#What is pkgsrc
Pkgsrc [spoken: package source] is the main package management framework for NetBSD. With pkgsrc you can easily add, remove and manage software on your system. Pkgsrc is basically a set of files, grouped by categories which contain information to install the software you have selected. All this files together are mostly referred as the pkgsrc tree. This tree is maintained by the pkgsrc developers, that make changes to it every day. Therefore it is necessary to update the pkgsrc tree regularly.
The pkgsrc source tree, which contains all the files, will need a minimum of 200 MB disk space.
##Creating the pkgsrc directory
This is a matter of taste, but most people create the directory in /usr/pkgsrc/
# mkdir /usr/pkgsrc
Change owner of pkgsrc to a user, so you can update later it with user rights.
# chown john pkgsrc
##Obtaining the current pkgsrc source tree
There are many ways to get the pkgsrc tree. For example via ftp, cvs, sup or cvsup. My recommended way is to use csup, a leightweight cvsup protocol client written in C. But, before we can use csup we have to install it first, which in turn needs pkgsrc aswell. Therefore we will use for csup a precompiled binary package, instead of doing the work twice.
# ftp ftp://ftp.netbsd.org/pub/pkgsrc/packages/NetBSD/i386/5.0/All/csup-20070216.tgz
and then installing it with
# pkg_add csup-20070216.tgz
csup needs one configuration file, the supfile, which contains the information to sync what from which server to where. Please create a file called pkgsrc-supfile in your home directory which contains:
*default delete use-rel-suffix
**base** points to your home directory and **prefix** to the directory, where the repo goes.
To get and to keep your pkgsrc tree in sync, just run:
$ csup pkgsrc-supfile
To update regularly, say once a day, use [[cron]].
To keep the tree clean and your work directories out of it, define WRKOBJDIR in /etc/mk.conf and add:
and then create that directory.
# mkdir /usr/work
We also want our distfiles to be stored, outside of the pkgsrc directory. Therefore we add the DISTDIR variable to /etc/mk.conf
and create it with:
# mkdir /usr/distfiles
To install packages, we need to become root.
then we change to the directory (category) and then to the package we want to install.
# cd /usr/pkgsrc/misc/figlet
to install we enter
# make install
afterwards we clean up and enter
# make clean
if this was a package with dependencies, we also enter
# make clean-depends
You can put them all in one line too.
# make install clean clean-depends
If you wish to clean the distfiles, the files that have been downloaded, you enter
# make distclean
# pkg_delete packagename
You can update a single package using make update.
# make update
pkgtools/pkg_rolling-replace is a very nice programm to update all outdated packages on your system.
That's it. Have fun.
Since the framework is complex, there are millions of other options.
Besides [The pkgsrc Guide](http://www.netbsd.org/docs/pkgsrc/) there is also a built-in on-line help system.
# make help
gives you the usage information. This requires you to already know the name of the target or variable you want more info on (just like man does).
Most targets and variable names are documented, but not all are.
* [[How to use pkgsrc mounted over NFS]]
* [[How to use pkgsrc on AIX]]
* [[How to use pkgsrc on A/UX]]
* [[How to use pkgsrc on IRIX]]
* [[How to use pkgsrc on Linux]]
* [[How] to use pkgsrc on Mac OS X]
* [[How to use pkgsrc on OSF1]]
* [[How to use pkgsrc on Solaris]]
CVSweb for NetBSD wikisrc <wikimaster@NetBSD.org> software: FreeBSD-CVSweb