Annotation of wikisrc/ports/evbarm.mdwn, revision 1.72

1.1       mspo        1: [[!template id=port
                      2: port="evbarm"
1.6       mspo        3: port_alt="arm"
1.49      leot        4: port_var1="earm"
                      5: port_var2="earmeb"
                      6: port_var3="earmv6hf"
                      7: port_var4="earmv7hf"
                      8: port_var5="earmv7hfeb"
                      9: port_var_install_notes="evbarm-earm"
1.70      martin     10: cur_rel="8.1"
1.48      martin     11: future_rel="9.0"
1.70      martin     12: changes_cur="8.1"
1.48      martin     13: changes_future="9.0"
1.71      leot       14: thumbnail="//www.netbsd.org/images/ports/evbarm/adi_brh.gif"
1.1       mspo       15: about="""
                     16: NetBSD/evbarm is the port of NetBSD to various evaluation and prototyping
                     17: boards based on CPUs implementing the ARM architecture. NetBSD/evbarm also
                     18: supports some specific embedded system products based on prototype board
                     19: designs.
                     20: 
1.7       mspo       21: Matt Thomas is the maintainer of NetBSD/evbarm.
1.27      wiki       22: 
1.42      gdt        23: ### CPU types
                     24: 
1.57      gdt        25: The evbarm port can be built with a variety of CPU options, corresponding to the
                     26: [large array of ARM CPU architectures](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARM_architecture#Cores).
                     27: There are
1.56      gdt        28: four main variables: the word size, the instruction set, the
                     29: endianness, and whether there is hardware floating point.  By default
1.68      gdt        30: the CPU type is "earm", and this implies aarch32 (32-bit), earmv5 cpu
1.56      gdt        31: architecture, little endian (el when explicitly stated), and soft
1.58      gdt        32: (Emulated) floating point.  Another example, suitable for Raspberry PI
1.56      gdt        33: 2, is earmv7hf, which is aarch32, the v7 instruction set, little
                     34: endian, and hardware floating point.
1.42      gdt        35: 
                     36: Typically, various boards are best compiled with a CPU type that
                     37: matches the board's CPU and floating point support, but generally a
                     38: lower CPU instruction set version is workable on a newer board.  See
                     39: build.sh and look for aliases for the evbarm port.
                     40: 
1.56      gdt        41: Through NetBSD 8, the evbarm port has supported exclusively the
                     42: aarch32 (32-bit CPU) sub-family of the ARM architecture.  Some
                     43: processors, such as many supporting the armv8 CPU architecture, also
                     44: support a 64-bit instruction set, referred to as aarch64.  This is
                     45: sometimes referred to as a distinct port, [[NetBSD/aarch64|aarch64]],
                     46: with code in src/sys/arch/aarch64, but it is built as the evbarm port
                     47: with aarch64 cpu type, and available as the alias evbarm64.
1.50      gdt        48: 
1.58      gdt        49: Note that MACHINE_ARCH=aarch64 currently refers to the A64 instruction
                     50: set and the aarch64 architecture, built for the armv8 architecture.
                     51: (Note also that armv8 is the first architecture to support aarch64, so
                     52: this will not be an issue until at least armv9.)
                     53: 
1.43      gdt        54: ### Kernels and userland
                     55: 
                     56: The evbarm userland can be used on any system that can run code of the
                     57: CPU type used for the build.  Typically, a particular board requires a
                     58: kernel for that board.
                     59: 
1.51      gdt        60: ### anita and qemu
                     61: 
1.52      gdt        62: anita can be used to test builds.  (In addition to anita, install qemu and dtb-arm-vexpress from pkgsrc.)   The release subdirectory should follow the naming convention on the autobuild cluster, used below.
1.54      gdt        63: 
1.55      gson       64:  - evbarm-earmv7hf uses "qemu-system-arm -M vexpress-a15"
                     65:  - evbarm-aarch64 uses "qemu-system-aarch64 -M virt"
1.53      gdt        66:  - Information on how to test emulated versions of other specific hardware is welcome.
