Annotation of wikisrc/ports/evbarm.mdwn, revision 1.74

1.1       mspo        1: [[!template id=port
                      2: port="evbarm"
1.6       mspo        3: port_alt="arm"
1.49      leot        4: port_var1="earm"
                      5: port_var2="earmeb"
                      6: port_var3="earmv6hf"
                      7: port_var4="earmv7hf"
                      8: port_var5="earmv7hfeb"
                      9: port_var_install_notes="evbarm-earm"
1.70      martin     10: cur_rel="8.1"
1.48      martin     11: future_rel="9.0"
1.70      martin     12: changes_cur="8.1"
1.48      martin     13: changes_future="9.0"
1.71      leot       14: thumbnail="//www.netbsd.org/images/ports/evbarm/adi_brh.gif"
1.1       mspo       15: about="""
                     16: NetBSD/evbarm is the port of NetBSD to various evaluation and prototyping
                     17: boards based on CPUs implementing the ARM architecture. NetBSD/evbarm also
                     18: supports some specific embedded system products based on prototype board
                     19: designs.
                     20: 
1.74    ! maya       21: ### SSH configuration
        !            22: 
        !            23: The default configuration will connect to the local network via DHCP and
        !            24: run an SSH server. In order to use the SSH server, we must configure
        !            25: users. This can be done by writing to the SD card's MS-DOS partition.
        !            26: 
        !            27: Create a creds.txt file and use:
        !            28: 
        !            29:            useradd user password
        !            30: 
        !            31: \todo Additional configuration options are available on creds_msdos.8
        !            32: 
1.42      gdt        33: ### CPU types
                     34: 
1.57      gdt        35: The evbarm port can be built with a variety of CPU options, corresponding to the
                     36: [large array of ARM CPU architectures](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARM_architecture#Cores).
                     37: There are
1.56      gdt        38: four main variables: the word size, the instruction set, the
                     39: endianness, and whether there is hardware floating point.  By default
1.68      gdt        40: the CPU type is "earm", and this implies aarch32 (32-bit), earmv5 cpu
1.56      gdt        41: architecture, little endian (el when explicitly stated), and soft
1.58      gdt        42: (Emulated) floating point.  Another example, suitable for Raspberry PI
1.56      gdt        43: 2, is earmv7hf, which is aarch32, the v7 instruction set, little
                     44: endian, and hardware floating point.
1.42      gdt        45: 
                     46: Typically, various boards are best compiled with a CPU type that
                     47: matches the board's CPU and floating point support, but generally a
                     48: lower CPU instruction set version is workable on a newer board.  See
                     49: build.sh and look for aliases for the evbarm port.
                     50: 
1.56      gdt        51: Through NetBSD 8, the evbarm port has supported exclusively the
                     52: aarch32 (32-bit CPU) sub-family of the ARM architecture.  Some
                     53: processors, such as many supporting the armv8 CPU architecture, also
                     54: support a 64-bit instruction set, referred to as aarch64.  This is
                     55: sometimes referred to as a distinct port, [[NetBSD/aarch64|aarch64]],
                     56: with code in src/sys/arch/aarch64, but it is built as the evbarm port
                     57: with aarch64 cpu type, and available as the alias evbarm64.
1.50      gdt        58: 
1.58      gdt        59: Note that MACHINE_ARCH=aarch64 currently refers to the A64 instruction
                     60: set and the aarch64 architecture, built for the armv8 architecture.
                     61: (Note also that armv8 is the first architecture to support aarch64, so
                     62: this will not be an issue until at least armv9.)
                     63: 
1.51      gdt        64: ### anita and qemu
                     65: 
1.52      gdt        66: anita can be used to test builds.  (In addition to anita, install qemu and dtb-arm-vexpress from pkgsrc.)   The release subdirectory should follow the naming convention on the autobuild cluster, used below.
1.54      gdt        67: 
1.55      gson       68:  - evbarm-earmv7hf uses "qemu-system-arm -M vexpress-a15"
                     69:  - evbarm-aarch64 uses "qemu-system-aarch64 -M virt"
1.53      gdt        70:  - Information on how to test emulated versions of other specific hardware is welcome.
