Annotation of wikisrc/laptops.mdwn, revision 1.21

1.2       reed        1: This page lists and links to pages about laptops, notebooks,
1.20      nia         2: and portable computers that work well with NetBSD, are of interest
                      3: to developers, and are standardized or easy to find.
1.1       reed        4: 
                      5: For i386-based netbooks also see
                      6: <http://www.netbsd.org/ports/i386/netbook.html>.
                      7: 
                      8: [[!toc ]]
                      9: 
1.3       reed       10: ---
                     11: 
1.20      nia        12: # Generic laptop support
1.3       reed       13: 
1.20      nia        14: ## Graphics
1.3       reed       15: 
1.20      nia        16: NetBSD 9.0 supports Intel integrated graphics up to Kaby Lake,
                     17: Nvidia graphics up to Maxwell, and AMD graphics up to GCNv1.
1.3       reed       18: 
1.20      nia        19: Anything newer than this will work, but will use `llvmpipe`
                     20: instead of hardware acceleration for OpenGL.
1.9       reed       21: 
1.21    ! nia        22: The support includes connecting external monitors over HDMI,
        !            23: DisplayPort, and DisplayPort over USB-C.
        !            24: 
        !            25: For the Intel driver, there may be slight graphical corruptions
        !            26: when using X11 without a compositor. Xfce/MATE include their own
        !            27: compositors, but lightweight window managers can benefit from
        !            28: having `picom` running.
        !            29: 
1.20      nia        30: ## CPU frequency adjustment
1.9       reed       31: 
1.20      nia        32: On most ACPI and some non-ACPI laptops, the `sysutils/estd` package
                     33: can be used to automatically adjust the CPU frequency depending on
                     34: system load, and potentially prolong battery life. This modifies the
                     35: `frequency` variables exposed by
                     36: [[!template id=man name="sysctl" section="8"]].
1.9       reed       37: 
1.20      nia        38: ## Suspend
1.13      ryoon      39: 
1.20      nia        40: On ACPI systems, suspend-to-RAM is supported through
                     41: `sysctl hw.acpi.sleep.state=3`.  This can be triggered through various
                     42: events (such as lid close) with
                     43: [[!template id=man name="powerd" section="8"]].
1.13      ryoon      44: 
1.20      nia        45: Suspend on NetBSD currently seems to work best on Thinkpads.
1.13      ryoon      46: 
1.20      nia        47: ## Input
1.13      ryoon      48: 
1.20      nia        49: Many x86 laptops use Synaptics touchpads over an emulated PS/2 interface,
                     50: which is supported through [[!template id=man name="pms" section="4"]],
1.21    ! nia        51: with various adjustable Synaptics-specific sysctl variables.
1.9       reed       52: 
1.20      nia        53: ## WiFi
1.1       reed       54: 
1.20      nia        55: Many x86 laptops with Intel processors will have WiFi cards supported
                     56: by the
                     57: [[!template id=man name="iwm" section="4"]] driver, or 
                     58: [[!template id=man name="iwn" section="4"]] for older models.
                     59: Atheros 11n miniPCIe cards are supported by the
                     60: [[!template id=man name="athn" section="4"]] driver.
1.1       reed       61: 
1.20      nia        62: See the
                     63: [[!template id=man name="afterboot" section="8"]] man page for details
                     64: on connecting to a WPA network.  For connecting to a non-WPA network,
                     65: simply specify `ssid networkname up` in 
                     66: [[!template id=man name="ifconfig" section="8"]], and make sure
                     67: [[!template id=man name="dhcpcd" section="8"]] is running.
1.1       reed       68: 
1.21    ! nia        69: USB 11n WiFi adapters such as
1.20      nia        70: [[!template id=man name="urtwn" section="4"]] and
                     71: [[!template id=man name="run" section="4"]] can also be used,
                     72: and most/all generic USB ethernet adapters are also well supported.
                     73: For a fairly complete list, see 
                     74: [[!template id=man name="usb" section="4"]].
1.3       reed       75: 
1.21    ! nia        76: Unfortunately, WiFi hardware is not particularly standardized compared
        !            77: to most other aspects of modern laptops.
        !            78: 
1.20      nia        79: ## Audio
1.11      reed       80: 
1.21    ! nia        81: Essentially all modern x86 laptops use the 
1.20      nia        82: [[!template id=man name="hdaudio" section="4"]] driver.
1.11      reed       83: 
1.20      nia        84: In the case that switching between speakers and the headphone port
                     85: is not handled automatically by the hardware, the `dacsel`
                     86: [[!template id=man name="mixerctl" section="1"]] variable can be
                     87: modified.
1.11      reed       88: 
                     89: ---
                     90: 
1.20      nia        91: # IBM / Lenovo
1.9       reed       92: 
1.20      nia        93: The [[!template id=man name="thinkpad" section="4"]] driver provides
                     94: support for various Thinkpad-specific sensors and function keys.
1.6       jruoho     95: 
1.21    ! nia        96: A number of NetBSD developers use Thinkpads to hack on NetBSD
        !            97: and for everyday usage.
        !            98: 
1.9       reed       99: ## ThinkPad T22
                    100: 
                    101: Works perfect (sound, display, all devices, infrared port not tested).
                    102: 
                    103: ## ThinkPad T61
                    104: 
                    105: Used it since NetBSD 4.x.
                    106: With Intel GMA, X works great.
                    107: Cardbus port doesn't work properly.
                    108: Expresscard not tested/tried.
                    109: 
1.6       jruoho    110: ## ThinkPad X60s
                    111: 
1.15      sevan     112: Everything works.
