1: # The NetBSD Guide
3: ## Purpose of this guide
5: This guide describes the installation and the configuration of the NetBSD
6: operating system as well as the setup and administration of some of its
7: subsystems. It primarily addresses people coming from other Unix-like operating
8: systems, and aims to be a useful guide in the face of the many small problems
9: one encounters when using a new tool.
11: This guide is not a Unix tutorial: basic knowledge of some concepts and tools
12: is assumed. You should know, for example, what a file and a directory are, and
13: how to use an editor. There are plenty of books explaining basic Unix and
14: operating system concepts, and you should consult one if you need more
15: background information. It is better to choose a general book and avoid titles
16: like "Learning Unix-XYZ, version 22.214.171.124 in 10 days", but this is a matter of
17: personal taste.
19: Originally, the guide has been a book, which was subsequently moved to the wiki
20: to make it easier to contribute.
22: If you have additions or comments to the guide, but don't want to create an
23: account, feel free to post your submissions to the
24: [www team](mailto:email@example.com) or the
25: [docs mailing list](firstname.lastname@example.org). The text is maintained in
26: Markdown, and you can use the button in the top right corner to show the source
27: of an article.
29: ## Table of Contents
32: ## Guide history
34: This guide was born as a collection of sparse notes that Federico Lupi, the
35: original author of the NetBSD Guide, wrote mostly for himself. When he realized
36: that they could be useful to other NetBSD users he started collecting them and
37: created the first version of the guide using the groff formatter. In order to
38: "easily" get a wider variety of output formats (e.g. HTML and
39: PostScript/PDF), he made the "mistake" of moving to SGML/DocBook, which
40: was the format of the sources. Maintainership was picked up by the NetBSD
41: project and its developers later, and the format was changed to XML/DocBook
42: later due to better tools and slightly more knowhow on customisations.
44: In 2012/2013, the guide was converted in a Google Code-In task by Mingzhe Wang
45: (wmzhere) to Markdown. In early 2013, it was integrated to the NetBSD wiki,
46: along with removing old chapters, restricting numbering schemes and some
49: You can still get the
50: [old version of the Guide](http://netbsd.org/docs/guide), which is not
51: maintained anymore.
53: ## Acknowledgements
55: The NetBSD Guide was originally written by Federico Lupi who managed the
56: sources, coordinated updates, and merged all contributions on his own. Since
57: then, it has been updated and maintained by the NetBSD www team. The Guide has
58: progressed thanks to the contributions of many people who have volunteered their
59: time and effort, supplied material and sent in suggestions and corrections.
61: ### Original acknowledgements
63: Federico's original credits are:
65: * Paulo Aukar
66: * Grant Beattie, converted to XML DocBook.
67: * Manolo De Santis, Audio Chapter
68: * Eric Delcamp, Boot Floppies
69: * Hubert Feyrer, who contributed
70: [[Introduction to TCP/IP Networking|guide/net-intro]] including Next
71: generation Internet protocol - IPv6 and the section
72: [[IPv6 Connectivity & Transition via 6to4|guide/net-practice#ipv6-6to4]]
73: He also helped with the SGML to XML transition.
74: * Jason R. Fink
75: * Daniel de Kok, audio and linux chapters fixes.
76: * Reinoud Koornstra, CVS chapter and rebuilding `/dev` in the Misc chapter.
77: * Brian A. Seklecki [email@example.com](mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org), who
78: contributed the CCD Chapter.
79: * Guillain Seuillot
80: * Martti Kuparinen, RAIDframe documentation.
81: * David Magda
83: ### Current acknowledgements
85: This document is currently maintained by the NetBSD www team. Thanks to their
86: efforts, the document is kept up to date and available online at all times. In
87: addition, special thanks go to (in alphabetical order):
89: * Hubert Feyrer, for getting the guide up to speed for NetBSD 2.0, and for
90: making numerous improvements to all chapters.
91: * Jason R. Fink, for maintaining this document and integrating changes.
92: * Andreas Hallman, for his information in
93: [[Tunneling 6to4 through an IPFilter firewall|guide/net-practice#chap-net-practice-ipv6-6to4-ipf]]
94: * Joel Knight for the
95: [[Introduction to the Common Address Redundancy Protocol (CARP)|guide/carp]].
96: See below for for the accompanying license.
97: * Daniel de Kok, for constant contributions of new chapters, maintenance of
98: existing chapters and his translation work.
99: * Hiroki Sato, for allowing us to build PDF and PS versions of this document.
100: * Jan Schaumann, for maintenance work and `www/htdocs` management.
101: * Lubomir Sedlacik, for some details on using CGD for swap in
102: [[Suggestions and Warnings|guide/cgd#suggestions]]
103: * Dag-Erling Smørgrav, for the article on
104: [[Pluggable Authentication Modules (PAM)|guide/pam]]. See below for the
105: accompanying license.
106: * Florian Stöhr, for
107: [[Example: encrypted CDs/DVDs|guide/cgd#cryptocds]]
110: ### Licenses
112: #### Federico Lupi's original license of this guide
114: Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification,
115: are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
117: 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this
118: list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
119: 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice,
120: this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation
121: and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
122: 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software must
123: display the following acknowledgement: This product includes software developed
124: by Federico Lupi for the NetBSD Project.
125: 4. The name of the author may not be used to endorse or promote products
126: derived from this software without specific prior written permission.
128: THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
129: WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
130: MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT
131: SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL,
132: EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT
133: OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
134: INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
135: CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING
136: IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY
137: OF SUCH DAMAGE.
139: #### The NetBSD Developers
141: Copyright © 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002 Federico Lupi
143: Copyright © 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 The NetBSD Foundation
145: All brand and product names used in this guide are or may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.
147: NetBSD® is a registered trademark of The NetBSD Foundation, Inc.
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