1: # Upgrading NetBSD
3: This chapter describes the binary upgrade of a NetBSD system. There are a
4: variety of alternatives to perform this procedure, and the following sections
5: will guide you through them.
7: ## Using sysinst
9: ### Overview
11: To do the upgrade, you must have some form of bootable media (CD-ROM, USB
12: drive, network, etc.) available and at least the base and kern distribution
13: sets. Since files already installed on the system are overwritten in place,
14: you only need additional free space for files which weren't previously
15: installed or to account for growth of the sets between releases. Usually this
16: is not more than a few megabytes.
18: ### Note
20: Since upgrading involves replacing the kernel, boot blocks, and most of the
21: system binaries, it has the potential to cause data loss. Before beginning,
22: you are strongly advised to back up any important data on the NetBSD partition
23: or on any other partitions on your disk, most importantly `/etc`.
25: The upgrade procedure is similar to an installation, but without the hard disk
26: partitioning. sysinst will attempt to merge the settings stored in your `/etc`
27: directory with the new version of NetBSD. Also, file systems are checked
28: before unpacking the sets. Fetching the binary sets is done in the same manner
29: as in the installation procedure.
31: ### The INSTALL document
33: Before doing an upgrade it is essential to read the release information and
34: upgrading notes in one of the `INSTALL` files: this is the official
35: description of the upgrade procedure, with platform specific information and
36: important details. It can be found in the root directory of the NetBSD release
37: (on the install CD or on the FTP server).
39: It is advisable to print the INSTALL document out. It is available in four
40: formats: `.txt`, `.ps`, `.more`, and `.html`.
42: ### Performing the upgrade
44: The following section provides an overview of the binary upgrade process. Most
45: of the following sysinst dialogs are similar to those of the installation
46: process. More verbose descriptions and explanations of the dialogs are
47: available in [[Example installation|guide/exinst]].
49: After selecting the installation language and the keyboard type, the main menu
50: appears. Choosing option `b: Upgrade NetBSD on a hard disk` will start the the
51: upgrade process.
53: ![Starting the upgrade](/guide/images/upgrading_main.png)
54: **Starting the upgrade**
56: This dialog will request permission to continue with the upgrade. At this point
57: nothing has been changed yet and the upgrade can still be cancelled. This is a
58: good time to ask yourself whether you have made a backup, and if you know for
59: certain that you will be able to restore from it.
61: ![Continuing the upgrade](/guide/images/upgrading_confirm.png)
62: **Continuing the upgrade**
64: After choosing to continue with `Yes`, the next dialog will ask you to specify
65: the hard disk with the NetBSD system that shall be upgraded. If more than one
66: disk is available a list of the disks will be displayed.
68: ![Choosing the hard drive](/guide/images/upgrading_select-disc.png)
69: **Choosing the hard drive**
71: The system used for the example has only one hard disk available: `wd0`.
73: The following dialog provides a menu to choose the installation type. The
74: choices are `Full installation`, `Minimal installation`, or `Custom
77: ![Choosing the distribution filesets](/guide/images/install_install-type.png)
78: **Choosing the distribution filesets**
80: At this point, sysinst will perform a check of the file system to ensure its
83: ![File system check](/guide/images/upgrading_fsck.png)
84: **File system check**
86: The next step is to choose which type of bootblocks to install.
88: ![Choosing bootblocks](/guide/images/install_bootblocks.png)
89: **Choosing bootblicks**
91: The next dialog will ask how much information should be displayed during the
92: extraction of the distribution sets.
94: ![Upgrade process - verbosity level](/guide/images/install_verbosity.png)
95: **Upgrade process - verbosity level**
97: The following dialog asks for the install method of choice and provides a list
98: of possible options. The install medium contains the new NetBSD distribution
99: sets. You will be prompted for different information depending on which option
100: you choose. For example, a CD-ROM or DVD install requires you to specify which
101: device to use and which directory the sets are in, while an FTP install
102: requires you to configure your network and specify the hostname of an FTP
103: server. More details can be found in
104: [[Choosing the installation media|guide/exinst#choosing_the_installation_media]].
106: ![Install medium](/guide/images/install_medium.png)
107: **Install medium**
109: sysinst will now unpack the distribution sets, replacing your old binaries.
110: After unpacking these sets, it runs the postinstall script to clean up various
111: things. If no problems occur, you are done. If postinstall produces errors, you
112: will have to manually resolve the issues it brings up. See postinstall's man
113: page for more information. You should also read the remarks in `INSTALL` about
114: upgrading, as specific compatibility issues are documented there.
116: ![Upgrade complete](/guide/images/upgrading_complete.png)
117: **Upgrade complete**
119: When you are back at the main menu, remove the boot medium (if applicable) and
120: reboot. Have fun with your new version of NetBSD!
122: ## Using sysupgrade
124: The sysupgrade utility (currently found in `pkgsrc/sysutils/sysupgrade`) allows
125: you to upgrade a running system to a newer binary release.
127: ### Note
129: Please be aware that, as of August 2012, sysupgrade is a farily new tool and is
130: still undergoing field testing. Use with care. In particular, upgrades across
131: major binary releases might not work properly yet because of the lack of a
132: reboot between the kernel installation and the unpacking of the sets. That said,
133: you may find this tool very convenient to track NetBSD-current or stable NetBSD
136: One of the benefits of sysupgrade is that it is an integrated and
137: almost-unattended solution: the tool fetches the new kernel and distribution
138: sets from remote sites if you desire and performs the upgrade without user
139: intervention until new changes to the configuration files need to be merged.
141: Let's assume you are running NetBSD/amd64 6.0 and you wish to upgrade to NetBSD
142: 6.1. The procedure to do so would be to run the following command:
144: # sysupgrade auto ftp://ftp.NetBSD.org/pub/NetBSD/NetBSD-6.1/amd64
147: And that's all that it takes. This will proceed to download the kernel and
148: sets appropriate for your machine, unpack them and assist you in merging new
149: configuration changes. Do not forget to reboot afterwards.
151: For more details, please see the included sysupgrade(8) manual page and the
152: `/usr/pkg/etc/sysupgrade.conf` configuration file.
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