1.51      gdt        67: 
1.27      wiki       68: ### Board specific information
1.38      wiki       69:  - [[Allwinner sunxi family SoCs|Allwinner]]
1.69      sevan      70:  - [[BeagleBone, BeagleBone Black, and PocketBeagle|BeagleBone]]
1.41      wiki       71:  - [[NVIDIA Tegra|Tegra]]
1.27      wiki       72:  - [[ODROID C1 and C1+|ODROID-C1]]
1.40      gdt        73:  - [[Raspberry Pi 1, 2 and 3|Raspberry Pi]]
1.27      wiki       74: 
1.1       mspo       75: """
1.27      wiki       76: 
1.1       mspo       77: supported_hardware="""
1.11      wiki       78: 
1.18      wiki       79: **NOTE**: This list is incomplete. For a full list of configurations, please see the [evbarm kernel configs](http://cvsweb.netbsd.org/bsdweb.cgi/src/sys/arch/evbarm/conf/) directory in CVS.
                     80: 
1.11      wiki       81: [[!toc startlevel=3]]
                     82: 
1.36      sevan      83: ### ADI Engineering **BRH** ("Big Red Head")
1.12      wiki       84: 
                     85: The BRH is an evaluation and development platform for the Intel **i80200**
                     86: XScale processor. The BRH is based on ADI's **BECC** ("Big Endian Companion
                     87: Chip"). The BRH is capable of both big- and little-endian operation, although
1.21      snj        88: NetBSD currently only supports little-endian operation.
1.12      wiki       89: 
                     90: Support for the BRH was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed by Wasabi
                     91: Systems, Inc.
                     92: 
                     93:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial ports (_com_)
                     94:  * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
                     95:  * On-chip timer on the BECC (used as system clock)
                     96:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI slot
1.5       wiki       97: 
1.12      wiki       98: The BRH comes with 128M of SDRAM. Systems with BECC revision 7 or less are
                     99: limited to 64M due to the layout of the PCI DMA windows. Users of these
                    100: systems should obtain an FPGA upgrade from ADI to revision 8 or later of the
                    101: BECC.
1.5       wiki      102: 
1.39      wiki      103: ### Allwinner Technology
1.15      wiki      104: Various boards based on [[Allwinner]] SoCs are supported, including the BananaPi, Cubieboard 2, Cubietruck, Cubieboard 4, and Merrii Hummingbird A31.
1.10      wiki      105: 
1.12      wiki      106: ### Arcom **Viper**
1.1       mspo      107: 
1.12      wiki      108: The Arcom Viper is a single board computer based on the PXA255 XScale
                    109: processor.
1.1       mspo      110: 
1.12      wiki      111: Support for the Arcom Viper was written by Antti Kantee.
1.1       mspo      112: 
1.12      wiki      113:  * On-chip timers (_saost_ used as system clock)
                    114:  * On-chip serial ports (_com_)
1.36      sevan     115:  * On-board SMC91C111 ethernet (_sm_)
1.1       mspo      116: 
1.3       wiki      117: ### ARM, Ltd. **Integrator**
1.1       mspo      118: 
                    119: The Integrator/AP is an ATX form-factor board that is used for development of
                    120: ARM processor-based designs. It supports up to four processors on plug-in core
                    121: modules, and provides clocks, a bus interface, and interrupt support. The
                    122: Integrator/AP also supports logic modules which provide additional
                    123: peripherals, and can accommodate up to three PCI expansion cards. The
                    124: Integrator/AP can also be inserted into a CompactPCI backplane.
                    125: 
                    126: Support for the Integrator was written by Richard Earnshaw, and contributed by
                    127: ARM, Ltd.
                    128: 
1.2       mspo      129:  * PrimeCell PL010 UARTs in the System Controller FPGA (_plcom_)
                    130:  * PrimeCell PL030 Real-time Clock in the System Controller FPGA (_plrtc_)
1.23      ryoon     131:  * PrimeCell PL181 MultiMedia Card Interface
1.2       mspo      132:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI expansion slots
1.1       mspo      133: 
1.12      wiki      134: ### Atmark Techno **Armadillo-9**
                    135: 
                    136: The Armadillo-9 is a single board computer based on the EP9315 processor.
                    137: 
                    138: Support for the Armadillo-9 was written by Katsuomi Hamajima.