1.6       jruoho    113: 
1.9       reed      114: ## ThinkPad X41
                    115: 
                    116: Works fine (sound, display, all devices, bluetooth, modem not tested).
                    117: Standby is broken for me in -current (~2012-01-12) but worked in 5.1.
                    118: 
1.6       jruoho    119: ## ThinkPad X61s
                    120: 
                    121: Everything works. Requires `PCI_BUS_FIXUP` and `PCI_ADDR_FIXUP` [[!template
                    122: id=man name="options" section="4"]].
                    123: 
1.9       reed      124: ## Thinkpad X201
                    125: 
                    126: Running -current since March 2011.
                    127: Working graphics (with the vesa driver), audio, trackpoint, wired
                    128: and wireless LAN.
                    129: Does not wake up after suspend (drives spin up but the display
                    130: stays black and the LED indicating a sleep state stays lit).
                    131: 
1.17      nia       132: ## Thinkpad X220
                    133: 
1.18      nia       134: From user reports, in NetBSD 9.0:
1.17      nia       135: 
                    136: * Video acceleration works, but when using `xf86-video-intel` (the default),
                    137:   it's advisable to set `Option "AccelMethod"  "uxa"` in `xorg.conf`.
1.19      nia       138: * Ethernet is supported through the [[!template id=man name="wm" section="4"]] driver.
                    139: * WiFi is supported through the [[!template id=man name="iwn" section="4"]] driver.
1.17      nia       140: * Suspend and resume work.
                    141: 
1.19      nia       142: ## Thinkpad X230
                    143: 
                    144: From user reports, in NetBSD 9.0:
                    145: 
                    146: * Ethernet is supported through the [[!template id=man name="wm" section="4"]] driver.
                    147: * WiFi is supported through the [[!template id=man name="iwn" section="4"]] driver.
                    148: 
1.16      nia       149: ## Thinkpad X250
                    150: 
1.18      nia       151: Nearly perfect. Running NetBSD 9.0 and -current since 2019.
1.16      nia       152: 
                    153: * Accelerated graphics with the i915 driver. Connecting externals displays
                    154:   works with the miniDP and VGA ports.
1.19      nia       155: * SD card reader is supported through the [[!template id=man name="rtsx" section="4"]] driver.
                    156: * Ethernet is supported through the [[!template id=man name="wm" section="4"]] driver.
                    157: * WiFi is supported through the [[!template id=man name="iwm" section="4"]] driver.
1.16      nia       158: * For the extra trackpoint buttons to work correctly, needs a patch to
                    159:   synaptics.c that is in -current and will be in 9.1.
                    160:   Tapping and the clickpad have always been fine.
                    161: * Brightness buttons do not work in 9 by default. You can bind them to
                    162:   xrandr in your window manager.
1.19      nia       163: * Webcam will depend on upcoming xhci isochronous pipe support.
                    164: * To record from the internal mic, set `mixerctl -w record.source=ADC02`
1.16      nia       165: * Wakes up after suspend. I have mine set to suspend on lid close with
                    166:   powerd.
                    167: 
1.19      nia       168: ## Thinkpad X260
                    169: 
                    170: Likely very similar to the X250.
                    171: 
                    172: From user reports, in NetBSD 9.0:
                    173: 
                    174: * SD card reader is supported through the [[!template id=man name="rtsx" section="4"]] driver.
                    175: * Ethernet is supported through the [[!template id=man name="wm" section="4"]] driver.
                    176: * WiFi is supported through the [[!template id=man name="iwm" section="4"]] driver.
                    177: * For the extra trackpoint buttons to work correctly, needs a patch to
                    178:   synaptics.c that is in -current and will be in 9.1.
                    179:   Tapping and the clickpad have always been fine.
                    180: 
1.20      nia       181: ---
1.14      ryoon     182: 
1.20      nia       183: # PINE64
1.14      ryoon     184: 
1.21    ! nia       185: A number of NetBSD developers use Pinebooks to hack on NetBSD
        !           186: and for everyday usage.
        !           187: 
        !           188: Pinebook and Pinebook Pro do not use ACPI, so certain aspects are
        !           189: different compared to x86 laptops.
        !           190: 
1.20      nia       191: ## Pinebook (Allwinner A64)
1.14      ryoon     192: 
1.20      nia       193: From user reports to port-arm@, in NetBSD 9.0:
1.1       reed      194: 
1.20      nia       195: * [[!template id=man name="uvideo" section="4"]] webcam works.
                    196: * External WiFI adapters can be used. Support for the internal WiFi - after WiFi system rework?
                    197: * Plugging in external monitors works via the HDMI port.
                    198: * The CPU frequency can be adjusted with `sysctl machdep.cpufreq.*`.
                    199: * Mesa llvmpipe is currently used for 3D/OpenGL.
1.1       reed      200: 
1.20      nia       201: ## Pinebook Pro
1.3       reed      202: 
1.20      nia       203: * [[!template id=man name="uvideo" section="4"]] webcam works.
                    204: * Internal Broadcom WiFi is supported via the [[!template id=man name="bwfm" section="4"]] driver in 9_STABLE.
                    205:   External adapters may still be more stable.
                    206: * The CPU frequency can be adjusted automatically with `estd` or with `sysctl machdep.cpufreq.*`.
                    207: * The display backlight can be adjusted with `sysctl`.
                    208: * Mesa llvmpipe is currently used for 3D/OpenGL.
1.21    ! nia       209: * Connecting external monitors does not currently work through USB-C.

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