Diff for /wikisrc/ports/evbarm.mdwn between versions 1.1 and 1.65

version 1.1, 2012/04/29 13:46:32 version 1.65, 2018/11/24 16:22:20
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 [[!template id=port  [[!template id=port
 port="evbarm"  port="evbarm"
 cur_rel="5.1.2"  port_alt="arm"
 future_rel="6.0"  port_var1="earm"
 changes_cur="5.0"  port_var2="earmeb"
 changes_future="6.0"  port_var3="earmv6hf"
   port_var4="earmv7hf"
   port_var5="earmv7hfeb"
   port_var_install_notes="evbarm-earm"
   cur_rel="8.0"
   future_rel="9.0"
   changes_cur="8.0"
   changes_future="9.0"
 thumbnail="http://www.netbsd.org/images/ports/evbarm/adi_brh.gif"  thumbnail="http://www.netbsd.org/images/ports/evbarm/adi_brh.gif"
 about="""  about="""
 NetBSD/evbarm is the port of NetBSD to various evaluation and prototyping  NetBSD/evbarm is the port of NetBSD to various evaluation and prototyping
Line 11  boards based on CPUs implementing the AR Line 18  boards based on CPUs implementing the AR
 supports some specific embedded system products based on prototype board  supports some specific embedded system products based on prototype board
 designs.  designs.
   
 Jason Thorpe is the maintainer of NetBSD/evbarm.  Matt Thomas is the maintainer of NetBSD/evbarm.
   
   ### CPU types
   
   The evbarm port can be built with a variety of CPU options, corresponding to the
   [large array of ARM CPU architectures](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARM_architecture#Cores).
   There are
   four main variables: the word size, the instruction set, the
   endianness, and whether there is hardware floating point.  By default
   the CPU type is "earm", and this implies aarch32 (32-bit), \todo cpu
   architecture, little endian (el when explicitly stated), and soft
   (Emulated) floating point.  Another example, suitable for Raspberry PI
   2, is earmv7hf, which is aarch32, the v7 instruction set, little
   endian, and hardware floating point.
   
   Typically, various boards are best compiled with a CPU type that
   matches the board's CPU and floating point support, but generally a
   lower CPU instruction set version is workable on a newer board.  See
   build.sh and look for aliases for the evbarm port.
   
   Through NetBSD 8, the evbarm port has supported exclusively the
   aarch32 (32-bit CPU) sub-family of the ARM architecture.  Some
   processors, such as many supporting the armv8 CPU architecture, also
   support a 64-bit instruction set, referred to as aarch64.  This is
   sometimes referred to as a distinct port, [[NetBSD/aarch64|aarch64]],
   with code in src/sys/arch/aarch64, but it is built as the evbarm port
   with aarch64 cpu type, and available as the alias evbarm64.
   
   Note that MACHINE_ARCH=aarch64 currently refers to the A64 instruction
   set and the aarch64 architecture, built for the armv8 architecture.
   (Note also that armv8 is the first architecture to support aarch64, so
   this will not be an issue until at least armv9.)
   
   #### ABI types
   
   There are two basic ABIs on ARM.  One, called oabi, assumed a
   particular kind of hardware floating point (FPA).  This results in
   faulting any floating-point instructions for kernel emulation on a
   vast number of CPus, which is very slow.  A newer one, called eabi,
   has two variants.  Both have stricter alignment rules, tending to 8
   byte rather than 4 bytes for 8-byte types (but actually read the specs
   if you care).  The one without "hf" emulates floating point without
   causing traps/emulation, and "hf" uses VFP instructions, which are
   present on modern CPUs. See the
   [TS-7200](https://wiki.embeddedarm.com/wiki/EABI_vs_OABI) and
   [Debian](https://wiki.debian.org/ArmEabiPort) documentation.
   
   Now, EABI is normal, and OABI is crufty.  The only real reason NetBSD
   retains OABI support is binary compatibility with older releases.  The
   "arm" and "armeb" MACHINE_ARCH targets are OABI; the rest of the
   targets, all having "earm" are EABI.
   
   \todo CHECK THIS: The "aarch64" MACHINE_ARCH target is an EABI variant.
   