1.51      gdt        71: 
1.27      wiki       72: ### Board specific information
1.38      wiki       73:  - [[Allwinner sunxi family SoCs|Allwinner]]
1.69      sevan      74:  - [[BeagleBone, BeagleBone Black, and PocketBeagle|BeagleBone]]
1.41      wiki       75:  - [[NVIDIA Tegra|Tegra]]
1.27      wiki       76:  - [[ODROID C1 and C1+|ODROID-C1]]
1.40      gdt        77:  - [[Raspberry Pi 1, 2 and 3|Raspberry Pi]]
1.27      wiki       78: 
1.1       mspo       79: """
1.27      wiki       80: 
1.1       mspo       81: supported_hardware="""
1.11      wiki       82: 
1.18      wiki       83: **NOTE**: This list is incomplete. For a full list of configurations, please see the [evbarm kernel configs](http://cvsweb.netbsd.org/bsdweb.cgi/src/sys/arch/evbarm/conf/) directory in CVS.
                     84: 
1.11      wiki       85: [[!toc startlevel=3]]
                     86: 
1.36      sevan      87: ### ADI Engineering **BRH** ("Big Red Head")
1.12      wiki       88: 
                     89: The BRH is an evaluation and development platform for the Intel **i80200**
                     90: XScale processor. The BRH is based on ADI's **BECC** ("Big Endian Companion
                     91: Chip"). The BRH is capable of both big- and little-endian operation, although
1.21      snj        92: NetBSD currently only supports little-endian operation.
1.12      wiki       93: 
                     94: Support for the BRH was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed by Wasabi
                     95: Systems, Inc.
                     96: 
                     97:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial ports (_com_)
                     98:  * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
                     99:  * On-chip timer on the BECC (used as system clock)
                    100:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI slot
1.5       wiki      101: 
1.12      wiki      102: The BRH comes with 128M of SDRAM. Systems with BECC revision 7 or less are
                    103: limited to 64M due to the layout of the PCI DMA windows. Users of these
                    104: systems should obtain an FPGA upgrade from ADI to revision 8 or later of the
                    105: BECC.
1.5       wiki      106: 
1.39      wiki      107: ### Allwinner Technology
1.15      wiki      108: Various boards based on [[Allwinner]] SoCs are supported, including the BananaPi, Cubieboard 2, Cubietruck, Cubieboard 4, and Merrii Hummingbird A31.
1.10      wiki      109: 
1.12      wiki      110: ### Arcom **Viper**
1.1       mspo      111: 
1.12      wiki      112: The Arcom Viper is a single board computer based on the PXA255 XScale
                    113: processor.
1.1       mspo      114: 
1.12      wiki      115: Support for the Arcom Viper was written by Antti Kantee.
1.1       mspo      116: 
1.12      wiki      117:  * On-chip timers (_saost_ used as system clock)
                    118:  * On-chip serial ports (_com_)
1.36      sevan     119:  * On-board SMC91C111 ethernet (_sm_)
1.1       mspo      120: 
1.3       wiki      121: ### ARM, Ltd. **Integrator**
1.1       mspo      122: 
                    123: The Integrator/AP is an ATX form-factor board that is used for development of
                    124: ARM processor-based designs. It supports up to four processors on plug-in core
                    125: modules, and provides clocks, a bus interface, and interrupt support. The
                    126: Integrator/AP also supports logic modules which provide additional
                    127: peripherals, and can accommodate up to three PCI expansion cards. The
                    128: Integrator/AP can also be inserted into a CompactPCI backplane.
                    129: 
                    130: Support for the Integrator was written by Richard Earnshaw, and contributed by
                    131: ARM, Ltd.
                    132: 
1.2       mspo      133:  * PrimeCell PL010 UARTs in the System Controller FPGA (_plcom_)
                    134:  * PrimeCell PL030 Real-time Clock in the System Controller FPGA (_plrtc_)
1.23      ryoon     135:  * PrimeCell PL181 MultiMedia Card Interface
1.2       mspo      136:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI expansion slots
1.1       mspo      137: 
1.12      wiki      138: ### Atmark Techno **Armadillo-9**
                    139: 
                    140: The Armadillo-9 is a single board computer based on the EP9315 processor.
                    141: 
                    142: Support for the Armadillo-9 was written by Katsuomi Hamajima.