                    139: 
                    140:  * On-CPU RS232 UARTs (2) (_epcom_)
                    141:  * On-CPU 10/100 Ethernet MAC (_epe_)
                    142:  * system clock from on-CPU timers (_epclk_)
                    143:  * CompactFlash socket (_eppcic_)
                    144:  * USB 1.1 ports (_ohci_)
                    145: 
1.19      wiki      146: ### BeagleBoard.org **BeagleBoard** and **BeagleBoard-xM**
                    147: The [[BeagleBoard]] is a low-power open-source hardware single-board computer from BeagleBoard.org.
                    148: 
                    149: ### BeagleBoard.org **BeagleBone** and **BeagleBone Black**
                    150: The [[BeagleBone]] is a low-cost credit-card-sized computer from BeagleBoard.org.
1.12      wiki      151: 
                    152: ### Gumstix, Inc. **gumstix**
                    153: 
                    154: The [gumstix](http://www.gumstix.com/) is a small form-factor motherboard
                    155: based on the PXA255 and PXA270 XScale processor. Supports only PXA255 now.
                    156: 
                    157: Support for the gumstix was written by KIYOHARA Takashi.
                    158: 
                    159:  * basix
                    160:  * cfstix
                    161:  * etherstix
                    162:  * netCF
                    163:  * netDUO
                    164:  * netDUO-mmc
1.36      sevan     165:  * netMMC
1.12      wiki      166: 
                    167: When booting, it is necessary to set these with u-boot dynamically.
                    168: 
                    169: <pre> > go 0xa0200000 busheader=basix</pre>
                    170: 
                    171:  * audiostix
                    172:  * console-st (waysmall - STUART)
                    173:  * console-hw (waysmall)
                    174:  * GPSstix (GPS not test)
                    175:  * tweener
                    176: 
1.26      wiki      177: ### Hardkernel ODROID-C1 and ODROID-C1+
1.16      wiki      178: 
                    179: The [[ODROID-C1]] is a quad core Cortex-A5 small form-factor board from Hardkernel co., Ltd.
                    180: 
1.36      sevan     181: ### Intel **DBPXA250** ("Lubbock")
1.12      wiki      182: 
                    183: DBPXA250 (a.k.a. Lubbock) is an evaluation and development platform for the
                    184: Intel **PXA250** XScale Core application processor. More information about the **DBPXA250** can be found at [Intel website](http://www.intel.com/design/pca/applicationsprocessors/swsup/index.htm).
                    185: 
                    186: Support for the **DBPXA250** was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed
                    187: by Genetec Corp.
                    188: 
                    189:  * On-chip timers (_saost_ used as system clock)
                    190:  * On-chip 2 serial port (_com_)
                    191:  * On-board SMC91C96 ethernet (_sm_)
                    192:  * On-board SA-1111 StrongArm companion chip (_sacc_)
                    193:  * PS/2 keyboard (_pckbd_)
                    194:  * 640x480 LCD (_lcd_)
                    195:  * PCMCIA and CF card slots
                    196: 
1.3       wiki      197: ### Intel **IQ31244**
1.1       mspo      198: 
                    199: The IQ31244 is a development platform for the Intel **IOP321** I/O Processor
                    200: chipset and the Intel **i31244** SATA controller.
                    201: 
                    202: Initial support for the IQ31244 was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed
                    203: by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
                    204: 
1.2       mspo      205:  * Quad on-board Intel i31244 SATA controllers on the PCI-X bus (_artsata_)
                    206:  * On-board Intel i82546EB Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI-X bus (_wm_)
                    207:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
                    208:  * On-chip timers (TMR0 used as system clock)
                    209:  * On-chip Application Accelerator Unit (_iopaau_)
                    210:  * On-chip watchdog timer (_iopwdog_)
                    211:  * On-board compact flash reader (_wdc_)
                    212:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI-X expansion slot
1.1       mspo      213: 
1.3       wiki      214: ### Intel **IQ80310**
1.1       mspo      215: 
                    216: The IQ80310 is the reference platform for the Intel **IOP310** I/O Processor
                    217: chipset, which is comprised of the i80200 XScale processor and the i80312 I/O
                    218: Companion chip.
