Annotation of wikisrc/amazon_ec2.mdwn, revision 1.46

1.1       wiki        1: [[!toc]]
                      2: 
                      3: # Introduction
                      4: 
1.21      wiki        5: This tutorial aims at showing how you can build, setup, upload and launch NetBSD under the [Amazon EC2](http://aws.amazon.com/ec2/) service. We will first give some brief explanations on how you can obtain an AWS account, and what you will need to run NetBSD under EC2. Then, at your convenience, you will be able to start with pre-made images, or roll-out your own.
1.1       wiki        6: 
1.3       wiki        7: # Subscribe to AWS (Amazon Web Services)
                      8: 
                      9: If you already have an account for [Amazon Web Services](http://aws.amazon.com/), and you are a registered user for EC2 service, you can directly jump to section [What do you need to know](#index2h2). If not, keep reading.
1.1       wiki       10: 
1.46    ! jym        11: [[!inline pages="amazon_ec2/first_steps" raw="yes"]]
1.1       wiki       12: 
1.23      wiki       13: # Using pre-made AMIs
                     14: 
1.45      jym        15: [[!inline pages="amazon_ec2/AMIs" raw="yes"]]
1.23      wiki       16: 
1.17      wiki       17: # Build-up your NetBSD system
1.1       wiki       18: 
1.6       wiki       19: ## Fetch and build NetBSD
1.1       wiki       20: 
1.6       wiki       21: EC2 does not provide direct access to console. As a consequence, we cannot rely on it for installation, especially via [[!template id=man name=sysinst section=8]]. We must therefore build and install NetBSD in a separate directory, and configure it manually, before upload.
1.1       wiki       22: 
1.9       wiki       23: This tutorial assumes that you will build the system under */mnt/ec2*.
1.1       wiki       24: 
1.21      wiki       25: /!\Please note that you will need the [[!template id=man name=makefs section=8]] tool later in the process, so you can build a file system image that can be uploaded to Amazon EC2. You are therefore advised to perform the installation directly under a living NetBSD system, or in case your are not, to fetch the *src* tree to build the toolchain, which will contain the **nbmakefs** utility.
1.1       wiki       26: 
1.21      wiki       27: [Details regarding on how you can fetch *src* are given in the NetBSD's guide](http://www.netbsd.org/docs/guide/en/chap-fetch.html). Here are the basic commands you should type to build and install NetBSD under */mnt/ec2*:
                     28: 
                     29: [[!template id=programlisting text="""
1.23      wiki       30: cd /usr/
                     31: # grab a recent src.tgz file (use curl(1), ftp(1), wget(1), ...)
                     32: ftp -a 'http://ftp.netbsd.org/pub/NetBSD/NetBSD-current/tar_files/src.tar.gz'
                     33: # Decompress
                     34: tar -xzpf src.tar.gz
                     35: cd src
                     36: # build distribution and kernel
1.28      wiki       37: ./build.sh -O ../obj -T ../tools -D ../dest -R ../release -m amd64 -U distribution
1.23      wiki       38: ./build.sh -O ../obj -T ../tools -m amd64 kernel=XEN3_DOMU
                     39: # install distribution in /mnt/ec2
1.32      wiki       40: su root ./build.sh -O ../obj -T ../tools -D ../dest -R ../release -U -V INSTALLSETS="base etc" install=/mnt/ec2
1.21      wiki       41: """]]
1.6       wiki       42: 
1.16      wiki       43: # Configuration of your NetBSD EC2 tree
1.6       wiki       44: 
1.9       wiki       45: /!\This part assumes that you have a non-configured NetBSD system extracted under */mnt/ec2*; that is, it should have not been modified through [[!template id=man name=sysinst section=8]], nor by you.