   ### Relationship of MACHINE_ARCH to official ARM terminology
   
   Note that these are all little endian, and have big endian variants
   with a "eb" suffix.   
   
   [[!table data=<<EOT
   MACHINE_ARCH |bits | ARM architecture version            |ABI
   arm          |32   |?                                    |oabi
   earm         |32   |armv4 (effectively an alias)         |eabi
   earmv4       |32   |armv4 (no thumb, so ok on strongarm) |eabi
   earmv5       |32   |armv5t                               |eabi
   earmv6       |32   |armv6                                |eabi
   earmv7       |32   |armv7                                |eabi
   aarch64      |64   |armv8                                |\todo ? eabi
   EOT]]
   
   \todo Explain why, if we have armv4, and this is confusing, we still have earm as a MACHINE_ARCH.
   
   \todo Explain why aarch64 is a MACHINE_ARCH, when it seems like it
   should be something like armv8hf_64.
   
   \todo Explain if MACHINE_ARCH values correspond to a particular
   argument to some CPU selection command in gcc (and/or clang).
   
   ### Kernels and userland
   
   The evbarm userland can be used on any system that can run code of the
   CPU type used for the build.  Typically, a particular board requires a
   kernel for that board.
   
   ### anita and qemu
   
   anita can be used to test builds.  (In addition to anita, install qemu and dtb-arm-vexpress from pkgsrc.)   The release subdirectory should follow the naming convention on the autobuild cluster, used below.
   
    - evbarm-earmv7hf uses "qemu-system-arm -M vexpress-a15"
    - evbarm-aarch64 uses "qemu-system-aarch64 -M virt"
    - Information on how to test emulated versions of other specific hardware is welcome.
   
   ### Board specific information
    - [[Allwinner sunxi family SoCs|Allwinner]]
    - [[BeagleBone and BeagleBone Black|BeagleBone]]
    - [[NVIDIA Tegra|Tegra]]
    - [[ODROID C1 and C1+|ODROID-C1]]
    - [[Raspberry Pi 1, 2 and 3|Raspberry Pi]]
   
 """  """
   
 supported_hardware="""  supported_hardware="""
   * Technologic Systems **TS-7200**  
   
 The TS-7200 is a low-cost mass-produced PC/104 embedded single board computer  **NOTE**: This list is incomplete. For a full list of configurations, please see the [evbarm kernel configs](http://cvsweb.netbsd.org/bsdweb.cgi/src/sys/arch/evbarm/conf/) directory in CVS.
 intended as a general purpose core for real embedded applications. The TS-7200  
 uses the Cirrus Logic EP9302 ARM9 system-on-chip and comes with a PC/104 (isa)  
 bus and can either boot to CompactFlash or onboard flash. The board also has  
 general purpose digital IO and optional multichannel analog-to-digital  
 converters. More information on the TS-7200 can be found at [Technologic  
 Systems](http://www.embeddedarm.com/epc/ts7200-spec-h.html).  
   
 Support for the TS-7200 was written by Jesse Off  [[!toc startlevel=3]]
   
   ### ADI Engineering **BRH** ("Big Red Head")
   
   The BRH is an evaluation and development platform for the Intel **i80200**
   XScale processor. The BRH is based on ADI's **BECC** ("Big Endian Companion
   Chip"). The BRH is capable of both big- and little-endian operation, although
   NetBSD currently only supports little-endian operation.
   
   Support for the BRH was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed by Wasabi
   Systems, Inc.
   
    * On-board NS16550-compatible serial ports (_com_)
    * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
    * On-chip timer on the BECC (used as system clock)
    * Other devices inserted into the PCI slot
   
   The BRH comes with 128M of SDRAM. Systems with BECC revision 7 or less are
   limited to 64M due to the layout of the PCI DMA windows. Users of these
   systems should obtain an FPGA upgrade from ADI to revision 8 or later of the
   BECC.
   
   ### Allwinner Technology
   Various boards based on [[Allwinner]] SoCs are supported, including the BananaPi, Cubieboard 2, Cubietruck, Cubieboard 4, and Merrii Hummingbird A31.
   
