100 Ethernet MAC (_epe_)
359: * CompactFlash socket (_wdc_)
360: * USB 1.1 ports (2) (_ohci_)
361: * Watchdog timer on CPLD (_tspld_)
362: * TMP124 high precision temperature sensor via sysctl
363: * 64Hz system clock from on-CPU timers (_epclk_)
364: * HD44780 2x24 text mode LCD (_tslcd_)
365: * 4x4 16 button matrix keypad (_wskbd_)
366: * TS-5620 battery backed RTC daughter-card (_tsrtc_)
367: * 1,2,4 port serial TS-SER daughter cards (_com_)
368: * Up to 4 10Mb TS-ETH10 daughter cards (_tscs_)
369: * Other devices inserted into the PC/104 (_isa_) expansion slot
373: * The [NetBSD Diskless HOWTO](http://www.netbsd.org/docs/network/netboot/)
374: * [ Porting NetBSD/evbarm to the Arcom Viper](http://www.cs.hut.fi/~pooka/pubs/EuroBSDCon2005/viper.pdf), presented at EuroBSDCon 2005.
377: [[!tag tier1port]]
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