1.6       wiki       46: 
1.9       wiki       47: Under */mnt/ec2*, edit the files to add (or modify) these lines:
1.6       wiki       48: 
                     49: [[!template id=filecontent name=etc/rc.conf text="""
                     50: rc_configured=YES
                     51: 
1.26      wiki       52: ec2_init=YES
1.6       wiki       53: sshd=YES # for remote shell access to instance
                     54: """]]
                     55: 
                     56: [[!template id=filecontent name=etc/ssh/sshd_config text="""
                     57: # Allows root to login via authentication keys
                     58: PermitRootLogin without-password
                     59: """]]
                     60: 
1.22      wiki       61: This file is needed if you want to login via the EC2 SSH key pair created previously:
1.21      wiki       62: 
1.26      wiki       63: [[!template id=filecontent name=etc/rc.d/ec2_init text="""
1.21      wiki       64: #!/bin/sh
                     65: #
1.26      wiki       66: # PROVIDE: ec2_init
1.21      wiki       67: # REQUIRE: NETWORKING
                     68: # BEFORE:  LOGIN
                     69: 
                     70: $_rc_subr_loaded . /etc/rc.subr
                     71: 
                     72: name="ec2_init"
1.26      wiki       73: rcvar=${name}
1.21      wiki       74: start_cmd="ec2_init"
                     75: stop_cmd=":"
                     76: 
1.22      wiki       77: METADATA_URL="http://169.254.169.254/latest/meta-data/"
                     78: SSH_KEY_URL="public-keys/0/openssh-key"
                     79: HOSTNAME_URL="hostname"
                     80: 
1.21      wiki       81: SSH_KEY_FILE="/root/.ssh/authorized_keys"
                     82: 
                     83: ec2_init()
                     84: {
                     85:         (
                     86:         umask 022
                     87:         # fetch the key pair from Amazon Web Services
1.22      wiki       88:         EC2_SSH_KEY=$(ftp -o - "${METADATA_URL}${SSH_KEY_URL}")
1.21      wiki       89: 
                     90:         if [ -n "$EC2_SSH_KEY" ]; then
                     91:                 # A key pair is associated with this instance, add it
                     92:                 # to root 'authorized_keys' file
                     93:                 mkdir -p $(dirname "$SSH_KEY_FILE")
1.22      wiki       94:                 touch "$SSH_KEY_FILE"
1.21      wiki       95:                 cd $(dirname "$SSH_KEY_FILE")
                     96: 
1.22      wiki       97:                 grep -q "$EC2_SSH_KEY" "$SSH_KEY_FILE"
                     98:                 if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
                     99:                         echo "Setting EC2 SSH key pair: ${EC2_SSH_KEY##* }"
1.21      wiki      100:                         echo "$EC2_SSH_KEY" >> "$SSH_KEY_FILE"
                    101:                 fi
                    102:         fi
1.22      wiki      103: 
                    104:         # set hostname
                    105:         HOSTNAME=$(ftp -o - "${METADATA_URL}${HOSTNAME_URL}")
                    106:         echo "Setting EC2 hostname: ${HOSTNAME}"
                    107:         echo "$HOSTNAME" > /etc/myname
                    108:         hostname "$HOSTNAME"
1.21      wiki      109:         )
                    110: }
                    111: 
1.22      wiki      112: load_rc_config $name
                    113: run_rc_command "$1"
1.21      wiki      114: """]]
                    115: 
                    116: Create various files and directories:
1.6       wiki      117: 