     * On-CPU RS232 UARTs (2) (_epcom_)  ### Arcom **Viper**
     * On-CPU 10/100 Ethernet MAC (_epe_)  
     * CompactFlash socket (_wdc_)  
     * USB 1.1 ports (2) (_ohci_)  
     * Watchdog timer on CPLD (_tspld_)  
     * TMP124 high precision temperature sensor via sysctl  
     * 64Hz system clock from on-CPU timers (_epclk_)  
     * HD44780 2x24 text mode LCD (_tslcd_)  
     * 4x4 16 button matrix keypad (_wskbd_)  
     * TS-5620 battery backed RTC daughter-card (_tsrtc_)  
     * 1,2,4 port serial TS-SER daughter cards (_com_)  
     * Up to 4 10Mb TS-ETH10 daughter cards (_tscs_)  
     * Other devices inserted into the PC/104 (_isa_) expansion slot  
   
   * ARM, Ltd. **Integrator**  The Arcom Viper is a single board computer based on the PXA255 XScale
   processor.
   
   Support for the Arcom Viper was written by Antti Kantee.
   
    * On-chip timers (_saost_ used as system clock)
    * On-chip serial ports (_com_)
    * On-board SMC91C111 ethernet (_sm_)
   
   ### ARM, Ltd. **Integrator**
   
 The Integrator/AP is an ATX form-factor board that is used for development of  The Integrator/AP is an ATX form-factor board that is used for development of
 ARM processor-based designs. It supports up to four processors on plug-in core  ARM processor-based designs. It supports up to four processors on plug-in core
Line 52  Integrator/AP can also be inserted into  Line 171  Integrator/AP can also be inserted into 
 Support for the Integrator was written by Richard Earnshaw, and contributed by  Support for the Integrator was written by Richard Earnshaw, and contributed by
 ARM, Ltd.  ARM, Ltd.
   
     * PrimeCell PL010 UARTs in the System Controller FPGA (_plcom_)   * PrimeCell PL010 UARTs in the System Controller FPGA (_plcom_)
     * PrimeCell PL030 Real-time Clock in the System Controller FPGA (_plrtc_)   * PrimeCell PL030 Real-time Clock in the System Controller FPGA (_plrtc_)
     * Other devices inserted into the PCI expansion slots   * PrimeCell PL181 MultiMedia Card Interface
    * Other devices inserted into the PCI expansion slots
   
   * Intel **IQ31244**  ### Atmark Techno **Armadillo-9**
   
 The IQ31244 is a development platform for the Intel **IOP321** I/O Processor  The Armadillo-9 is a single board computer based on the EP9315 processor.
 chipset and the Intel **i31244** SATA controller.  
   
 Initial support for the IQ31244 was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed  Support for the Armadillo-9 was written by Katsuomi Hamajima.
 by Wasabi Systems, Inc.  
   
     * Quad on-board Intel i31244 SATA controllers on the PCI-X bus (_artsata_)   * On-CPU RS232 UARTs (2) (_epcom_)
     * On-board Intel i82546EB Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI-X bus (_wm_)   * On-CPU 10/100 Ethernet MAC (_epe_)
     * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)   * system clock from on-CPU timers (_epclk_)
     * On-chip timers (TMR0 used as system clock)   * CompactFlash socket (_eppcic_)
     * On-chip Application Accelerator Unit (_iopaau_)   * USB 1.1 ports (_ohci_)
     * On-chip watchdog timer (_iopwdog_)  
     * On-board compact flash reader (_wdc_)  
     * Other devices inserted into the PCI-X expansion slot  
   
   * Intel **IQ80310**  ### BeagleBoard.org **BeagleBoard** and **BeagleBoard-xM**
   The [[BeagleBoard]] is a low-power open-source hardware single-board computer from BeagleBoard.org.
   
 The IQ80310 is the reference platform for the Intel **IOP310** I/O Processor  ### BeagleBoard.org **BeagleBone** and **BeagleBone Black**
 chipset, which is comprised of the i80200 XScale processor and the i80312 I/O  The [[BeagleBone]] is a low-cost credit-card-sized computer from BeagleBoard.org.
 Companion chip.  
   