                    219: 
                    220: Support for the IQ80310 was written by Jason Thorpe and Allen Briggs, and
                    221: contributed by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
                    222: 
1.2       mspo      223:  * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
                    224:  * On-board timer in the CPLD (used as system clock)
                    225:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial ports (_com_)
                    226:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI expansion slots
1.1       mspo      227: 
1.3       wiki      228: ### Intel **IQ80321**
1.1       mspo      229: 
                    230: The IQ80321 is the reference platform for the Intel **IOP321** I/O Processor
                    231: (i80321 XScale processor).
                    232: 
                    233: Support for the IQ80321 was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed by Wasabi
                    234: Systems, Inc.
                    235: 
1.2       mspo      236:  * On-board Intel i82544EI Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI-X bus (_wm_)
                    237:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
                    238:  * On-chip timers (TMR0 used as system clock)
                    239:  * On-chip Application Accelerator Unit (_iopaau_)
                    240:  * On-chip watchdog timer (_iopwdog_)
                    241:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI-X expansion slots
1.1       mspo      242: 
1.3       wiki      243: ### Intel **IXM1200**
1.1       mspo      244: 
                    245: The IXM1200 is the reference platform for the Intel **IXP1200** Network
                    246: Processor.
                    247: 
                    248: Support for the IXM1200 was written by Ichiro FUKUHARA and Naoto Shimazaki.
                    249: 
1.2       mspo      250:  * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
                    251:  * On-board Intel i21555 Non-Transparent PCI-PCI Bridge (_nppb_)
                    252:  * On-chip timers (ixpclk0 used as system clock)
                    253:  * On-chip serial port (_ixpcom_)
1.1       mspo      254: 
1.36      sevan     255: ### NOVATEC **NTNP425B** ("ZAO425")
1.12      wiki      256: 
                    257: NTNP425B is an evaluation and development platform for the Intel **IXP425**
                    258: XScale Core NetworkProcessor. NTNP425B is based on the reference board of
                    259: Intel **IXDP425**. The **NTNP425B** is capable of only big-endian operation.
                    260: Since the library for micro-engine(NPE) offered from Intel Corp. is big-
                    261: endian. More information about the **NTNP425B** can be found on [product
                    262: catalogue of **NTNP425B**(2.5MB,PDF
                    263: file)](http://www.novatec.co.jp/NTNP425BBrochureE.pdf).
                    264: 
                    265: Support for the NTNP425B was written by Ichiro FUKUHARA.
                    266: 
                    267:  * On-chip timers (_ixpclk0_ used as system clock)
                    268:  * On-chip 2 serial port (_ixpcom0_ and _ixpcom1_)
                    269:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI/mPCI slot
                    270:  * On-chip watchdog timer (_ixpwdog_)
                    271: 
1.20      wiki      272: ### NVIDIA Tegra K1
1.37      snj       273: Support for NVIDIA [[Tegra]] K1 SoCs is present in NetBSD-current and
                    274: 8.0_BETA. The Jetson TK1 board is currently supported.
1.20      wiki      275: 
1.40      gdt       276: ### Raspberry Pi Foundation **Raspberry Pi**/**Raspberry Pi 2**/**Raspberry Pi 3**
                    277: The [[Raspberry Pi]] is a low-cost credit-card-sized computer from the Raspberry Pi Foundation.  The Raspberry Pi, Pi 2, and Pi 3 are supported.
1.12      wiki      278: 
1.3       wiki      279: ### Samsung **SMDK2410**
1.1       mspo      280: 
                    281: The SMDK2410 is the reference platform for the Samsung **S3C2410** processor,
                    282: which has an ARM920T core.
                    283: 
                    284: More information on the S3C2410 can be found at [Samsung Electronics web page]
                    285: (http://www.samsung.com/Products/Semiconductor/MobileSoC/ApplicationProcessor/
                    286: ARM9Series/S3C2410/S3C2410.htm).
                    287: 
                    288: Support for the SMDK2410 was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed by
                    289: Genetec Corp.
