Diff for /wikisrc/guide/index.mdwn between versions 1.1 and 1.18

version 1.1, 2013/03/04 00:20:51 version 1.18, 2013/03/09 00:00:15
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 ## Table of Contents  ## Table of Contents
   
   
 ***I. About NetBSD***  ***I. About NetBSD***
   
    * [[1. What is NetBSD?|guide/intro]]
      * [[1.1. The story of NetBSD]]
      * [[1.2. NetBSD features]]
      * [[1.3. Supported platforms]]
      * [[1.4. NetBSD's target users]]
      * [[1.5. Applications for NetBSD]]
      * [[1.6. How to get NetBSD]]
   
 ***II. System installation and related issues***  ***II. System installation and related issues***
   
   
 ***III. System configuration, administration and tuning***  ***III. System configuration, administration and tuning***
   
  * [4. Upgrading NetBSD](guide/upgrading   * [[4. Upgrading NetBSD|guide/upgrading]]
    * [4.1.  Using sysinst     * [[4.1. Using sysinst]]
    * [4.2.  Using sysupgrade     * [[4.2. Using sysupgrade]]
  * [5. The first steps on NetBSD](guide/boot   * [[5. The first steps on NetBSD|guide/boot]]
    * [5.1.  Troubleshooting     * [[5.1. Troubleshooting]]
    * [5.2.  The man command     * [[5.2. The man command]]
    * [5.3.  Editing configuration files     * [[5.3. Editing configuration files]]
    * [5.4.  Login     * [[5.4. Login]]
    * [5.5.  Changing the `root` password     * [[5.5. Changing the root password]]
    * [5.6.  Adding users     * [[5.6. Adding users]]
    * [5.7.  Shadow passwords     * [[5.7. Shadow passwords]]
    * [5.8.  Changing the keyboard layout     * [[5.8. Changing the keyboard layout]]
    * [5.9.  System time     * [[5.9. System time]]
    * [5.10.  Secure Shell ([ssh(1)](http://netbsd.gw.com/cgi-bin/man-cgi?ssh+1+NetBSD-5.0.1+i386))     * [[5.10. Secure Shell ssh(1)]]
    * [5.11.  Basic configuration in `/etc/rc.conf`     * [[5.11. Basic configuration in /etc/rc.conf]]
    * [5.12.  Basic network settings     * [[5.12. Basic network settings]]
    * [5.13.  Mounting a CD-ROM     * [[5.13. Mounting a CD-ROM]]
    * [5.14.  Mounting a floppy     * [[5.14. Mounting a floppy]]
    * [5.15.  Installing additional software     * [[5.15. Installing additional software]]
    * [5.16.  Security alerts     * [[5.16. Security alerts]]
    * [5.17.  Stopping and rebooting the system     * [[5.17. Stopping and rebooting the system]]
  * [7. The rc.d System](guide/rc   * [[6. Editing|guide/edit]]
    * [7.1.  Basics     * [[6.1. Introducing vi]]
    * [7.2.  The rc.d scripts     * [[6.2. Configuring vi]]
    * [7.3.  Order/dependencies of start determined by rcorder     * [[6.3. Using tags with vi]]
    * [7.4.  rc.d scripts of additional services   * [[7. The rc.d System|guide/rc]]
    * [7.5.  Additional Reading     * [[7.1. Basics]]
  * [9. X](guide/x     * [[7.2. The rc.d scripts]]
    * [9.1.  What is X?     * [[7.3. Order/dependencies of start determined by rcorder]]
    * [9.2.  Configuration     * [[7.4. rc.d scripts of additional services]]
    * [9.3.  The mouse     * [[7.5. Additional Reading]]
    * [9.4.  The keyboard   * [[8. Console drivers|guide/cons]]
    * [9.5.  The monitor     * [[8.1. wscons]]
    * [9.6.  The video card   * [[9. X|guide/x]]
    * [9.7.  Starting X     * [[9.1. What is X?]]
    * [9.8.  Customizing X     * [[9.2. Configuration]]
    * [9.9.  Other window managers or desktop environments     * [[9.3. The mouse]]
    * [9.10.  Graphical login with xdm     * [[9.4. The keyboard]]
  * [11. Audio](guide/audio     * [[9.5. The monitor]]
    * [11.1.  Basic hardware elements     * [[9.6. The video card]]
    * [11.2.  Supported audio cards     * [[9.7. Starting X]]
    * [11.3.  BIOS settings     * [[9.8. Customizing X]]
    * [11.4.  Configuring the audio device     * [[9.9. Other window managers or desktop environments]]
    * [11.5.  Multiple audio devices     * [[9.10. Graphical login with xdm]]