 Support for the IQ80310 was written by Jason Thorpe and Allen Briggs, and  ### Gumstix, Inc. **gumstix**
 contributed by Wasabi Systems, Inc.  
   
     * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)  The [gumstix](http://www.gumstix.com/) is a small form-factor motherboard
     * On-board timer in the CPLD (used as system clock)  based on the PXA255 and PXA270 XScale processor. Supports only PXA255 now.
     * On-board NS16550-compatible serial ports (_com_)  
     * Other devices inserted into the PCI expansion slots  
   
   * Intel **IQ80321**  Support for the gumstix was written by KIYOHARA Takashi.
   
 The IQ80321 is the reference platform for the Intel **IOP321** I/O Processor   * basix
 (i80321 XScale processor).   * cfstix
    * etherstix
    * netCF
    * netDUO
    * netDUO-mmc
    * netMMC
   
 Support for the IQ80321 was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed by Wasabi  When booting, it is necessary to set these with u-boot dynamically.
 Systems, Inc.  
   
     * On-board Intel i82544EI Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI-X bus (_wm_)  <pre> > go 0xa0200000 busheader=basix</pre>
     * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)  
     * On-chip timers (TMR0 used as system clock)  
     * On-chip Application Accelerator Unit (_iopaau_)  
     * On-chip watchdog timer (_iopwdog_)  
     * Other devices inserted into the PCI-X expansion slots  
   
   * Team ASA, Inc. **Npwr**   * audiostix
    * console-st (waysmall - STUART)
    * console-hw (waysmall)
    * GPSstix (GPS not test)
    * tweener
   
 The Npwr is an IOP310-based design targeted at the network-attached storage  ### Hardkernel ODROID-C1 and ODROID-C1+
 space. The Npwr comes in several configurations (single or dual Gigabit  
 Ethernet, single or dual Ultra160 SCSI), and can be purchased as a bare board  
 or as a small server appliance. More information on the Npwr can be found at  
 the [Team ASA web page](http://www.teamasa.com/).  
   
 Support for the Npwr was written by Jason Thorpe and Allen Briggs, and  The [[ODROID-C1]] is a quad core Cortex-A5 small form-factor board from Hardkernel co., Ltd.
 contributed by Wasabi Systems, Inc.  
   
     * On-board Intel i82544 Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI bus (_wm_)  ### Intel **DBPXA250** ("Lubbock")
     * On-board LSI Logic 53c1010 Ultra160 SCSI on the PCI bus (_siop_)  
     * On-board timer in the CPLD (used as system clock)  
     * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)  
   
   * Intel **IXM1200**  DBPXA250 (a.k.a. Lubbock) is an evaluation and development platform for the
   Intel **PXA250** XScale Core application processor. More information about the **DBPXA250** can be found at [Intel website](http://www.intel.com/design/pca/applicationsprocessors/swsup/index.htm).
   
 The IXM1200 is the reference platform for the Intel **IXP1200** Network  Support for the **DBPXA250** was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed
 Processor.  by Genetec Corp.
   
 Support for the IXM1200 was written by Ichiro FUKUHARA and Naoto Shimazaki.   * On-chip timers (_saost_ used as system clock)
    * On-chip 2 serial port (_com_)
    * On-board SMC91C96 ethernet (_sm_)
    * On-board SA-1111 StrongArm companion chip (_sacc_)
    * PS/2 keyboard (_pckbd_)
    * 640x480 LCD (_lcd_)
    * PCMCIA and CF card slots
   
     * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)  ### Intel **IQ31244**
     * On-board Intel i21555 Non-Transparent PCI-PCI Bridge (_nppb_)  
     * On-chip timers (ixpclk0 used as system clock)  
     * On-chip serial port (_ixpcom_)  
   
   * Samsung **SMDK2410**  The IQ31244 is a development platform for the Intel **IOP321** I/O Processor
   chipset and the Intel **i31244** SATA controller.
   