                    143: 
                    144:  * On-CPU RS232 UARTs (2) (_epcom_)
                    145:  * On-CPU 10/100 Ethernet MAC (_epe_)
                    146:  * system clock from on-CPU timers (_epclk_)
                    147:  * CompactFlash socket (_eppcic_)
                    148:  * USB 1.1 ports (_ohci_)
                    149: 
1.19      wiki      150: ### BeagleBoard.org **BeagleBoard** and **BeagleBoard-xM**
                    151: The [[BeagleBoard]] is a low-power open-source hardware single-board computer from BeagleBoard.org.
                    152: 
                    153: ### BeagleBoard.org **BeagleBone** and **BeagleBone Black**
                    154: The [[BeagleBone]] is a low-cost credit-card-sized computer from BeagleBoard.org.
1.12      wiki      155: 
                    156: ### Gumstix, Inc. **gumstix**
                    157: 
                    158: The [gumstix](http://www.gumstix.com/) is a small form-factor motherboard
                    159: based on the PXA255 and PXA270 XScale processor. Supports only PXA255 now.
                    160: 
                    161: Support for the gumstix was written by KIYOHARA Takashi.
                    162: 
                    163:  * basix
                    164:  * cfstix
                    165:  * etherstix
                    166:  * netCF
                    167:  * netDUO
                    168:  * netDUO-mmc
1.36      sevan     169:  * netMMC
1.12      wiki      170: 
                    171: When booting, it is necessary to set these with u-boot dynamically.
                    172: 
                    173: <pre> > go 0xa0200000 busheader=basix</pre>
                    174: 
                    175:  * audiostix
                    176:  * console-st (waysmall - STUART)
                    177:  * console-hw (waysmall)
                    178:  * GPSstix (GPS not test)
                    179:  * tweener
                    180: 
1.26      wiki      181: ### Hardkernel ODROID-C1 and ODROID-C1+
1.16      wiki      182: 
                    183: The [[ODROID-C1]] is a quad core Cortex-A5 small form-factor board from Hardkernel co., Ltd.
                    184: 
1.36      sevan     185: ### Intel **DBPXA250** ("Lubbock")
1.12      wiki      186: 
                    187: DBPXA250 (a.k.a. Lubbock) is an evaluation and development platform for the
                    188: Intel **PXA250** XScale Core application processor. More information about the **DBPXA250** can be found at [Intel website](http://www.intel.com/design/pca/applicationsprocessors/swsup/index.htm).
                    189: 
                    190: Support for the **DBPXA250** was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed
                    191: by Genetec Corp.
                    192: 
                    193:  * On-chip timers (_saost_ used as system clock)
                    194:  * On-chip 2 serial port (_com_)
                    195:  * On-board SMC91C96 ethernet (_sm_)
                    196:  * On-board SA-1111 StrongArm companion chip (_sacc_)
                    197:  * PS/2 keyboard (_pckbd_)
                    198:  * 640x480 LCD (_lcd_)
                    199:  * PCMCIA and CF card slots
                    200: 
1.3       wiki      201: ### Intel **IQ31244**
1.1       mspo      202: 
                    203: The IQ31244 is a development platform for the Intel **IOP321** I/O Processor
                    204: chipset and the Intel **i31244** SATA controller.
                    205: 
                    206: Initial support for the IQ31244 was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed
                    207: by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
                    208: 
1.2       mspo      209:  * Quad on-board Intel i31244 SATA controllers on the PCI-X bus (_artsata_)
                    210:  * On-board Intel i82546EB Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI-X bus (_wm_)
                    211:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
                    212:  * On-chip timers (TMR0 used as system clock)
                    213:  * On-chip Application Accelerator Unit (_iopaau_)
                    214:  * On-chip watchdog timer (_iopwdog_)
                    215:  * On-board compact flash reader (_wdc_)
                    216:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI-X expansion slot
1.1       mspo      217: 
1.3       wiki      218: ### Intel **IQ80310**
1.1       mspo      219: 
                    220: The IQ80310 is the reference platform for the Intel **IOP310** I/O Processor
                    221: chipset, which is comprised of the i80200 XScale processor and the i80312 I/O
                    222: Companion chip.