                    290: 
1.2       mspo      291:  * On-chip serial ports (_sscom_)
                    292:  * On-chip USB host controller (_ohc_)
                    293:  * On-chip timers (used as system clock)
                    294:  * On-chip SPI (_ssspi_, used for other on-board devices)
                    295:  * 240x320 TFT LCD (_lcd_)
                    296:  * keyboard. (_sskbd_)
1.1       mspo      297: 
1.3       wiki      298: ### Samsung **SMDK2800**
1.1       mspo      299: 
                    300: The SMDK2800 is the reference platform for the **Samsung S3C2800** processor,
                    301: which has an ARM920T core.
                    302: 
                    303: S3C2800 has built-in PCI controller, and SMDK2800 has three PCI slots.
                    304: 
                    305: Support for the SMDK2800 was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed by
                    306: Fujitsu Component Ltd., and Genetec Corp.
                    307: 
1.2       mspo      308:  * On-chip serial ports (_sscom_)
                    309:  * On-chip Host-PCI bridge (_sspci_)
                    310:  * On-chip timers (used as system clock)
1.36      sevan     311:  * Other devices inserted into the PCI slots
1.1       mspo      312: 
1.12      wiki      313: ### Team ASA, Inc. **Npwr**
1.1       mspo      314: 
1.12      wiki      315: The Npwr is an IOP310-based design targeted at the network-attached storage
                    316: space. The Npwr comes in several configurations (single or dual Gigabit
                    317: Ethernet, single or dual Ultra160 SCSI), and can be purchased as a bare board
                    318: or as a small server appliance. More information on the Npwr can be found at
                    319: the [Team ASA web page](http://www.teamasa.com/).
1.1       mspo      320: 
1.12      wiki      321: Support for the Npwr was written by Jason Thorpe and Allen Briggs, and
                    322: contributed by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
1.1       mspo      323: 
1.12      wiki      324:  * On-board Intel i82544 Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI bus (_wm_)
                    325:  * On-board LSI Logic 53c1010 Ultra160 SCSI on the PCI bus (_siop_)
                    326:  * On-board timer in the CPLD (used as system clock)
                    327:  * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
1.1       mspo      328: 
1.12      wiki      329: ### Technologic Systems **TS-7200**
1.1       mspo      330: 
1.12      wiki      331: The TS-7200 is a low-cost mass-produced PC/104 embedded single board computer
                    332: intended as a general purpose core for real embedded applications. The TS-7200
                    333: uses the Cirrus Logic EP9302 ARM9 system-on-chip and comes with a PC/104 (isa)
                    334: bus and can either boot to CompactFlash or onboard flash. The board also has
                    335: general purpose digital IO and optional multichannel analog-to-digital
                    336: converters. More information on the TS-7200 can be found at [Technologic
                    337: Systems](http://www.embeddedarm.com/epc/ts7200-spec-h.html).
1.1       mspo      338: 
1.12      wiki      339: Support for the TS-7200 was written by Jesse Off
1.1       mspo      340: 
1.12      wiki      341: * On-CPU RS232 UARTs (2) (_epcom_)
                    342: * On-CPU 10/100 Ethernet MAC (_epe_)
                    343: * CompactFlash socket (_wdc_)
                    344: * USB 1.1 ports (2) (_ohci_)
                    345: * Watchdog timer on CPLD (_tspld_)
                    346: * TMP124 high precision temperature sensor via sysctl
                    347: * 64Hz system clock from on-CPU timers (_epclk_)
                    348: * HD44780 2x24 text mode LCD (_tslcd_)
                    349: * 4x4 16 button matrix keypad (_wskbd_)
                    350: * TS-5620 battery backed RTC daughter-card (_tsrtc_)
                    351: * 1,2,4 port serial TS-SER daughter cards (_com_)
                    352: * Up to 4 10Mb TS-ETH10 daughter cards (_tscs_)
                    353: * Other devices inserted into the PC/104 (_isa_) expansion slot
1.1       mspo      354: 
                    355: """
1.13      wiki      356: additional="""
1.22      wiki      357:   * The [NetBSD Diskless HOWTO](http://www.netbsd.org/docs/network/netboot/)
1.36      sevan     358:   * [ Porting NetBSD/evbarm to the Arcom Viper](http://www.cs.hut.fi/~pooka/pubs/EuroBSDCon2005/viper.pdf), presented at EuroBSDCon 2005.
1.1       mspo      359: """
                    360: ]]
                    361: [[!tag tier1port]]

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