 The SMDK2410 is the reference platform for the Samsung **S3C2410** processor,  Initial support for the IQ31244 was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed
 which has an ARM920T core.  by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
   
 More information on the S3C2410 can be found at [Samsung Electronics web page]   * Quad on-board Intel i31244 SATA controllers on the PCI-X bus (_artsata_)
 (http://www.samsung.com/Products/Semiconductor/MobileSoC/ApplicationProcessor/   * On-board Intel i82546EB Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI-X bus (_wm_)
 ARM9Series/S3C2410/S3C2410.htm).   * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
    * On-chip timers (TMR0 used as system clock)
    * On-chip Application Accelerator Unit (_iopaau_)
    * On-chip watchdog timer (_iopwdog_)
    * On-board compact flash reader (_wdc_)
    * Other devices inserted into the PCI-X expansion slot
   
 Support for the SMDK2410 was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed by  ### Intel **IQ80310**
 Genetec Corp.  
   
     * On-chip serial ports (_sscom_)  The IQ80310 is the reference platform for the Intel **IOP310** I/O Processor
     * On-chip USB host controller (_ohc_)  chipset, which is comprised of the i80200 XScale processor and the i80312 I/O
     * On-chip timers (used as system clock)  Companion chip.
     * On-chip SPI (_ssspi_, used for other on-board devices)  
     * 240x320 TFT LCD (_lcd_)  
     * keyboard. (_sskbd_)  
   
   * Samsung **SMDK2800**  Support for the IQ80310 was written by Jason Thorpe and Allen Briggs, and
   contributed by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
   
 The SMDK2800 is the reference platform for the **Samsung S3C2800** processor,   * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
 which has an ARM920T core.   * On-board timer in the CPLD (used as system clock)
    * On-board NS16550-compatible serial ports (_com_)
    * Other devices inserted into the PCI expansion slots
   
 S3C2800 has built-in PCI controller, and SMDK2800 has three PCI slots.  ### Intel **IQ80321**
   
 Support for the SMDK2800 was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed by  The IQ80321 is the reference platform for the Intel **IOP321** I/O Processor
 Fujitsu Component Ltd., and Genetec Corp.  (i80321 XScale processor).
   
     * On-chip serial ports (_sscom_)  Support for the IQ80321 was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed by Wasabi
     * On-chip Host-PCI bridge (_sspci_)  Systems, Inc.
     * On-chip timers (used as system clock)  
     * Other devices inserted into the PCI slots   
   
   * ADI Engineering **BRH** ("Big Red Head")    * On-board Intel i82544EI Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI-X bus (_wm_)
    * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
    * On-chip timers (TMR0 used as system clock)
    * On-chip Application Accelerator Unit (_iopaau_)
    * On-chip watchdog timer (_iopwdog_)
    * Other devices inserted into the PCI-X expansion slots
   
 The BRH is an evaluation and development platform for the Intel **i80200**  ### Intel **IXM1200**
 XScale processor. The BRH is based on ADI's **BECC** ("Big Endian Companion  
 Chip"). The BRH is capable of both big- and little-endian operation, although  
 NetBSD currently only supports little-endian operation. More information about  
 the BRH can be found on [ADI Engineering's web  
 page](http://www.adiengineering.com/productsBRH.html).  
   
 Support for the BRH was written by Jason Thorpe, and contributed by Wasabi  The IXM1200 is the reference platform for the Intel **IXP1200** Network
 Systems, Inc.  Processor.
   
     * On-board NS16550-compatible serial ports (_com_)  Support for the IXM1200 was written by Ichiro FUKUHARA and Naoto Shimazaki.
     * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)  
     * On-chip timer on the BECC (used as system clock)  
     * Other devices inserted into the PCI slot  
   
 The BRH comes with 128M of SDRAM. Systems with BECC revision 7 or less are   * On-board Intel i82559 Ethernet on the PCI bus (_fxp_)
 limited to 64M due to the layout of the PCI DMA windows. Users of these   * On-board Intel i21555 Non-Transparent PCI-PCI Bridge (_nppb_)
 systems should obtain an FPGA upgrade from ADI to revision 8 or later of the   * On-chip timers (ixpclk0 used as system clock)
 BECC.   * On-chip serial port (_ixpcom_)
   
   * NOVATEC **NTNP425B** ("ZAO425")   ### NOVATEC **NTNP425B** ("ZAO425")
   
 NTNP425B is an evaluation and development platform for the Intel **IXP425**  NTNP425B is an evaluation and development platform for the Intel **IXP425**
 XScale Core NetworkProcessor. NTNP425B is based on the reference board of  XScale Core NetworkProcessor. NTNP425B is based on the reference board of
Line 198  file)](http://www.novatec.co.jp/NTNP425B Line 309  file)](http://www.novatec.co.jp/NTNP425B
   
 Support for the NTNP425B was written by Ichiro FUKUHARA.  Support for the NTNP425B was written by Ichiro FUKUHARA.
   