1.8       wiki      118: [[!template id=programlisting text="""
                    119: cd /mnt/ec2
1.21      wiki      120: # Add proc and kern directories
1.22      wiki      121: mkdir grub kern proc
1.21      wiki      122: # EC2 network configuration, via DHCP
                    123: echo "dhcp" > etc/ifconfig.xennet0
                    124: # Basic fstab entries
1.8       wiki      125: cat > etc/fstab << EOF
1.6       wiki      126: /dev/xbd1a /        ffs    rw 1 1
1.22      wiki      127: /dev/xbd0a /grub    ext2fs rw 2 2
1.6       wiki      128: kernfs     /kern    kernfs rw
                    129: ptyfs      /dev/pts ptyfs  rw
                    130: procfs     /proc    procfs rw
1.8       wiki      131: EOF
1.21      wiki      132: # EC2 startup script (if you installed it)
1.26      wiki      133: if [ -f etc/rc.d/ec2_init ]; then
1.33      wiki      134:     chmod 555 etc/rc.d/ec2_init
1.21      wiki      135: fi
1.6       wiki      136: """]]
                    137: 
1.24      wiki      138: You can then proceed to modifying the system living under */mnt/ec2*, so it can fit your needs (adding custom binaries, packages, etc). When done, build the *NetBSD-AMI.img.gz* ffs image, via [[!template id=man name=makefs section=8]], or **nbmakefs**, from the [toolchain](http://www.netbsd.org/docs/guide/en/chap-build.html#chap-build-tools):
1.9       wiki      139: 
                    140: [[!template id=programlisting text="""
1.37      wiki      141: $ makefs -t ffs -B le -s 256m -N /mnt/ec2/etc/ -o density=32k /tmp/NetBSD-AMI.img /mnt/ec2/ 
1.9       wiki      142: Calculated size of `NetBSD-AMI.img': 268435456 bytes, 7345 inodes
                    143: Extent size set to 8192
                    144: NetBSD-AMI.img: 256.0MB (524288 sectors) block size 8192, fragment size 1024
                    145:         using 5 cylinder groups of 53.88MB, 6896 blks, 1728 inodes.
                    146: super-block backups (for fsck -b #) at:
                    147:      32, 110368, 220704, 331040, 441376,
                    148: Populating `NetBSD-AMI.img'
                    149: Image `NetBSD-AMI.img' complete
                    150: $ gzip -9n NetBSD-AMI.img
                    151: """]]
1.1       wiki      152: 
1.17      wiki      153: # Upload NetBSD to EC2
1.1       wiki      154: 
1.24      wiki      155: We must now upload our NetBSD system to EC2. For that, we will have to create a minimalist EC2 instance, to which we will copy our files to construct our snapshots. We will use an Amazon Linux AMI instance.
1.9       wiki      156: 
1.18      wiki      157: EC2 being localized in geographical regions, you have to carefully choose the AMI identifier you want to use there. This depends on where you want to execute your instance. Amazon Linux AMI IDs are listed on [the main page](http://aws.amazon.com/amazon-linux-ami/) of the project, by regions. Choose ones backed by EBS.
1.9       wiki      158: 
                    159: The examples listed here assume that the instances run in **US East**, within the **c** zone (e.g. **us-east-1c**). To have a list of EC2 regions, you can use the command **ec2-describe-regions**, and **ec2-describe-availability-zones** for availability zones.
                    160: 
1.17      wiki      161: ## Create an Amazon Linux instance
1.9       wiki      162: 
1.24      wiki      163: Creating an instance is straightforward. Amazon provides [different types of instances](http://aws.amazon.com/ec2/pricing/), with varying levels of billing and reliability. We will use a [*micro* instance](http://aws.amazon.com/ec2/faqs/#How_much_compute_power_do_Micro_instances_provide); its pricing is almost free.