    * [11.6.  Configuring the kernel audio devices   * [[10. Linux emulation|guide/linux]]
    * [11.7.  Advanced commands     * [[10.1. Emulation setup]]
  * [20. NetBSD Veriexec subsystem](guide/veriexec     * [[10.2. Directory structure]]
    * [20.1.  How it works     * [[10.3. Emulating /proc]]
    * [20.2.  Signatures file     * [[10.4. Using Linux browser plugins]]
    * [20.3.  Strict levels     * [[10.5. Further reading]]
    * [20.4.  Veriexec and layered file systems   * [[11. Audio|guide/audio]]
    * [20.5.  Kernel configuration     * [[11.1. Basic hardware elements]]
      * [[11.2. Supported audio cards]]
      * [[11.3. BIOS settings]]
      * [[11.4. Configuring the audio device]]
      * [[11.5. Multiple audio devices]]
      * [[11.6. Configuring the kernel audio devices]]
      * [[11.7. Advanced commands]]
    * [[14. The cryptographic device driver (CGD)|guide/cgd]]
      * [[14.1. Overview]]
      * [[14.2. Components of the Crypto-Graphic Disk system]]
      * [[14.3. Example: encrypting your disk]]
      * [[14.4. Example: encrypted CDs/DVDs]]
      * [[14.5. Suggestions and Warnings]]
      * [[14.6. Further Reading]]
    * [[15. Concatenated Disk Device (CCD) configuration|guide/ccd]]
      * [[15.1. Install physical media]]
      * [[15.2. Configure Kernel Support]]
      * [[15.3. Disklabel each volume member of the CCD]]
      * [[15.4. Configure the CCD]]
      * [[15.5. Initialize the CCD device]]
      * [[15.6. Create a 4.2BSD/UFS filesystem on the new CCD device]]
      * [[15.7. Mount the filesystem]]
    * [[17. NetBSD Logical Volume Manager (LVM) configuration|guide/lvm]]
      * [[17.1. Anatomy of NetBSD Logical Volume Manager]]
      * [[17.2. Install physical media]]
      * [[17.3. Configure Kernel Support]]
      * [[17.4. Configure LVM on a NetBSD system]]
      * [[17.5. Disklabel each physical volume member of the LVM]]
      * [[17.6. Create Physical Volumes]]
      * [[17.7. Create Volume Group]]
      * [[17.8. Create Logical Volume]]
      * [[17.9. Example: LVM with Volume groups located on raid1]]
    * [[18. Pluggable Authentication Modules (PAM)|guide/pam]]
      * [[18.1. About]]
      * [[18.2. Introduction]]
      * [[18.3. Terms and conventions]]
      * [[18.4. PAM Essentials]]
      * [[18.5. PAM Configuration]]
      * [[18.6. PAM modules]]
      * [[18.7. PAM Application Programming]]
      * [[18.8. PAM Module Programming]]
      * [[18.9. Sample PAM Application]]
      * [[18.10. Sample PAM Module]]
      * [[18.11. Sample PAM Conversation Function]]
      * [[18.12. Further Reading]]
    * [[19. Tuning NetBSD|guide/tuning]]
      * [[19.1. Introduction]]
      * [[19.2. Tuning Considerations]]
      * [[19.3. Visual Monitoring Tools]]
      * [[19.4. Monitoring Tools]]
      * [[19.5. Network Tools]]
      * [[19.6. Accounting]]
      * [[19.7. Kernel Profiling]]
      * [[19.8. System Tuning]]
      * [[19.9. Kernel Tuning]]
    * [[20. NetBSD Veriexec subsystem|guide/veriexec]]
      * [[20.1. How it works]]
      * [[20.2. Signatures file]]
      * [[20.3. Strict levels]]
      * [[20.4. Veriexec and layered file systems]]
      * [[20.5. Kernel configuration]]
    * [[21. Bluetooth on NetBSD|guide/bluetooth]]
      * [[21.1. Introduction]]
      * [[21.2. Supported Hardware]]
      * [[21.3. System Configuration]]
      * [[21.4. Human Interface Devices]]
      * [[21.5. Personal Area Networking]]
      * [[21.6. Serial Connections]]
      * [[21.7. Audio]]
      * [[21.8. Object Exchange]]
      * [[21.9. Troubleshooting]]
    * [[22. Miscellaneous operations|guide/misc]]
      * [[22.1. Installing the boot manager]]
      * [[22.2. Deleting the disklabel]]
      * [[22.3. Speaker]]
      * [[22.4. Forgot root password?]]
      * [[22.5. Password file is busy?]]
      * [[22.6. Adding a new hard disk]]
      * [[22.7. How to rebuild the devices in /dev]]
   