     * On-chip timers (_ixpclk0_ used as system clock)   * On-chip timers (_ixpclk0_ used as system clock)
     * On-chip 2 serial port (_ixpcom0_ and _ixpcom1_)   * On-chip 2 serial port (_ixpcom0_ and _ixpcom1_)
     * Other devices inserted into the PCI/mPCI slot   * Other devices inserted into the PCI/mPCI slot
     * On-chip watchdog timer (_ixpwdog_)   * On-chip watchdog timer (_ixpwdog_)
   
   ### NVIDIA Tegra K1
   Support for NVIDIA [[Tegra]] K1 SoCs is present in NetBSD-current and
   8.0_BETA. The Jetson TK1 board is currently supported.
   
   * Intel **DBPXA250** ("Lubbock")   ### Raspberry Pi Foundation **Raspberry Pi**/**Raspberry Pi 2**/**Raspberry Pi 3**
   The [[Raspberry Pi]] is a low-cost credit-card-sized computer from the Raspberry Pi Foundation.  The Raspberry Pi, Pi 2, and Pi 3 are supported.
   
 DBPXA250 (a.k.a. Lubbock) is an evaluation and development platform for the  ### Samsung **SMDK2410**
 Intel **PXA250** XScale Core application processor. More information about the  
 **DBPXA250** can be found at [Intel web  
 site](http://www.intel.com/design/pca/applicationsprocessors/swsup/index.htm).  
   
 Support for the **DBPXA250** was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed  The SMDK2410 is the reference platform for the Samsung **S3C2410** processor,
 by Genetec Corp.  which has an ARM920T core.
   
     * On-chip timers (_saost_ used as system clock)  More information on the S3C2410 can be found at [Samsung Electronics web page]
     * On-chip 2 serial port (_com_)  (http://www.samsung.com/Products/Semiconductor/MobileSoC/ApplicationProcessor/
     * On-board SMC91C96 ethernet (_sm_)  ARM9Series/S3C2410/S3C2410.htm).
     * On-board SA-1111 StrongArm companion chip (_sacc_)  
     * PS/2 keyboard (_pckbd_)  
     * 640x480 LCD (_lcd_)  
     * PCMCIA and CF card slots  
   
   * Arcom **Viper**  Support for the SMDK2410 was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed by
   Genetec Corp.
   
 The Arcom Viper is a single board computer based on the PXA255 XScale   * On-chip serial ports (_sscom_)
 processor.   * On-chip USB host controller (_ohc_)
    * On-chip timers (used as system clock)
    * On-chip SPI (_ssspi_, used for other on-board devices)
    * 240x320 TFT LCD (_lcd_)
    * keyboard. (_sskbd_)
   
 Support for the Arcom Viper was written by Antti Kantee.  ### Samsung **SMDK2800**
   
     * On-chip timers (_saost_ used as system clock)  The SMDK2800 is the reference platform for the **Samsung S3C2800** processor,
     * On-chip serial ports (_com_)  which has an ARM920T core.
     * On-board SMC91C111 ethernet (_sm_)   
   
   * Atmark Techno **Armadillo-9**  S3C2800 has built-in PCI controller, and SMDK2800 has three PCI slots.
   
 The Armadillo-9 is a single board computer based on the EP9315 processor.  Support for the SMDK2800 was written by Hiroyuki Bessho, and contributed by
   Fujitsu Component Ltd., and Genetec Corp.
   