1.9       wiki      164: 
                    165: [[!template id=programlisting text="""
                    166: $ ec2-run-instances ami-74f0061d -t t1.micro -z us-east-1c -k $EC2_SSH_KEYNAME
                    167: RESERVATION     r-1ab61377      983624114127    default
                    168: INSTANCE        <strong>i-5babe737</strong>      ami-74f0061d                    pending &lt;your_ssh_key_pair_name&gt;  0               t1.micro        2011-02-17T23:15:04+0000        us-east-1c      aki-427d952b                    monitoring-disabled                                     ebs                                     paravirtual     xen     
                    169: """]]
                    170: 
                    171: Use the instance identifier **i-XXXXXXX** to query the instance state via **ec2-describe-instances**. It will take some time to launch:
1.6       wiki      172: 
1.9       wiki      173: [[!template id=programlisting text="""
                    174: $ sleep 5 && ec2-describe-instances i-5babe737 | grep running
                    175: $ sleep 5 && ec2-describe-instances i-5babe737 | grep running
                    176: INSTANCE        i-5babe737      ami-74f0061d    <strong>ec2-67-202-24-108.compute-1.amazonaws.com</strong>       ip-10-99-86-193.ec2.internal    running &lt;your_ssh_key_pair_name&gt;  0               t1.micro        2011-02-17T23:22:37+0000        us-east-1c      aki-427d952b                    monitoring-disabled     67.202.24.108   10.99.86.193                    ebs
                    177: """]]
1.1       wiki      178: 
1.17      wiki      179: ## Create and attach your NetBSD volumes
1.1       wiki      180: 
1.9       wiki      181: We will have to create and attach two EBS volumes:
                    182: 
                    183: 1. one to contain the Grub *menu.lst* config file, as well as the NetBSD kernel.
                    184: 1. the other one will contain the root file-system.
                    185: 
                    186: [[!template id=programlisting text="""
                    187: <strong>ec2-create-volume -s 1 -z us-east-1c</strong> # 1GiB -- will be used for Grub and kernel
                    188: VOLUME  vol-24f88d4c    1               us-east-1c      creating        2011-02-18T00:06:21+0000
                    189: <strong>ec2-create-volume -s 5 -z us-east-1c</strong> # 5GiB -- will contain the root file-system
                    190: VOLUME  vol-36f88d5e    5               us-east-1c      creating        2011-02-18T00:06:32+0000
                    191: *** Wait until both volumes are marked as "available" ***
                    192: <strong>ec2-describe-volumes vol-24f88d4c vol-36f88d5e</strong>
                    193: VOLUME  vol-36f88d5e    5               us-east-1c      available       2011-02-18T00:06:32+0000
                    194: VOLUME  vol-24f88d4c    1               us-east-1c      available       2011-02-18T00:06:21+0000
                    195: # Attach them under /dev/sdf and /dev/sdg respectively
                    196: <strong>ec2-attach-volume vol-36f88d5e -i i-5babe737 -d "/dev/sdf"</strong> # root file-system
                    197: ATTACHMENT      vol-36f88d5e    i-5babe737      /dev/sdf        attaching       2011-02-18T00:13:53+0000
                    198: <strong>ec2-attach-volume vol-24f88d4c -i i-5babe737 -d "/dev/sdg"</strong> # Grub and kernel
                    199: ATTACHMENT      vol-24f88d4c    i-5babe737      /dev/sdg        attaching       2011-02-18T00:14:02+0000
                    200: *** Wait until both volumes are "attached" ***
                    201: <strong>ec2-describe-volumes vol-24f88d4c vol-36f88d5e</strong>
                    202: VOLUME  vol-36f88d5e    5               us-east-1c      in-use  2011-02-18T00:06:32+0000
                    203: ATTACHMENT      vol-36f88d5e    i-5babe737      /dev/sdf        attached        2011-02-18T00:14:00+0000
                    204: VOLUME  vol-24f88d4c    1               us-east-1c      in-use  2011-02-18T00:06:21+0000
                    205: ATTACHMENT      vol-24f88d4c    i-5babe737      /dev/sdg        attached        2011-02-18T00:14:10+0000
                    206: """]]
                    207: 
1.16      wiki      208: ## Snapshots!
