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**LAMP** is a an acronym for a combined set of software to run a web server containing the following software products: **Apache, MySQL, and Perl, Python, or PHP**. The "L" stands for Linux, therefore there is also an acronym named **WAMP** representing the Windows operating system. This also means that the title of this article is misleading. The approach is to install the same combined set of software, but using NetBSD as the operating system instead of Linux. 

In the following examples, we will install all components using pkgsrc, building all packages from source.

**Contents**

[[!toc]]

#  Installing the Apache web server

The new Apache 2.4 server comes with two different threading models from which [prefork](http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/mod/prefork.html) is installed by default. It is **not** recommended to use the Worker model, if you wish to use Apache and PHP. As that is the case, we will install a default Apache 2.4 server. 
    
    # cd /usr/pkgsrc/www/apache24
    # make install clean clean-depends


This will install the Apache 2.4 server and all its dependencies. If your build was successful, you should now edit the Apache configuration file _`/usr/pkg/etc/httpd/httpd.conf`_ to fit your needs. At least set the `Listen` Attribute and your `ServerName`. Please ensure that if your machine's hostname does not globally resolve, to put it into your `/etc/hosts` file, otherwise Apache will refuse to start.

If you wish to start the Apache web server at boot time, please copy the rc.d example script from `/usr/pkg/share/examples/rc.d/apache` to `/etc/rc.d` and then add `apache=yes` to your `/etc/rc.conf` file.   

    
    # cp /usr/pkg/share/examples/rc.d/apache /etc/rc.d


If you want to copy the rc.d scripts automatically with pkgsrc, you can use: 
    
    PKG_RCD_SCRIPTS=YES 


in your /etc/mk.conf 

  
You can now start, stop, and restart the Apache web server using _apachectl_, or using boot script _/etc/rc.d/apache_

To start the server enter: 
    
    # apachectl start


or 
    
    # /etc/rc.d/apache start


To stop the server, substitute start with stop. If you're running a production server, pay attention to the [apachectl graceful](http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.0/programs/apachectl.html) option. 

#  Installing MySQL 

You can skip this part, if you don't want to install a MySQL server. To install the MySQL server enter: 
    
    # cd /usr/pkgsrc/databases/mysql57-server
    # make install clean clean-depends


This will install the MySQL server and all its dependencies, like the MySQL client.

##  Configuring the MySQL server 

Please copy the example start script to /etc/rc.d 
    
    # cp /usr/pkg/share/examples/rc.d/mysqld /etc/rc.d
    

and add **mysqld=yes** to your **/etc/rc.conf**

You can now start, stop, and restart the MySQL server using 
    
    # /etc/rc.d/mysqld start
    

to start and respectively stop and restart. 

The default MySQL server database root password is empty. For security reasons, you should set your root password as soon as possible. 

You can pass most of the options to the server via the file /etc/my.cnf. If you want the server to listen only on localhost, for instance, create _/etc/my.cnf_ and add 
    
    [mysqld]
    port=3306
    bind-address=127.0.0.1


and restart your MySQL server. To check if your MySQL server is really listening only on localhost, use [[basics/sockstat]]. 
    

    # sockstat -l


For many more options, consider reading the MySQL [Documentation](https://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/).


#  Installing the PHP module for Apache
    
    # cd /usr/pkgsrc/www/ap-php
    # make install clean


This will install by default the latest version of PHP 7.x and the PHP7 module for Apache 2.4 

##  Configuring PHP 

You should now add the LoadModule and the PHP Handlers definitions to your Apache Configuration File `/usr/pkg/etc/httpd/httpd.conf`

Add following lines: 
    
    LoadModule php7_module /usr/pkg/lib/httpd/mod_php7.so


and 
    
    AddType application/x-httpd-php .php


and if you wish 
    
    DirectoryIndex index.html index.php


#  Installing the MySQL module for PHP 

This step is important and enables you to make MySQL database connections from your PHP script. 
    
    cd /usr/pkgsrc/databases/php-mysql/
    make install clean


Now edit `/usr/pkg/etc/php.ini` and add the line 
    
    extension=mysql.so


You need this to enable MySQL functions in your PHP module. 

Now restart your Apache web server. To test if PHP is working, create a small file called test.php in your document root directory, which is by default `/usr/pkg/share/httpd/htdocs`, containing only one line with the function phpinfo(). 
    
    <?php phpinfo(); ?>


If you use PHP7 and wish to use short tags like `<? phpinfo() ?>`, then edit your `/usr/pkg/etc/php.ini` file and change option `short_open_tag = Off `to `On` to make this line work. In PHP7 short_open_tag is off by default. 

Open your browser and point it to this URL:
    
    http://127.0.0.1/test.php


You should now see a website with information regarding your PHP installation and a table named mysql, in the middle of the document, with MySQL information.

That's it. You can now install software like a [phpMyAdmin](http://pkgsrc.se/databases/phpmyadmin), or a [Wiki](http://www.mediawiki.org). Have fun. 

#  See also 

  * [[pkgsrc/How to use pkgsrc]]
  * [[pkgsrc/How to install a MySQL Server]]

#  Commands 

  * [[basics/sockstat]]

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