 Support for the Armadillo-9 was written by Katsuomi Hamajima.   * On-chip serial ports (_sscom_)
    * On-chip Host-PCI bridge (_sspci_)
    * On-chip timers (used as system clock)
    * Other devices inserted into the PCI slots
   
     * On-CPU RS232 UARTs (2) (_epcom_)  ### Team ASA, Inc. **Npwr**
     * On-CPU 10/100 Ethernet MAC (_epe_)  
     * system clock from on-CPU timers (_epclk_)  
     * CompactFlash socket (_eppcic_)  
     * USB 1.1 ports (_ohci_)  
   
   * Gumstix, Inc. **gumstix**  The Npwr is an IOP310-based design targeted at the network-attached storage
   space. The Npwr comes in several configurations (single or dual Gigabit
   Ethernet, single or dual Ultra160 SCSI), and can be purchased as a bare board
   or as a small server appliance. More information on the Npwr can be found at
   the [Team ASA web page](http://www.teamasa.com/).
   
 The [gumstix](http://www.gumstix.com/) is a small form-factor motherboard  Support for the Npwr was written by Jason Thorpe and Allen Briggs, and
 based on the PXA255 and PXA270 XScale processor. Supports only PXA255 now.  contributed by Wasabi Systems, Inc.
   
 Support for the gumstix was written by KIYOHARA Takashi.   * On-board Intel i82544 Gigabit Ethernet on the PCI bus (_wm_)
    * On-board LSI Logic 53c1010 Ultra160 SCSI on the PCI bus (_siop_)
    * On-board timer in the CPLD (used as system clock)
    * On-board NS16550-compatible serial port (_com_)
   
     * basix  ### Technologic Systems **TS-7200**
     * cfstix  
     * etherstix  
     * netCF  
     * netDUO  
     * netDUO-mmc  
     * netMMC   
   
 When booting, it is necessary to set these with u-boot dynamically.  The TS-7200 is a low-cost mass-produced PC/104 embedded single board computer
   intended as a general purpose core for real embedded applications. The TS-7200
   uses the Cirrus Logic EP9302 ARM9 system-on-chip and comes with a PC/104 (isa)
   bus and can either boot to CompactFlash or onboard flash. The board also has
   general purpose digital IO and optional multichannel analog-to-digital
   converters. More information on the TS-7200 can be found at [Technologic
   Systems](http://www.embeddedarm.com/epc/ts7200-spec-h.html).
   
   Support for the TS-7200 was written by Jesse Off
   
 > go 0xa0200000 busheader=basix  * On-CPU RS232 UARTs (2) (_epcom_)
   * On-CPU 10/100 Ethernet MAC (_epe_)
   * CompactFlash socket (_wdc_)
   * USB 1.1 ports (2) (_ohci_)
   * Watchdog timer on CPLD (_tspld_)
   * TMP124 high precision temperature sensor via sysctl
   * 64Hz system clock from on-CPU timers (_epclk_)
   * HD44780 2x24 text mode LCD (_tslcd_)
   * 4x4 16 button matrix keypad (_wskbd_)
   * TS-5620 battery backed RTC daughter-card (_tsrtc_)
   * 1,2,4 port serial TS-SER daughter cards (_com_)
   * Up to 4 10Mb TS-ETH10 daughter cards (_tscs_)
   * Other devices inserted into the PC/104 (_isa_) expansion slot
   
     * audiostix  
     * console-st (waysmall - STUART)  
     * console-hw (waysmall)  
     * GPSstix (GPS not test)  
     * tweener  
 """  """
 aditional="""  additional="""
   * The [NetBSD Diskless HOWTO](/docs/network/netboot/)    * The [NetBSD Diskless HOWTO](http://www.netbsd.org/docs/network/netboot/)
   * [ Porting NetBSD/evbarm to the Arcom Viper](http://www.cs.hut.fi/~pooka/pubs/EuroBSDCon2005/viper.pdf), presented at EuroBSDCon 2005.     * [ Porting NetBSD/evbarm to the Arcom Viper](http://www.cs.hut.fi/~pooka/pubs/EuroBSDCon2005/viper.pdf), presented at EuroBSDCon 2005.
 """  """
 ]]  ]]
 [[!tag tier1port]]  [[!tag tier1port]]
   

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  Added in v.1.65


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