1.2       wiki      209: 
1.19      wiki      210: Before we can connect to our brand new instance, we have to allow connections on SSH port (22) through the AWS EC2 firewall:
                    211: 
                    212: [[!template id=programlisting text="""
1.35      wiki      213: $ ec2-authorize default -p 22 --region us-east-1
1.19      wiki      214: GROUP           default 
                    215: PERMISSION              default ALLOWS  tcp     22      22      FROM    CIDR    0.0.0.0/0
                    216: """]]
                    217: 
1.24      wiki      218: We can now upload the kernel and the NetBSD disk image created earlier, *NetBSD-AMI.img.gz*, to our instance host:
1.9       wiki      219: 
                    220: [[!template id=programlisting text="""
                    221: # Upload kernel to Linux AMI
1.21      wiki      222: rsync -aPv -e "ssh -i $EC2_SSH_KEY" /usr/obj/sys/arch/amd64/compile/XEN3_DOMU/netbsd \
1.9       wiki      223:         ec2-user@ec2-67-202-24-108.compute-1.amazonaws.com:
                    224: # Upload disk image
                    225: rsync -aPv -e "ssh -i $EC2_SSH_KEY" NetBSD-AMI.img.gz \
                    226:         ec2-user@ec2-67-202-24-108.compute-1.amazonaws.com:
                    227: """]]
                    228: 
1.17      wiki      229: Then, log in to the instance, via its name. We will format and mount the Grub partition, create the *menu.lst* file, then copy files to their respective partitions.
                    230: 
                    231: [[!template id=programlisting text="""
                    232: $ ec2-describe-instances i-5babe737
                    233: INSTANCE        i-5babe737      ami-74f0061d    <strong>ec2-67-202-24-108.compute-1.amazonaws.com</strong>       ip-10-99-86-193.ec2.internal    running &lt;your_ssh_key_pair_name&gt;  0               t1.micro        2011-02-17T23:22:37+0000        us-east-1c      aki-427d952b                    monitoring-disabled     67.202.24.108   10.99.86.193                    ebs
1.9       wiki      234: $ ssh -i "$EC2_SSH_KEY" ec2-user@ec2-67-202-24-108.compute-1.amazonaws.com
                    235: [...]
                    236: [ec2-user@ip-10-99-86-193 ~]$ sudo su
                    237: [root@ip-10-99-86-193 ec2-user]# mkdir /mnt/grub
                    238: [root@ip-10-99-86-193 ec2-user]# mkfs.ext2 /dev/sdg
                    239: [...]
                    240: [root@ip-10-99-86-193 ec2-user]# mount /dev/sdg /mnt/grub/
                    241: [root@ip-10-99-86-193 ec2-user]# mkdir -p /mnt/grub/boot/grub/
                    242: [root@ip-10-99-86-193 ec2-user]# cat > /mnt/grub/boot/grub/menu.lst << EOF
1.12      wiki      243: default=0
                    244: timeout=0
                    245: hiddenmenu
                    246: 
                    247: title NetBSD AMI
                    248: root (hd0)
                    249: kernel /boot/netbsd root=xbd1
1.9       wiki      250: EOF
                    251: [root@ip-10-99-86-193 ec2-user]# mv netbsd /mnt/grub/boot/
                    252: [root@ip-10-99-86-193 ec2-user]# umount /dev/sdg
                    253: [root@ip-10-99-86-193 ec2-user]# gunzip < NetBSD-AMI.img.gz | dd of=/dev/sdf bs=32k
1.10      wiki      254: [root@ip-10-99-86-193 ec2-user]# sync
1.9       wiki      255: """]]
                    256: 
1.16      wiki      257: ## Shutdown the Linux instance
1.1       wiki      258: 
1.10      wiki      259: We now have to detach volumes, snapshot them, then we shutdown the Linux instance.