                    223: 
                    224: Support for the IQ80310 was written by Jason Thorpe and Allen Briggs, and
                    225: contributed by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
                    226: 
1.2       mspo      227:  * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
                    228:  * On-board timer in the CPLD (used as system clock)
                    229:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial ports (_com_)
                    230:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI expansion slots
1.1       mspo      231: 
1.3       wiki      232: ### Intel **IQ80321**
1.1       mspo      233: 
                    234: The IQ80321 is the reference platform for the Intel **IOP321** I/O Processor
                    235: (i80321 XScale processor).
                    236: 
                    237: Support for the IQ80321 was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed by Wasabi
                    238: Systems, Inc.
                    239: 
1.2       mspo      240:  * On-board Intel i82544EI Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI-X bus (_wm_)
                    241:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
                    242:  * On-chip timers (TMR0 used as system clock)
                    243:  * On-chip Application Accelerator Unit (_iopaau_)
                    244:  * On-chip watchdog timer (_iopwdog_)
                    245:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI-X expansion slots
1.1       mspo      246: 
1.3       wiki      247: ### Intel **IXM1200**
1.1       mspo      248: 
                    249: The IXM1200 is the reference platform for the Intel **IXP1200** Network
                    250: Processor.
                    251: 
                    252: Support for the IXM1200 was written by Ichiro FUKUHARA and Naoto Shimazaki.
                    253: 
1.2       mspo      254:  * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
                    255:  * On-board Intel i21555 Non-Transparent PCI-PCI Bridge (_nppb_)
                    256:  * On-chip timers (ixpclk0 used as system clock)
                    257:  * On-chip serial port (_ixpcom_)
1.1       mspo      258: 
1.36      sevan     259: ### NOVATEC **NTNP425B** ("ZAO425")
1.12      wiki      260: 
                    261: NTNP425B is an evaluation and development platform for the Intel **IXP425**
                    262: XScale Core NetworkProcessor. NTNP425B is based on the reference board of
                    263: Intel **IXDP425**. The **NTNP425B** is capable of only big-endian operation.
                    264: Since the library for micro-engine(NPE) offered from Intel Corp. is big-
                    265: endian. More information about the **NTNP425B** can be found on [product
                    266: catalogue of **NTNP425B**(2.5MB,PDF
                    267: file)](http://www.novatec.co.jp/NTNP425BBrochureE.pdf).
                    268: 
                    269: Support for the NTNP425B was written by Ichiro FUKUHARA.
                    270: 
                    271:  * On-chip timers (_ixpclk0_ used as system clock)
                    272:  * On-chip 2 serial port (_ixpcom0_ and _ixpcom1_)
                    273:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI/mPCI slot
                    274:  * On-chip watchdog timer (_ixpwdog_)
                    275: 
1.20      wiki      276: ### NVIDIA Tegra K1
1.37      snj       277: Support for NVIDIA [[Tegra]] K1 SoCs is present in NetBSD-current and
                    278: 8.0_BETA. The Jetson TK1 board is currently supported.
1.20      wiki      279: 
1.40      gdt       280: ### Raspberry Pi Foundation **Raspberry Pi**/**Raspberry Pi 2**/**Raspberry Pi 3**
                    281: The [[Raspberry Pi]] is a low-cost credit-card-sized computer from the Raspberry Pi Foundation.  The Raspberry Pi, Pi 2, and Pi 3 are supported.
1.12      wiki      282: 
1.3       wiki      283: ### Samsung **SMDK2410**
1.1       mspo      284: 
                    285: The SMDK2410 is the reference platform for the Samsung **S3C2410** processor,
                    286: which has an ARM920T core.
                    287: 
                    288: More information on the S3C2410 can be found at [Samsung Electronics web page]
                    289: (http://www.samsung.com/Products/Semiconductor/MobileSoC/ApplicationProcessor/
                    290: ARM9Series/S3C2410/S3C2410.htm).
                    291: 
                    292: Support for the SMDK2410 was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed by
                    293: Genetec Corp.
