File:  [NetBSD Developer Wiki] / wikisrc / kerberos / system.mdwn
Revision 1.9: download - view: text, annotated - select for diffs
Sat Feb 16 13:48:16 2013 UTC (9 years, 3 months ago) by schmonz
Branches: MAIN
CVS tags: HEAD
Improve formatting, wrap long lines.

    1: [[!tag kerberos howto]]
    2: 
    3: ## Why enable Kerberos on your system?
    4: 
    5: Convenience and security. With
    6: [Kerberos](http://web.mit.edu/Kerberos/dialogue.html), a single
    7: login grants access to all NetBSD web services. Configuration is easy
    8: and you only have to do it once (sometimes less).
    9: 
   10: 
   11: ## NetBSD
   12: 
   13: NetBSD needs to be configured to prevent Kerberos from being used
   14: to log into _your_ system, and then to enable Kerberos.
   15: 
   16: 7. Either disable Kerberos auth for `sshd`, `login`, etc. in
   17: `/etc/pam.d`, or tell your relevant services not to use PAM.
   18: 
   19:    /!\ Disabling KerberosAuthentication in `/etc/ssh/sshd_config` does **NOT** prevent `sshd` from invoking `pam_krb5.so` and prompting for a Kerberos password -- oops. Since you probably do not have a host key in the realm NETBSD.ORG you have little to fear from ssh's KerberosAuthentication method -- nothing can get tickets to use your machine, because there is no host instance for your machine shared between the NetBSD kerberos server and your local keytab. So, the bottom line: turn off UsePAM for `sshd` or adjust your PAM configuration; don't worry about KerberosAuthentication or GSSAPIAuthentication in `sshd` itself.
   20: 
   21: 7. Create `/etc/krb5.conf` containing only the line `[libdefaults]`.
   22: 
   23: NetBSD will now autodiscover and uses the NETBSD.ORG KDC as defined
   24: in DNS. To use Kerberized TNF services, log in with your Kerberos
   25: [[password]]:
   26: 
   27:     $ kinit <username>@NETBSD.ORG
   28: 
   29: The right-hand side is a Kerberos realm, not a DNS domain. Case is significant!
   30: 
   31: 
   32: ## Mac OS X
   33: 
   34: OS X autodiscovers and uses the NETBSD.ORG KDC as defined in DNS.
   35: To use Kerberized TNF services, log in with your Kerberos [[password]]:
   36: 
   37:     $ kinit <username>@NETBSD.ORG
   38: 
   39: The right-hand side is a Kerberos realm, not a DNS domain. Case is significant!
   40: 
   41: ### A Keychain.app trick
   42: 
   43: To pop up a GUI password dialog:
   44: 
   45:     $ kinit <username>@NETBSD.ORG </dev/null
   46: 
   47: Check "Remember this password in my keychain" to make future Kerberos
   48: logins (sans input redirection) prompt-free.
   49: 
   50: 
   51: ## Windows XP
   52: 
   53: Windows does not provide an easy way to configure and use KDCs
   54: different from the one embedded into an Active Directory.
   55: 
   56: Therefore, to use [[Kerberos]], you should follow the following
   57: steps:
   58: 
   59: 7. Download the
   60:    [MIT Kerberos for Windows](http://web.mit.edu/Kerberos/dist/#kfw-3.2)
   61:    installer. It is composed of different tools traditionally found
   62:    with Kerberos distributions, like
   63:    [[!template id=man name=kinit section=1]] or
   64:    [[!template id=man name=klist section=1]], and a Network Identity
   65:    Manager, an application used to manage credential caching of
   66:    Kerberos tickets.
   67: 
   68: 7. Install the package. Use the default provided options, then
   69:    restart the computer.
   70: 
   71: 7. The Network Identity Manager
   72:    [(PDF)](http://web.mit.edu/kerberos/kfw-3.2/kfw-3.2.2/netidmgr_userdoc.pdf)
   73:    should automatically start when you login. As there is no principal
   74:    currently configured, it should open a dialog box to obtain the
   75:    new credentials.
   76: 
   77: 7. Enter your principal:
   78: 
   79:     Username: <username>
   80:     Realm: NETBSD.ORG
   81: 
   82: 7. Click `Ok`. After a few seconds, it should obtain the TGT for
   83:    you from the NETBSD.ORG KDC.

CVSweb for NetBSD wikisrc <wikimaster@NetBSD.org> software: FreeBSD-CVSweb