                    260: 
                    261: [[!template id=programlisting text="""
                    262: # ec2-detach-volume vol-36f88d5e
                    263: ATTACHMENT      vol-36f88d5e    i-5babe737      /dev/sdf        detaching       2011-02-18T00:14:00+0000
                    264: # ec2-detach-volume vol-24f88d4c
                    265: ATTACHMENT      vol-24f88d4c    i-5babe737      /dev/sdg        detaching       2011-02-18T00:14:10+0000
                    266: # ec2-create-snapshot vol-36f88d5e
                    267: SNAPSHOT        <strong>snap-deef2bb2</strong>   vol-36f88d5e    pending 2011-02-18T01:17:59+0000                983624114127    5
                    268: # ec2-create-snapshot vol-24f88d4c
                    269: SNAPSHOT        <strong>snap-8aef2be6</strong>   vol-24f88d4c    pending 2011-02-18T01:18:10+0000                983624114127    1
                    270: # ec2-terminate-instances i-5babe737
                    271: INSTANCE        i-5babe737      running shutting-down
                    272: """]]
                    273: 
1.16      wiki      274: # Playing with your first NetBSD instance
                    275: 
1.6       wiki      276: ## Create your first NetBSD AMI
1.1       wiki      277: 
1.10      wiki      278: An AMI requires multiples components to be registered: the snapshots IDs we made in the previous chapter, as well as a specific AKI: the one that can chain-load Xenified kernels through PyGrub.
                    279: 
1.18      wiki      280: /!\ AKIs are entitled to the same conditions as AMIs: their IDs are region-specific. So choose one carefully, or you will not be able to launch your NetBSD instance later!
1.10      wiki      281: 
                    282: The list of AKIs that suits our situation can be obtained with the following command:
                    283: 
                    284: [[!template id=programlisting text="""
                    285: # Obtain all kernel images (AKI) for region US East, for which manifest location contains pv-grub (for PyGrub)
                    286: # ec2-describe-images -a --region=us-east-1 -F image-type=kernel -F manifest-location=*pv-grub*
                    287: IMAGE   aki-407d9529    ec2-public-images/pv-grub-hd0-V1.01-i386.gz.manifest.xml        amazon  available       public          i386    kernel                          instance-store  paravirtual     xen
1.15      wiki      288: <strong>IMAGE   aki-427d952b    ec2-public-images/pv-grub-hd0-V1.01-x86_64.gz.manifest.xml      amazon  available       public          x86_64  kernel                          instance-store  paravirtual     xen</strong>
1.10      wiki      289: IMAGE   aki-4c7d9525    ec2-public-images/pv-grub-hd00-V1.01-i386.gz.manifest.xml       amazon  available       public          i386    kernel                          instance-store  paravirtual     xen
1.15      wiki      290: IMAGE   aki-4e7d9527    ec2-public-images/pv-grub-hd00-V1.01-x86_64.gz.manifest.xml     amazon  available       public          x86_64  kernel                          instance-store  paravirtual     xen
1.10      wiki      291: """]]
                    292: 
1.15      wiki      293: Pick the one with the correct architecture (x86_64 here). **hd0** are for AMIs where the snapshot contains no partition (where the volume is itself the whole partition), while **hd00** are for snapshots partitioned in a classical way (via MBR). Choose **hd0** AKIs. In this case, that will be **aki-427d952b**.
1.13      wiki      294: 
                    295: We can proceed to the creation of our AMI, with:
1.10      wiki      296: 
1.14      wiki      297: 1. */dev/sda1* as Grub partition (*/dev/sdg*, snapshot **snap-8aef2be6** of volume **vol-24f88d4c**)
                    298: 1. */dev/sda2* as root file-system (*/dev/sdf*, snapshot **snap-deef2bb2** of volume **vol-36f88d5e**)
1.10      wiki      299: 
                    300: [[!template id=programlisting text="""
1.20      wiki      301: $ ec2-register -a x86_64 --kernel aki-427d952b --region us-east-1 \
1.10      wiki      302:     -b "/dev/sda1=snap-8aef2be6" -b "/dev/sda2=snap-deef2bb2" -n "NetBSD-x86_64-current" \
                    303:     -d "&lt;add your own description here&gt;
1.11      wiki      304: IMAGE   <strong>ami-74d0231d</strong>
1.10      wiki      305: """]]
                    306: 
1.16      wiki      307: ## Launch your first instance
1.1       wiki      308: 
1.10      wiki      309: You can now start your own NetBSD instance, via:
                    310: 
                    311: [[!template id=programlisting text="""
1.27      wiki      312: $ ec2-run-instances ami-74d0231d -t t1.micro -z us-east-1c -k $EC2_SSH_KEYNAME
1.10      wiki      313: RESERVATION     r-08218465      983624114127    default
                    314: INSTANCE        <strong>i-953d72f9</strong>      ami-74d0231d                    pending         0               t1.micro        2011-02-18T02:05:46+0000        us-east-1c      aki-4e7d9527                    monitoring-disabled
1.11      wiki      315: *** Wait a few minutes, micro instances take time to start ***
                    316: # Query console output for your new instance
1.10      wiki      317: $ ec2-get-console-output i-953d72f9
1.15      wiki      318: Copyright (c) 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005,
                    319:     2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011
                    320:     The NetBSD Foundation, Inc.  All rights reserved.
