3: [[!toc levels=3]]
5: # What is NetBSD?
7: NetBSD is a free, fast, secure, and highly portable Unix-like Open Source
8: operating system. It is available for many platforms, from 64-bit x86 servers
9: and PC desktop systems to embedded ARM and MIPS based devices. Its clean design
10: and advanced features make it excellent in both production and research
11: environments, and it is user-supported with complete source. Many applications
12: are easily available through [pkgsrc](http://pkgsrc.org), the NetBSD Packages Collection.
14: ## The story of NetBSD
16: The first version of NetBSD (0.8) dates back to 1993 and springs from the 4.3BSD
17: Lite operating system, a version of Unix developed at the University of
18: California, Berkeley (BSD = Berkeley Software Distribution), and from the 386BSD
19: system, the first BSD port to the Intel 386 CPU. In the following years,
20: modifications from the 4.4BSD Lite release (the last release from the Berkeley
21: group) were integrated into the system. The BSD branch of Unix has had a great
22: importance and influence on the history of Unix-like operating systems, to which
23: it has contributed many tools, ideas and improvements which are now standard:
24: the vi editor, the C shell, job control, the Berkeley fast file system, reliable
25: signals, support for virtual memory and TCP/IP, just to name a few. This
26: tradition of research and development survives today in the BSD systems and, in
27: particular, in NetBSD.
29: ## NetBSD features
31: NetBSD operates on a vast range of hardware platforms and is very portable. The
32: full source to the NetBSD kernel and userland is available for all the supported
33: platforms; please see the details on the official site of the [NetBSD
36: A detailed list of NetBSD features can be found at:
39: The basic features of NetBSD are:
41: * Code quality and correctness
42: * Portability to a wide range of hardware
43: * Secure defaults
44: * Adherence to industry standards
45: * Research and innovation
47: These characteristics bring also indirect advantages. For example, if you work
48: on just one platform you could think that you're not interested in portability.
49: But portability is tied to code quality; without a well written and well
50: organized code base it would be impossible to support a large number of
51: platforms. And code quality is the base of any good and solid software system,
52: though surprisingly few people seem to understand it.
54: One of the key characteristics of NetBSD is that its developers are not
55: satisfied with partial implementations. Some systems seem to have the philosophy
56: of *If it works, it's right.* In that light NetBSD's philosophy could be
57: described as *It doesn't work unless it's right*. Think about how many
58: overgrown programs are collapsing under their own weight and "features"
59: and you'll understand why NetBSD tries to avoid this situation at all costs.
61: ## Supported platforms
63: NetBSD supports many platforms, including the popular PC platform (i386 and
64: amd64), SPARC and UltraSPARC, Alpha, Amiga, Atari, and m68k and PowerPC based
65: Apple Macintosh machines. Technical details for all of them can be found on
66: [the NetBSD site](http://www.NetBSD.org/ports/).
68: ## NetBSD's target users
70: The NetBSD site states that: *The NetBSD Project provides a freely available and
71: redistributable system that professionals, hobbyists, and researchers can use in
72: whatever manner they wish*. It is also an ideal system if you want to learn
73: Unix, mainly because of its adherence to standards (one of the project goals)
74: and because it works equally well on the latest PC hardware as well as on
75: hardware which is considered obsolete by many other operating systems. To learn
76: and use Unix you don't need to buy expensive hardware; you can use that old PC
77: or Mac in your attic. It is important to note that although NetBSD runs on old
78: hardware, modern hardware is well supported and care has been taken to ensure
79: that supporting old machines does not inhibit performance on modern hardware. In
80: addition, if you need a Unix system which runs consistently on a variety of
81: platforms, NetBSD is probably your best choice.
83: ## Applications for NetBSD
85: Aside from the standard Unix productivity tools, editors, formatters, C/C++
86: compilers and debuggers and so on that are included with the base system, there
87: is a huge collection of packages (currently over 8,000) that can be installed
88: both from source and in pre-compiled form. All the packages that you expect to
89: find on a well configured system are available for NetBSD for free. The
90: framework that makes this possible, pkgsrc, also includes a number of commercial
91: applications. In addition, NetBSD provides binary emulation for various other
92: \*nix operating systems, allowing you to run non-native applications. Linux
93: emulation is probably the most relevant example. You can run the Linux versions
96: * Firefox
97: * the Adobe Flash player plugin
98: * Acrobat Reader
99: * many other programs
101: ## How to get NetBSD
103: NetBSD is an Open Source operating system, and as such it is freely available
104: for download from [ftp.NetBSD.org](ftp://ftp.NetBSD.org) and its
107: There is no "official" supplier of NetBSD CD-ROMs but there are various
108: resellers. You can find the most up to date list on the relevant
109: [page](http://www.NetBSD.org/sites/cdroms.html) on the NetBSD site.
CVSweb for NetBSD wikisrc <wikimaster@NetBSD.org> software: FreeBSD-CVSweb