 ***IV. Networking and related issues***  ***IV. Networking and related issues***
   
    * [[25. The Internet Super Server inetd
    Allowing and denying hosts - /etc/hosts.allow, /etc/hosts.deny|guide/inetd]]
      * [[25.1. Overview]]
      * [[25.2. What is inetd?]]
      * [[25.3. Configuring inetd - /etc/inetd.conf]]
      * [[25.4. Services - /etc/services]]
      * [[25.5. Protocols - /etc/protocols]]
      * [[25.6. Remote Procedure Calls (RPC) - /etc/rpc]]
      * [[25.7. Adding a Service]]
      * [[25.8. When to use or not to use inetd]]
      * [[25.9. Other Resources]]
    * [[28. Introduction to the Common Address Redundancy Protocol (CARP)|guide/carp]]
      * [[28.1. CARP Operation]]
      * [[28.2. Configuring CARP]]
      * [[28.3. Enabling CARP Support]]
      * [[28.4. CARP Example]]
      * [[28.5. Advanced CARP configuration]]
      * [[28.6. Forcing Failover of the Master]]
      * [[28.7. License]]
   
 ***V. Building the system***  ***V. Building the system***
   
  * [32. Compiling the kernel](guide/kernel   * [[30. Obtaining the sources|guide/fetch]]
    * [32.1.  Requirements and procedure     * [[30.1. Preparing directories]]
    * [32.2.  Installing the kernel sources     * [[30.2. Terminology]]
    * [32.3.  Creating the kernel configuration file     * [[30.3. Downloading tarballs]]
    * [32.4.  Building the kernel manually     * [[30.4. Fetching by CVS]]
    * [32.5.  Building the kernel using `build.sh`     * [[30.5. Sources on CD (ISO)]]
    * [32.6.  Installing the new kernel   * [[31. Crosscompiling NetBSD with build.sh|guide/build]]
    * [32.7.  If something went wrong     * [[31.1. Building the crosscompiler]]
  * [33. Updating an existing system from sources](guide/updating     * [[31.2. Configuring the kernel manually]]
    * [33.1.  Manual build and update procedure     * [[31.3. Crosscompiling the kernel manually]]
    * [33.2.  Using sysinst     * [[31.4. Crosscompiling the kernel with build.sh]]
    * [33.3.  Using sysbuild and sysupgrade     * [[31.5. Crosscompiling the userland]]
    * [33.4.  More details about the updating of configuration and startup files     * [[31.6. Crosscompiling the X Window System]]
      * [[31.7. Changing build behaviour]]
    * [[32. Compiling the kernel|guide/kernel]]
      * [[32.1. Requirements and procedure]]
      * [[32.2. Installing the kernel sources]]
      * [[32.3. Creating the kernel configuration file]]
      * [[32.4. Building the kernel manually]]
      * [[32.5. Building the kernel using build.sh]]
      * [[32.6. Installing the new kernel]]
      * [[32.7. If something went wrong]]
    * [[33. Updating an existing system from sources|guide/updating]]
      * [[33.1. Manual build and update procedure]]
      * [[33.2. Using sysinst]]
      * [[33.3. Using sysbuild and sysupgrade]]
      * [[33.4. More details about the updating of configuration and startup files]]
   
 ## Guide history  ## Guide history
   
Line 118  that they could be useful to other NetBS Line 235  that they could be useful to other NetBS
 created the first version of the guide using the groff formatter. In order to  created the first version of the guide using the groff formatter. In order to
 "easily" get a wider variety of output formats (e.g. HTML and  "easily" get a wider variety of output formats (e.g. HTML and
 PostScript/PDF), he made the "mistake" of moving to SGML/DocBook, which  PostScript/PDF), he made the "mistake" of moving to SGML/DocBook, which
 is the current format of the sources. Maintainership was picked up by the NetBSD  was the format of the sources. Maintainership was picked up by the NetBSD
 project and its developers later, and the format was changed to XML/DocBook  project and its developers later, and the format was changed to XML/DocBook
 later due to better tools and slightly more knowhow on customisations.  later due to better tools and slightly more knowhow on customisations.
   
 In 2012/2013, the guide was converted by XXX (Wang - wmzhere) to Markdown and  In 2012/2013, the guide was converted in a Google Code-In task by Mingzhe Wang
 integrated into the NetBSD wiki. Along with the conversion, old chapters were  (wmzhere) to Markdown. In early 2013, it was integrated to the NetBSD wiki,
 removed, the numbering scheme was restricted to the table of contents and soem  along with removing old chapters, restricting numbering schemes and some
 reformulations were done.  reformulations.
   
 You can still get the old version of the Guide at XXX  You can still get the
   [old version of the Guide](http://netbsd.org/docs/guide), which is not
   maintained anymore.
   
 ## Bibliography  ## Bibliography
   
Line 284  PERFORMANCE OF THIS DOCUMENTATION Line 403  PERFORMANCE OF THIS DOCUMENTATION
   
 Copyright 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002 Federico Lupi  Copyright 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002 Federico Lupi
   
 Copyright 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 The NetBSD Foundation  Copyright 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 The NetBSD Foundation
   
 All brand and product names used in this guide are or may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.  All brand and product names used in this guide are or may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.
   

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