                    321: Copyright (c) 1982, 1986, 1989, 1991, 1993
                    322:     The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
                    323: 
                    324: NetBSD 5.99.45 (XEN3_DOMU) #9: Wed Feb 16 21:14:49 CET 2011
1.10      wiki      325: [...]
1.23      wiki      326: NetBSD/amd64 (ip-10-112-58-223.ec2.internal) (console)
                    327: 
                    328: login: 
1.10      wiki      329: """]]
                    330: 
1.15      wiki      331: ## Connect to your NetBSD instance
1.1       wiki      332: 
1.23      wiki      333: Connection is similar to the one you used for the Amazon Linux instance, except that you login as "root" instead of "ec2-user":
                    334: 
                    335: [[!template id=programlisting text="""
                    336: $ ec2-describe-instances i-953d72f9
                    337: RESERVATION     r-da8021b7      983624114127    default
                    338: INSTANCE        i-953d72f9      ami-74d0231d    <strong>ec2-50-16-3-55.compute-1.amazonaws.com</strong>  ip-10-112-58-223.ec2.internal   running &lt;your_ssh_key_pair_name&gt;  0               t1.micro        2011-02-19T04:01:03+0000        us-east-1c      aki-427d952b                    monitoring-disabled     50.16.3.55      10.112.58.223                   ebs                                     paravirtual     xen     
                    339: BLOCKDEVICE     /dev/sda1       vol-ec3c4a84    2011-02-19T04:01:31.000Z        
                    340: BLOCKDEVICE     /dev/sda2       vol-ee3c4a86    2011-02-19T04:01:31.000Z        
                    341: $ ssh -i "$EC2_SSH_KEY" root@ec2-50-16-3-55.compute-1.amazonaws.com
                    342: The authenticity of host 'ec2-50-16-3-55.compute-1.amazonaws.com (50.16.3.55)' can't be established.
                    343: [...]
                    344: Thank you for helping us test and improve NetBSD.
                    345: 
                    346: Terminal type is xterm.
                    347: We recommend that you create a non-root account and use su(1) for root access.
                    348: ip-10-112-58-223# uname -a
                    349: NetBSD ip-10-112-58-223.ec2.internal 5.99.45 NetBSD 5.99.45 (XEN3_DOMU) #9: Wed Feb 16 21:14:49 CET 2011  jym@paris:/home/jym/cvs/obj/sys/arch/amd64/compile/XEN3_DOMU amd64
                    350: ip-10-112-58-223# 
                    351: """]]
                    352: 
                    353: Done!
                    354: 
1.1       wiki      355: ## And now?
1.23      wiki      356: 
                    357: Well, you got a NetBSD instance that is in almost every part similar to what a NetBSD domU can be. You can use this domU to host Internet services, run a database, extend your build farm, or use it as a sandbox. The AMI being built around snapshots, you can play and break your instance in every way you want; just restart one anew if you need to. Don't forget that Amazon will charge acccordingly :)
                    358: 
                    359: Remember, you can query information regarding your AWS account through [[!template id=pkg category=misc name=ec2-api-tools]] package. It is quite easy to use these tools for scripting; for a more elaborate, graphical interface, use the [Amazon Management Console](https://console.aws.amazon.com/ec2/home).

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