DTrace is a Dynamic Tracing framework developed by Sun and ported to NetBSD. It enables extensive instrumentation of the kernel and user space. See the DTrace Community Page for more information. Also see DTrace Introduction.

Current status

Supported platforms

DTrace is a work-in-progress effort and it is for x86 systems and some arm boards.

Supported providers

You can currently run a hello world DScript.

TODO for netbsd-7

TODO for netbsd-6

Need to identify changes to pull up to netbsd-6 and pull them up. Candidates:

How to use

Building DTrace

You need the following options in your kernel:

options         INSECURE
options         KDTRACE_HOOKS   # DTrace support
options         MODULAR

You also need to build distribution with the options MKMODULAR=yes and MKDTRACE=yes.

Running hello world

Load the solaris and dtrace modules, and the SDT (Statically Defined Tracing) and FBT (Function Boundary Tracing) modules:

modload solaris
modload dtrace
modload sdt
modload fbt

Make the dtrace device node:

mkdir /dev/dtrace
mknod /dev/dtrace/dtrace c dtrace 0

List the dtrace probes

dtrace -l

   ID   PROVIDER            MODULE                          FUNCTION NAME
    1     dtrace                                                     BEGIN
    2     dtrace                                                     END
    3     dtrace                                                     ERROR
    4        fbt            netbsd             AcpiAcquireGlobalLock entry
    5        fbt            netbsd             AcpiAcquireGlobalLock return
    6        fbt            netbsd             AcpiAllocateRootTable entry
    7        fbt            netbsd                    AcpiAttachData entry
    . 
    .
29129        fbt           solaris                   zfs_vop_getattr entry 
29130        fbt           solaris                   zfs_vop_getattr return
29131       proc                                                     create
29132       proc                                                     exec 
    .
    .
29140       proc                                                     lwp_start
29141       proc                                                     lwp_exit

Put the following into the file hello.d

BEGIN
{
    trace("Hello world");
    exit(0);
}

Run the hello world script:

dtrace -s hello.d

dtrace: script './hello.d' matched 1 probe
CPU     ID                    FUNCTION:NAME
  0      1                           :BEGIN   Hello world

A more complex example that traces the execution of a sleep operation in the kernel:

#pragma D option flowindent

fbt::syscall:entry
/execname == "sleep" && guard++ == 0/
{
        self->traceme = 1;
        printf("fd: %d", arg0);
}

fbt:::
/self->traceme/
{}

fbt::syscall:return
/self->traceme/
{
        self->traceme = 0;
        exit(0);
}

Start the script running (dtrace -s <scriptname.d>) and then execute a sleep 2 in another shell.

Add a comment