                    294: 
1.2       mspo      295:  * On-chip serial ports (_sscom_)
                    296:  * On-chip USB host controller (_ohc_)
                    297:  * On-chip timers (used as system clock)
                    298:  * On-chip SPI (_ssspi_, used for other on-board devices)
                    299:  * 240x320 TFT LCD (_lcd_)
                    300:  * keyboard. (_sskbd_)
1.1       mspo      301: 
1.3       wiki      302: ### Samsung **SMDK2800**
1.1       mspo      303: 
                    304: The SMDK2800 is the reference platform for the **Samsung S3C2800** processor,
                    305: which has an ARM920T core.
                    306: 
                    307: S3C2800 has built-in PCI controller, and SMDK2800 has three PCI slots.
                    308: 
                    309: Support for the SMDK2800 was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed by
                    310: Fujitsu Component Ltd., and Genetec Corp.
                    311: 
1.2       mspo      312:  * On-chip serial ports (_sscom_)
                    313:  * On-chip Host-PCI bridge (_sspci_)
                    314:  * On-chip timers (used as system clock)
1.36      sevan     315:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI slots
1.1       mspo      316: 
1.12      wiki      317: ### Team ASA, Inc. **Npwr**
1.1       mspo      318: 
1.12      wiki      319: The Npwr is an IOP310-based design targeted at the network-attached storage
                    320: space. The Npwr comes in several configurations (single or dual Gigabit
                    321: Ethernet, single or dual Ultra160 SCSI), and can be purchased as a bare board
                    322: or as a small server appliance. More information on the Npwr can be found at
                    323: the [Team ASA web page](http://www.teamasa.com/).
1.1       mspo      324: 
1.12      wiki      325: Support for the Npwr was written by Jason Thorpe and Allen Briggs, and
                    326: contributed by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
1.1       mspo      327: 
1.12      wiki      328:  * On-board Intel i82544 Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI bus (_wm_)
                    329:  * On-board LSI Logic 53c1010 Ultra160 SCSI on the PCI bus (_siop_)
                    330:  * On-board timer in the CPLD (used as system clock)
                    331:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
1.1       mspo      332: 
1.12      wiki      333: ### Technologic Systems **TS-7200**
1.1       mspo      334: 
1.12      wiki      335: The TS-7200 is a low-cost mass-produced PC/104 embedded single board computer
                    336: intended as a general purpose core for real embedded applications. The TS-7200
                    337: uses the Cirrus Logic EP9302 ARM9 system-on-chip and comes with a PC/104 (isa)
                    338: bus and can either boot to CompactFlash or onboard flash. The board also has
                    339: general purpose digital IO and optional multichannel analog-to-digital
                    340: converters. More information on the TS-7200 can be found at [Technologic
                    341: Systems](http://www.embeddedarm.com/epc/ts7200-spec-h.html).
1.1       mspo      342: 
1.12      wiki      343: Support for the TS-7200 was written by Jesse Off
1.1       mspo      344: 
1.12      wiki      345: * On-CPU RS232 UARTs (2) (_epcom_)
                    346: * On-CPU 10/100 Ethernet MAC (_epe_)
                    347: * CompactFlash socket (_wdc_)
                    348: * USB 1.1 ports (2) (_ohci_)
                    349: * Watchdog timer on CPLD (_tspld_)
                    350: * TMP124 high precision temperature sensor via sysctl
                    351: * 64Hz system clock from on-CPU timers (_epclk_)
                    352: * HD44780 2x24 text mode LCD (_tslcd_)
                    353: * 4x4 16 button matrix keypad (_wskbd_)
                    354: * TS-5620 battery backed RTC daughter-card (_tsrtc_)
                    355: * 1,2,4 port serial TS-SER daughter cards (_com_)
                    356: * Up to 4 10Mb TS-ETH10 daughter cards (_tscs_)
                    357: * Other devices inserted into the PC/104 (_isa_) expansion slot
1.1       mspo      358: 
                    359: """
1.13      wiki      360: additional="""
1.22      wiki      361:   * The [NetBSD Diskless HOWTO](http://www.netbsd.org/docs/network/netboot/)
1.36      sevan     362:   * [ Porting NetBSD/evbarm to the Arcom Viper](http://www.cs.hut.fi/~pooka/pubs/EuroBSDCon2005/viper.pdf), presented at EuroBSDCon 2005.
1.1       mspo      363: """
                    364: ]]
                    365: [[!tag tier1port]]

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